Modern Philosophy - From Descartes to Nietzsche: An Anthology / Edition 1

Modern Philosophy - From Descartes to Nietzsche: An Anthology / Edition 1

by Steven M. Emmanuel
     
 

ISBN-10: 0631214216

ISBN-13: 9780631214212

Pub. Date: 02/25/2002

Publisher: Wiley

Modern Philosophy – From Descartes to Nietzsche: An Anthology features a broad range of selections from important but seldom anthologized works in the philosophy of psychology, natural science, metaphysics, epistemology, morality, politics, and religion. Representative selections from Descartes's work in physics, Berkeley's commentary on

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Overview

Modern Philosophy – From Descartes to Nietzsche: An Anthology features a broad range of selections from important but seldom anthologized works in the philosophy of psychology, natural science, metaphysics, epistemology, morality, politics, and religion. Representative selections from Descartes's work in physics, Berkeley's commentary on morality, Kant's political theory, and Mill's analysis of religion – to name just a few – are placed alongside carefully chosen excerpts from some of their better-known works. The editors have selected these texts in way which places the modern philosophers in direct conversation with each other.

This volume provides an unparalleled offering of primary sources for anyone interested in the history of philosophy and modern political thought. When used alongside The Blackwell Guide to the Modern Philosophers (2001), these volumes provide students of modern philosophy with an ideal combination of primary sources and expert commentary.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780631214212
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
02/25/2002
Series:
Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
544
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.58(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Pt. IRene Descartes (1596-1650)
1The Treatise on Light3
Description of a New World (ch. 6)3
The Laws of Nature of This New World (ch. 7)4
2Principles of Philosophy8
The Principles of Human Knowledge (Part 1)8
3The Passions of the Soul21
The Passions in General (Part 1)21
Pt. IIThomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
4Concerning Body (De Corpore)35
Of Method (from Part 1, ch. 6)35
5The Citizen (De Cive)40
Of the Causes and First Beginning of Civil Government (Part 2, ch. 5)40
6On Man (De Homine)43
On Speech and Sciences (Bk X)43
On Appetite and Aversion, Pleasure and Displeasure and Their Causes (Bk XI)45
On Religion (Bk XIV)49
Pt. IIIBenedict de Spinoza (1632-77)
7Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect57
Of Method (sects 50-86)57
8Ethics65
On Human Freedom (Part 5)65
9A Theologico-Political Treatise72
Of the Foundations of a State (from ch. 16)72
On Freedom of Thought and Speech (ch. 20)75
Pt. IVNicolas Malebranche (1638-1715)
10The Search After Truth83
On the Nature of Ideas (Bk 3, Part 2, chs 1-7)83
11Treatise on Nature and Grace97
On the General and Particular Wills (Illustration)97
12Dialogues on Metaphysics and on Religion99
Dialogue VI99
Pt. VG. W. Leibniz (1646-1716)
13Meditations on Knowledge, Truth, and Ideas109
14On Nature Itself113
15The Theodicy121
A Vindication of God's Justice (from the Appendix)121
16The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason128
Pt. VIJohn Locke (1632-1704)
17Essay Concerning Human Understanding135
Of Ideas in General (Bk II, ch 1, sects 1-5)135
Of Simple Ideas (ch. 2, sects 1-3)136
Of the Qualities and Powers of Bodies (ch. 8, sects 7-15)137
Of Perception (ch. 9, sects 1-15)138
Of Complex Ideas (ch. 12, sects 1-7)141
Of the Extent of Human Knowledge (Bk IV, ch. 3, sects 1-6)142
Of Our Knowledge of the Existence of a God (ch. 10, sects 1-6)144
18Of the Conduct of the Understanding147
Of Truth and Error (sections 42-44)147
19A Discourse of Miracles150
20The Second Treatise of Government154
Of the Beginning of Political Societies (ch. 8)154
Pt. VIIGeorge Berkeley (1685-1753)
21An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision165
On the Relation Between Objects of Sight and Touch (sects 121-48)165
22A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge171
Argument Against the Existence of Material Substance (sects 17-33)171
23Concerning Motion175
24Passive Obedience181
Pt. VIIIDavid Hume (1711-76)
25An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding189
Of the Academical or Sceptical Philosophy (sect. 12)189
26An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals196
Concerning Moral Sentiment (Appendix I)196
27Of the Original Contract201
28The Natural History of Religion210
Bad Influence of Popular Religions on Morality (sect. 14)210
General Corollary (sect. 15)212
Pt. IXThomas Reid (1710-96)
29Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man217
Of Perception (from Essay II)217
Of Mr. Hume's Skepticism With Regard to Reason (from Essay VII)220
30Essays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind226
Of Morals (from Essay V)226
31Some Observations on the Modern System of Materialism231
Pt. XJean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-88)
32Discourse on the Arts and the Sciences239
The Effect of the Arts and Sciences on Moral Development (excerpt)239
33A Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (Note)244
34Emile248
On Government (from Bk V)248
35The Social Contract254
Civil Religion (ch. 8)254
Pt. XIImmanuel Kant (1724-1804)
36What Real Progress Has Metaphysics Made in Germany since the Time of Leibniz and Wolff?261
37The Metaphysics of Morals (Introduction)269
Rudimentary Concepts of the Metaphysics of Morals269
38Logic273
Concept of Philosophy in General (from the Introduction)273
39On the Relationship of Theory to Practice in Political Right (abridged)276
40Lectures on Philosophical Theology281
The Nature and Certainty of Moral Faith (sect. 2)281
Pt. XIIJeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
41An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation289
Of the Principle of Utility (ch. 1)289
42The Panopticon, or the Inspection-House293
Plan for a Penitentiary Inspection-House (Letter 2)293
Extent for a Single Building (Letter 3)294
Essential Points of the Plan (Letter 5)296
43A Fragment on Ontology298
Introduction; Classification of Entities (ch. 1)298
44Essay on Logic304
Of Exposition by Paraphrasis (sect. 7)304
45A Fragment on Government307
Of the Original Contract (chs 36-41)307
46Chrestomathia310
Sources of Motion (Appendix V)310
Pt. XIIIG. W. F. Hegel (1770-1831)
47Who Thinks Abstractly?317
48Logic320
49Phenomenology of Spirit328
Introduction (73-89)328
The Truth of Self-Certainty (166-96)333
Pt. XIVSoren Kierkegaard (1813-55)
50Fear and Trembling345
Is There a Teleological Suspension of the Ethical? (Problema I)345
51Purity of Heart Is To Will One Thing352
Live as an "Individual" (excerpt)352
52Practice in Christianity358
The Halt (from No. I)358
The Categories of Offense, That Is, of Essential Offense (from No. II)362
53The Fatherland373
Would It Be Best Now to "Stop Ringing the Fire Alarm"? (article XIV)373
54The Instant375
What Says the Fire Chief? (No. 6)375
When is "the Instant"? (No. 10)377
Pt. XVArthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)
55The World as Will and Representation381
On Philosophy (from v. I)381
On the Fundamental View of Idealism (v. II, ch. 1)384
On the Primacy of the Will in Self-Consciousness (v. II, ch. 19)392
On Death (v. II, ch. 41)407
On Philosophy (from v. II)427
Pt. XVIJohn Stuart Mill (1806-73)
56Speech on Perfectibility431
57On Democracy435
58A System of Logic438
Of the Ground of Induction (ch. 3, abridged)438
59Utilitarianism441
Of the Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility (ch. 3)441
60The Utility of Religion446
The Religion of Humanity (excerpt)446
Pt. XVIIKarl Marx (1818-83)
61Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts455
Third Manuscript (excerpt)455
62Manifesto of the Communist Party468
Bourgeois and Proletarians (from ch. 1)468
63Capital: A Critique of Political Economy472
The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof (sect. 4)472
Pt. XVIIIFriedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
64Human, All Too Human483
Man Alone With Himself (excerpt)483
65Daybreak (Preface)487
66The Gay Science (excerpts)490
Select Bibliography of Recent Literature506
Index508

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