Modern Philosophy - From Descartes to Nietzsche: An Anthology / Edition 1

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Modern Philosophy: An Anthology features a broad range of selections from important but seldom anthologized works in the philosophy of psychology, natural science, morality, politics and religion.

  • Features a broad range of selections from works in the philosophy of psychology, natural science, morality, politics and religion.
  • Places the modern thinkers in conversation with each other, including Leibniz on Descartes and Spinoza, Reid on Locke and Hume, and Kant on Hobbes.
  • Offers important, but seldom anthologized primary works.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An exceptional resource, providing an unusually wide and varied range of texts for each author. This book will be invaluable, giving a breadth of material without equal. An essential work of reference." Nicholas Dent, University of Birmingham

"While the study of modern philosophy has become a rich and exciting field, most texts for the period exactly resemble the texts of 30 years ago. In addition to moving beyond the Meditations and the Monadology to give some sense of the breadth of interests of the moderns, Emmanuel and Goold include a fine selection of nineteenth-century works. This collection should enable students and teachers to reconsider the contours of modern philosophy." Patricia Kitcher, Columbia University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780631214205
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 2/28/2002
  • Series: Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 544
  • Product dimensions: 6.60 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.78 (d)

Meet the Author

Steven M. Emmanuel is Professor of Philosophy at Virginia Wesleyan College. He is author of Kierkegaard and the Concept of Revelation (1996) and editor of The Blackwell Guide to the Modern Philosophers (Blackwell 2001).

Patrick Goold is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Virginia Wesleyan College.

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Table of Contents

Pt. I Rene Descartes (1596-1650)
1 The Treatise on Light 3
Description of a New World (ch. 6) 3
The Laws of Nature of This New World (ch. 7) 4
2 Principles of Philosophy 8
The Principles of Human Knowledge (Part 1) 8
3 The Passions of the Soul 21
The Passions in General (Part 1) 21
Pt. II Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
4 Concerning Body (De Corpore) 35
Of Method (from Part 1, ch. 6) 35
5 The Citizen (De Cive) 40
Of the Causes and First Beginning of Civil Government (Part 2, ch. 5) 40
6 On Man (De Homine) 43
On Speech and Sciences (Bk X) 43
On Appetite and Aversion, Pleasure and Displeasure and Their Causes (Bk XI) 45
On Religion (Bk XIV) 49
Pt. III Benedict de Spinoza (1632-77)
7 Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect 57
Of Method (sects 50-86) 57
8 Ethics 65
On Human Freedom (Part 5) 65
9 A Theologico-Political Treatise 72
Of the Foundations of a State (from ch. 16) 72
On Freedom of Thought and Speech (ch. 20) 75
Pt. IV Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715)
10 The Search After Truth 83
On the Nature of Ideas (Bk 3, Part 2, chs 1-7) 83
11 Treatise on Nature and Grace 97
On the General and Particular Wills (Illustration) 97
12 Dialogues on Metaphysics and on Religion 99
Dialogue VI 99
Pt. V G. W. Leibniz (1646-1716)
13 Meditations on Knowledge, Truth, and Ideas 109
14 On Nature Itself 113
15 The Theodicy 121
A Vindication of God's Justice (from the Appendix) 121
16 The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason 128
Pt. VI John Locke (1632-1704)
17 Essay Concerning Human Understanding 135
Of Ideas in General (Bk II, ch 1, sects 1-5) 135
Of Simple Ideas (ch. 2, sects 1-3) 136
Of the Qualities and Powers of Bodies (ch. 8, sects 7-15) 137
Of Perception (ch. 9, sects 1-15) 138
Of Complex Ideas (ch. 12, sects 1-7) 141
Of the Extent of Human Knowledge (Bk IV, ch. 3, sects 1-6) 142
Of Our Knowledge of the Existence of a God (ch. 10, sects 1-6) 144
18 Of the Conduct of the Understanding 147
Of Truth and Error (sections 42-44) 147
19 A Discourse of Miracles 150
20 The Second Treatise of Government 154
Of the Beginning of Political Societies (ch. 8) 154
Pt. VII George Berkeley (1685-1753)
21 An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision 165
On the Relation Between Objects of Sight and Touch (sects 121-48) 165
22 A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge 171
Argument Against the Existence of Material Substance (sects 17-33) 171
23 Concerning Motion 175
24 Passive Obedience 181
Pt. VIII David Hume (1711-76)
25 An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding 189
Of the Academical or Sceptical Philosophy (sect. 12) 189
26 An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals 196
Concerning Moral Sentiment (Appendix I) 196
27 Of the Original Contract 201
28 The Natural History of Religion 210
Bad Influence of Popular Religions on Morality (sect. 14) 210
General Corollary (sect. 15) 212
Pt. IX Thomas Reid (1710-96)
29 Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man 217
Of Perception (from Essay II) 217
Of Mr. Hume's Skepticism With Regard to Reason (from Essay VII) 220
30 Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind 226
Of Morals (from Essay V) 226
31 Some Observations on the Modern System of Materialism 231
Pt. X Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-88)
32 Discourse on the Arts and the Sciences 239
The Effect of the Arts and Sciences on Moral Development (excerpt) 239
33 A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (Note) 244
34 Emile 248
On Government (from Bk V) 248
35 The Social Contract 254
Civil Religion (ch. 8) 254
Pt. XI Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
36 What Real Progress Has Metaphysics Made in Germany since the Time of Leibniz and Wolff? 261
37 The Metaphysics of Morals (Introduction) 269
Rudimentary Concepts of the Metaphysics of Morals 269
38 Logic 273
Concept of Philosophy in General (from the Introduction) 273
39 On the Relationship of Theory to Practice in Political Right (abridged) 276
40 Lectures on Philosophical Theology 281
The Nature and Certainty of Moral Faith (sect. 2) 281
Pt. XII Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
41 An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation 289
Of the Principle of Utility (ch. 1) 289
42 The Panopticon, or the Inspection-House 293
Plan for a Penitentiary Inspection-House (Letter 2) 293
Extent for a Single Building (Letter 3) 294
Essential Points of the Plan (Letter 5) 296
43 A Fragment on Ontology 298
Introduction; Classification of Entities (ch. 1) 298
44 Essay on Logic 304
Of Exposition by Paraphrasis (sect. 7) 304
45 A Fragment on Government 307
Of the Original Contract (chs 36-41) 307
46 Chrestomathia 310
Sources of Motion (Appendix V) 310
Pt. XIII G. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
47 Who Thinks Abstractly? 317
48 Logic 320
49 Phenomenology of Spirit 328
Introduction (73-89) 328
The Truth of Self-Certainty (166-96) 333
Pt. XIV Soren Kierkegaard (1813-55)
50 Fear and Trembling 345
Is There a Teleological Suspension of the Ethical? (Problema I) 345
51 Purity of Heart Is To Will One Thing 352
Live as an "Individual" (excerpt) 352
52 Practice in Christianity 358
The Halt (from No. I) 358
The Categories of Offense, That Is, of Essential Offense (from No. II) 362
53 The Fatherland 373
Would It Be Best Now to "Stop Ringing the Fire Alarm"? (article XIV) 373
54 The Instant 375
What Says the Fire Chief? (No. 6) 375
When is "the Instant"? (No. 10) 377
Pt. XV Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
55 The World as Will and Representation 381
On Philosophy (from v. I) 381
On the Fundamental View of Idealism (v. II, ch. 1) 384
On the Primacy of the Will in Self-Consciousness (v. II, ch. 19) 392
On Death (v. II, ch. 41) 407
On Philosophy (from v. II) 427
Pt. XVI John Stuart Mill (1806-73)
56 Speech on Perfectibility 431
57 On Democracy 435
58 A System of Logic 438
Of the Ground of Induction (ch. 3, abridged) 438
59 Utilitarianism 441
Of the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility (ch. 3) 441
60 The Utility of Religion 446
The Religion of Humanity (excerpt) 446
Pt. XVII Karl Marx (1818-83)
61 Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts 455
Third Manuscript (excerpt) 455
62 Manifesto of the Communist Party 468
Bourgeois and Proletarians (from ch. 1) 468
63 Capital: A Critique of Political Economy 472
The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof (sect. 4) 472
Pt. XVIII Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
64 Human, All Too Human 483
Man Alone With Himself (excerpt) 483
65 Daybreak (Preface) 487
66 The Gay Science (excerpts) 490
Select Bibliography of Recent Literature 506
Index 508
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