"The Battle in the Sound between the Dutch and Swedish Fleets in 1658," by Willem van de Velde, the Elder. Van de Velde was a leading painter of marine life who was given a ship in 1630 by the States of Holland in order to observe and paint sea battles. By 1665, when he painted this grisaille, he had moved to England and was working for Charles II.
Audience: Undergraduate, and graduate students studying economics.
Crisis of the Seventeenth Century?
Dutch Hegemony in the World-Economy.
Struggle in the Core--Phase I 1651-1689.
Peripheries in an Era of Slow Growth.
Semiperipheries at the Crossroads.
Struggle in the Core--Phase II 1689-1763.