Modern Japan: A History in Documents / Edition 2

Modern Japan: A History in Documents / Edition 2

by James L. Huffman
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195392531

ISBN-13: 9780195392531

Pub. Date: 07/30/2010

Publisher: Oxford University Press

The civilization of Japan is an ancient one, and by the time the first Western visitors arrived in 1542, the Japanese people were as highly educated as any in the world and enjoyed a sophisticated culture. From the sixteenth century on, the country's history was shaped by a tension between its people's thirst to understand foreign institutions and customs and their

Overview

The civilization of Japan is an ancient one, and by the time the first Western visitors arrived in 1542, the Japanese people were as highly educated as any in the world and enjoyed a sophisticated culture. From the sixteenth century on, the country's history was shaped by a tension between its people's thirst to understand foreign institutions and customs and their determination to assert and preserve its native traditions. In Modern Japan, James Huffman tells the rich and dynamic story of this history through a fascinating range of primary source documents.

A picture essay is dedicated to the tumultuous decade and a half following the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry and the U.S. Navy in 1853, which led to an unprecedented opening of Japan to the West and accompanying turmoil. While many Japanese welcomed the strangers, "men of zeal" signed blood oaths to drive out the barbarians. The picture essay explores this cultural clash, with American and Japanese portraits of Perry pointing up the differences in attitude toward this divisive figure, and a photograph of a Japanese diplomatic mission to Washington dramatically underlining the cultural differences between the Japanese and the Westerners. The essay also demonstrates the new mixture of cultures, as traditional Japanese art forms depict the lively foreign business district in Yokohama. This cultural clash led to peasant uprisings and a coup, illustrated in ink and paint, that brought an end to the stable, introverted Tokugawa rule and signaled the beginning of a new era for Japan.

Other primary sources in this collection include memoirs, school textbooks, the prison diary of a woman involved in a plot to assassinate the emperor, political speeches, a chilling eyewitness account of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, and a comic book description of Adam Smith's economic theories. Taken with the author's illuminating commentary, these diverse voices trace Japan's history from its first uneasy interactions with the Western world to the point where Japanese culture, goods, and people-from sushi, ramen noodles, karaoke, videos, anime, and automobiles to major-league baseball players-have come to pervade the world as a part of the common international heritage.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195392531
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
07/30/2010
Series:
Pages from History Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
232
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range:
13 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

What is a Document?
How to Read a Document
Introduction
Note on Sources and Interpretation

Chapter One: The Land of Shogun and Daimyo
A New Order
Reordering the World
Life Under the Tokugawa
The Shogunate Under Challenge

Chapter Two: Picture Essay: The Old Order Topples: 1853-68
Japan's Sense of the World
Perry's Arrival
A Land in Transition
Symbols of Change
Tumultuous Times
Demise of a Domain Lord

Chapter Three: Confronting the Modern World: 1868-89
Envisioning a New World
Creating a New World
A New Society

Chapter Four: Turning Outward: 1890-1912
Rising Nationalism
An Expansionist Turn
A Modern, Urban Society

Chapter Five: Imperial Democracy, 1912-30
Modern Times
Reining in Diversity

Chapter Six: The Dark Era: 1930-45
The Militarist Turn
War

Chapter Seven: The Reemergence: 1945-70
An Occupied Land
The Return to Normal Life
The Reemergence

Chapter Eight: Japan as a World Power after 1970
Surmounting Crises
Awash in Capital
Toward a New Century

Timeline
Further Reading
Websites
Text Credits
Picture Credits
Index

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