Modern Raman Spectroscopy: A Practical Approach [NOOK Book]

Overview

For many years the practice of Raman spectroscopy was confined to experts in dedicated academic or industrial research laboratories. The instruments were large, complicated and the experiments quite complex. With advances in modern technology Raman spectrometers can be small, portable and are regularly used by people who are neither specialist spectroscopists nor analysts. This book aims to provide the information necessary to enable new users of Raman spectroscopy to understand and apply the technique correctly ...
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Modern Raman Spectroscopy: A Practical Approach

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Overview

For many years the practice of Raman spectroscopy was confined to experts in dedicated academic or industrial research laboratories. The instruments were large, complicated and the experiments quite complex. With advances in modern technology Raman spectrometers can be small, portable and are regularly used by people who are neither specialist spectroscopists nor analysts. This book aims to provide the information necessary to enable new users of Raman spectroscopy to understand and apply the technique correctly and includes descriptions of the many pitfalls that can be encountered.

The early chapters provide enough basic theory to make a practical interpretation of Raman spectra. The theory is dealt with in more depth in later chapters where the approach is to describe the main equations involved in Raman scattering, concentrating on their meaning and relevance. With this background the much more detailed world is revealed in which aspects of Raman spectroscopy can provide unique information for a limited number of analytical problems. A full mathematical approach to the theory of Raman spectroscopy is outside the scope of this book. For those who stay to the end, the book will provide a firm grounding from which to approach more in depth studies of specific aspects of Raman spectroscopy with appropriate references given.

It is the authors’ hope that those who are just developing or reviving an interest in Raman spectroscopy will very quickly gain a practical understanding from the first two chapters. Furthermore they will be inspired by the elegance and information content of the technique to delve further into the rest of the book, opening up the vast potential of the more sophisticated applications of Raman spectroscopy.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...the book achieves its aims of outlining a very wide range of applications…" (Physical Sciences Educational Reviews, December 2006)

"…a useful starting point for the chemist who is just entering the field…" (Analytical Chemistry, January 1, 2006)

"…everything is here in this highly recommended primer on the subject." (CHOICE, October 2005)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118681329
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/15/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

urban designers, architects, urban planners.
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Table of Contents

Preface.

Acknowledgements.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION, BASIC THEORY AND PRINCIPLES.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Basic Theory.

1.3 Molecular Vibrations.

1.4 Summary.

CHAPTER 2: THE RAMAN EXPERIMENT – RAMAN INSTRUMENTATION, SAMPLE PRESENTATION, DATA HANDLING AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF INTERPRETATION.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Choice of Instrument.

2.3 Visible Excitation.

2.4 NIR Excitation.

2.5 Raman Sample Preparation and Handling.

2.6 Sample Mounting Accessories.

2.7 Microscopy.

2.8 Calibration.

2.9 Data Handling, Manipulation and Quantitation.

2.10 Approach to Qualitative Interpretation.

2.11 Summary.

CHAPTER 3: THE THEORY OF RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY.

3.1 Introduction.

3.2 Absorption and Scattering.

3.3 States of a System and Hooke’s Law.

3.4 The Nature of Polarizability and the Measurement of Polarization.

3.5 The Basic Selection Rule.

3.6 Number and Symmetry of Vibrations.

3.7 Symmetry Elements and Point Groups.

3.8 The Mutual Exclusion Rule.

3.9 The Kramer Heisenberg Dirac Expression.

3.10 Lattice Modes.

3.11 Conclusions.

CHAPTER 4: RESONANCE RAMAN SCATTERING.

4.1 Introduction.

4.2 Theoretical Aspects.

4.3 Practical Aspects.

4.4 Examples of the Use of Resonance Raman Scattering.

4.5 Conclusions.

CHAPTER 5: SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING AND SURFACE-ENHANCED RESONANCE RAMAN SCATTERING.

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Theory.

5.3 Electromagnetic and Charge Transfer Enhancement.

5.4 Selection Rules.

5.5 Applications of SERS.

5.6 Applications of SERRS.

5.7 The Basic Method.

CHAPTER 6: APPLICATIONS.

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 Inorganics and Minerals.

6.3 Art and Archaeology.

6.4 Polymers and Emulsions.

6.5 Colour.

6.6 Electronics Applications.

6.7 Biological and Pharmaceutical Applications.

6.8 Forensic Applications.

6.9 Plant Control and Reaction Following.

6.10 Summary.

CHAPTER 7: MORE ADVANCED RAMAN SCATTERING TECHNIQUES.

7.1 Flexible Optics.

7.2 Tuneable Lasers, Frequency Doubling and Pulsed Lasers.

7.3 Spatially Resolved Systems.

7.4 Nonlinear Raman Spectroscopy.

7.5 Time Resolved Scattering.

7.6 Raman Optical Activity.

7.7 UV Excitation.

7.8 Conclusions.

Index.

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