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This book is intended for scholars and students in humanities, history, Jewish studies, philosophy, Christian theology, and for those concerned with the roots of anti-Semitism and with the need for toleration and intercultural pluralism. The book combines the development of German philosophy from the Enlightenment to Idealism, and from Idealism to the revolutionary turning-point of the mid-nineteenth century with the Jewish question.
Introduction. 1. Prejudices and the philosophy of history. 2. The question of assimilation and the starting point of the study. 3. Our investigation.
One: Reason, Humanity and Religions. 1. 'True' religion and positive religions: Mendelssohn and Lavater. 2. Emancipation, toleration and faith: Mendelssohn, Hamann and Jacobi. 3. The redimensioning of Enlightenment: dialogue between Wizenmann and Kant.
Two: Christianity, People and Nations. 1. Liberty, morality and the state: Fichte. 2. Baptism and nationality. Schleiermacher and David Friedländer. 3. Popular religion and reason: the first writings of Hegel at Tübingen and Bern. 4. The fate of Judaism: the writings of Hegel at Frankfurt and Jena. 5. The Sublime and the election of a people: the Berlin Lessons. 6. The impossible conciliation: Fries.
Three: Atheism, Progress and Revolution. 1. Judaism and myths: Schelling and Strauss. 2. Self-consciousness and social emancipation: Bruno Bauer and Karl Marx. 3. Alienation, monotheism and humanism: Feuerbach, Daumer and Ghillany. 4. Jewish Humanism and Messianism: Gotthold Salomon and Moses Hess.
Index of subjects. Index of names.