Modern Sports Ethics: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues Series) [NOOK Book]


An examination of both ethical and unethical behaviors in sports designed to help readers analyze the notion that participating in sports builds character. Is it possible to teach lasting values through sports? With coverage that explores the origins of sports, ethical theories as applied to sports, and key moral issues affecting sports throughout history to the present day, Modern Sports Ethics: A Reference Handbook surveys the realm of athletics and its potential as an arena ...

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Modern Sports Ethics: A Reference Handbook (Contemporary World Issues Series)

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An examination of both ethical and unethical behaviors in sports designed to help readers analyze the notion that participating in sports builds character. Is it possible to teach lasting values through sports? With coverage that explores the origins of sports, ethical theories as applied to sports, and key moral issues affecting sports throughout history to the present day, Modern Sports Ethics: A Reference Handbook surveys the realm of athletics and its potential as an arena for character development.

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Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Ethics, at its most basic, is the difference between right and wrong, specifically, how to do the former and avoid the latter. This fork in the road, so to speak, is especially problematic as it pertains to modern-day sports; the mantra of "Winning isn't everything, it's the only thing" is apparent even in amateur games. At the professional level, competitive pressure is compounded by the lure of big money, which virtually ensures that ethical lapses occur with dismaying frequency. To find our way out of this moral maze requires some guideposts, one of which is this title. Lumpkin (Sport Ethics: Applications for Fair Play) points out in the preface that the object of this compact volume is to stress that "sportsmanship, respect for the game, fair play, and making morally reasoned decisions [are] essential to ensuring that positive values and character will be taught, learned and demonstrated." A noble and worthy goal, to be sure, and one that is very well laid out in the pages that follow. The material is arranged in eight chapters, which cover such areas as the philosophical underpinnings of the sports/ethics connection, specific ethical issues, as reflected in "Cheating" and "Winning as the only measure of success," and a refreshing look at those who placed principals before trophies. Especially helpful to researchers will be Chapter 7, which provides a brief description of the entity, contact information, web sites, etc., and Chapter 8, "Print and Non-Print Resources," which is an annotated bibliography of books, DVDs, web sites, and other appropriate sources of sports ethics material. BOTTOM LINE A one-stop shop for basic facts about the dos and don'ts of track and field andbeyond, this book is well written, accessible, and affordable, packing a lot of stuff in a small package. Highly recommended for public libraries; essential for academic libraries as institutions of higher learning of almost any size these days have an athletic presence on campus.—Michael F. Bemis, Washington Cty. Lib., Woodbury, MN
School Library Journal
Gr 9 Up—A wide-ranging, rather diffuse survey of ethics in sports, past and present. The title is somewhat misleading, as much of the book is devoted to a historical treatment of the subject. There is an excellent examination of the various controversies that have plagued the Olympics throughout its history, for example, but researchers interested in contemporary issues may find this sort of discussion irrelevant. They are also likely to view as irrelevant the author's superficial attempt to apply such ethical theories as utilitarianism, situational ethics, and nonconsequential Kantian theory to particular moral questions. The book's value as a research tool is compromised by such unsubstantiated assertions as "Most males perceived Title IX as a threat to the status quo of having control over all the money, facilities, and benefits associated with sport." While the book's scholarly apparatus is substantial, the author fails to provide citations for some of the examples most likely to be of interest to students, such as her statement that, "It was reported that members of one men's basketball team that won the NCAA Division I championship did not attend any classes during their postseason play for an entire month." Reported when, readers may well ask. By whom? About whom? Libraries that own Robert L. Simon's Fair Play: The Ethics of Sport (Westview) or Sport Ethics (Thompson, both 2003) by David C. Malloy, Saul Ross, and Dwight Harry Zakus will probably want to pass on this one.—Richard Luzer, Fair Haven Union High School, VT
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598841985
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/8/2009
  • Series: Contemporary World Issues Series
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 2 MB

Table of Contents

List of Tables xi

List of Figures xiii

Preface xv

1 Background and History 1

Brief Origin of Sport 1

What Is Ethics? 3

Ethical Theories 4

Moral Reasoning 7

Brief Historical Context for Amateur Sport and Character Development 8

Athletics in Educational Institutions 11

Morals vs. Winning 14

Taunting and Intimidation 14

Violence 16

Eligibility 17

Elimination 19

Cheating 19

Gambling 20

Performance-Enhancing Drugs 21

Moral Callousness 21

Synergy between Character Development and Sport 22

Steps in Character Development 25

Successful Programs That Help Develop Moral Values and Character 27

Resolving Ethical Dilemmas 27

Conclusion 29

References 29

2 Problems, Controversies, and Solutions 33

Controversies and Problems across All Levels of Sport 34

Has Winning in Sports Become Too Important? 35

Cheating 37

Gamesmanship and Violence 40

Discriminatory Actions and Societal Factors 45

Performance-Enhancing Drugs 50

Youth Sport 53

Problems and Controversies in Youth Sports 53

Fun 54

Learning Sport Skills 55

Winning as the Only Measure of Success 56

Teaching Values in Youth Sports 58

Interscholastic Sport 59

Problems and Controversies in Interscholastic Sport 60

Academics 60

Eligibility 62

Conduct 63

Emphasis on Winning 64

Teaching Values in Interscholastic Sports 65

Intercollegiate Athletics 65

Recruiting 66

Academics 69

Commercialism 73

Proposed Reforms and Teaching Values in Intercollegiate Athletics 77

Conclusion 79

References 80

3 Worldwide Perspective 81

Amateurism in the Olympic Games 82

Nationalism and Politics in the Olympic Games 84

Racism and Human Rights in the Olympic Games88

Racism in International Sports 89

Females in the Olympic Games 91

Sexism in International Sports 93

Bidding Scandals in the Olympic Games 94

Unethical Behavior among Officials in the Olympic Games 96

Use of Performance-Enhancing Drugs by Athletes in the Olympic Games 99

Doping Scandals in International Cycling 103

Gamesmanship and Cheating in International Sports 104

Gambling and Fixing Outcomes in International Sports 106

Codes of Ethics 108

Examples of Sportsmanship in the Olympic Games 109

References 110

4 Chronology 113

Examples of Unethical Behaviors in Sport 114

Examples of Ethical Behaviors in Sport 128

5 Biographical Sketches 135

Arthur Robert Ashe Jr. 135

Margaret Ann (Peggy) Kirk Bell 136

William (Bill) Warren Bradley 137

Avery Brundage 138

Walter Byers 139

Ken Carter 139

Roberto Clemente 140

Anita Luceete DeFrantz 141

Jean Driscoll 142

Joe Dumars III 142

Anthony (Tony) Kevin Dungy 143

Joe Ehrmann 144

Fred Engh 144

Henry Louis (Lou) Gehrig 145

Grant Henry Hill 145

Michael Terrence (Terry) Holland 146

Robert (Bobby) Tyre Jones Jr. 147

Johann Olav Koss 148

Michael (Mike) William Krzyzewski 148

Richard Lapchick 149

Dale Bryan Murphy 150

Dikembe Mutombo 151

James Naismith 151

Alan Cedric Page 152

Jack (Jackie) Roosevelt Robinson 153

Arthur (Art) Joseph Rooney Sr. 154

Wilma Glodean Rudolph 154

Dean Edwards Smith 155

Dawn Michelle Staley 156

Sharon Kay Stoll 156

Charlene Vivian (Stoner) Stringer 157

Jim Thompson 158

LeRoy Walker 158

Hazel Virginia (Hotchkiss) Wightman 159

John Wooden 160

6 Data and Documents 163

Youth Sport 163

Honor the Game 164

Interscholastic Sports 170

Extracurricular Physical Activity Programs 171

Arizona Sports Summit Accord 173

Females in Sports 177

Excerpts from "A Call to Action" from the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics 191

Race and Ethnicity 195

Olympic Sports 201

Conclusion 208

7 Directory of Organizations 211

United States Olympic Committee and the National Governing Body for Each Sport 212

Summer Sports 212

Winter Sports 224

Non-Olympic Sports with National Governing Bodies 227

Single-Sport Organizations 229

Multi-Sport Organizations 235

Sport-Affiliated Organizations 240

Professional Sport Organizations 247

8 Print and Nonprint Resources 253

Print Resources 253

Ethical Issues in Sport for All 253

Ethical Issues in Youth Sport 260

Ethical Issues in Interscholastic Sport 265

Ethical Issues in Intercollegiate Sport 270

Ethical Issues in International Sport 277

Nonprint Resources 282

Ethical Issues in Sport for All 282

Ethical Issues in Youth Sport 285

Ethical Issues in Interscholastic Sport 288

Ethical Issues in Intercollegiate Sport 291

Ethical Issues in International Sport 293

Glossary 297

Index 303

About the Author 329

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