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Modern Trends in Islamic Theological Discourse in 20th Century Indonesia: A Critical Survey
     

Modern Trends in Islamic Theological Discourse in 20th Century Indonesia: A Critical Survey

by Fauzan Saleh
 

ISBN-10: 9004123059

ISBN-13: 9789004123052

Pub. Date: 09/26/2001

Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.

Aiming to trace the development of Islamic theological discourse in Indonesia from the early 1900s to the end of the 20th century, the author focusses on how modernist Muslims have constructed their theological thought throughout the century, which, in turn, reflects their religious understanding in response to the particular demands of their age. The theological

Overview

Aiming to trace the development of Islamic theological discourse in Indonesia from the early 1900s to the end of the 20th century, the author focusses on how modernist Muslims have constructed their theological thought throughout the century, which, in turn, reflects their religious understanding in response to the particular demands of their age. The theological thought constructed so far signifies a continuum of progress, developing from one stage to the next. Implicitly, this progress also indicates the improvement of Indonesian Muslims’ understanding of their own religion, which may suggest the betterment of their commitment to doctrinal beliefs and religious practices. Therefore, this study will also examine the ways in which Indonesian Islam noticeably grows more orthodox through these forms of religious commitment. Drawing upon an Indonesian term, the growth of orthodox Islam is known as the santri cultural expansion, which has been characterized by the vertical and horizontal mobility of devout Muslims in political, cultural and economic enterprises. A discussion of the theological thought underlying that santri cultural expansion is also included.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9789004123052
Publisher:
Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
09/26/2001
Series:
Social, Economic and Political Studies of the Middle East and Asia Series , #79
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.74(w) x 9.70(h) x 1.12(d)

Table of Contents

Notes on TransliterationVII
AcknowledgementsIX
PrefaceXIII
Introduction1
Chapter I.Islam in Indonesia Prior to the Advance of the Reform Movement17
A.General Considerations17
B.The Attitude toward "Pure" Islamic Religious Belief and Practice24
C.The Dutch Authorities and the Spread of Islam29
D.Retrospective39
Chapter II.Redefining Islamic Orthodoxy in the Indonesian Context46
A.Islamic Orthodoxy: An Overview46
B.Sunnism as Orthodox Islam61
C.Orthodox Islam in Indonesia: Attachment to Sunnism67
D.The Muhammadiyah and the Ahl al-Sunnah75
E.NU and Muhammadiyah: Some Mutual Criticisms85
F.The Ahl al-Sunnah: Another Perspective91
G.Islamic Orthodoxy in Indonesia: Santri versus Abangan96
Chapter III.Reconstructing a Theological Discourse: The Reformist Attempts to Sustain Orthodox Beliefs105
A.The Pillars of Belief in the Muhammadiyah109
B.K.H. Mas Mansoer: Purifying Muslims' Belief120
C.Persatuan Islam: The Fundamental Beliefs136
D.The Belief in al-Qada' and al-Qadar: A New Development154
E.The Social Dimension of Tawhid: A Further Development175
Chapter IV.The Current Islamic Theological Discourse: Mu`tazilism and Neo-Modernism196
A.Harun Nasution: Toward Islamic Rationalism197
1.Nasution's Academic Stature and Theological Approach200
2.Nasution's Presentation of Mu`tazilism208
3.Mu`in and Hanafi on Mu`tazilism218
4.Retrospective230
B.Nurcholish Madjid: Cultural Islam240
1.His Cultural and Scholarly Background240
2.To Put Islam in an Agreeable Position248
3.Indonesian Islam and the Idea of Egalitarianism and Pluralism256
4.Islamic Pluralism and Modern Life272
Conclusion308
Bibliography310
Index333

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