Modernization, Democracy, and Islam / Edition 1

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The Islamic world has a poor record in terms of modernization and democracy. However, the source of this situation is not religion - Islam - but factors including colonialism, international economic and trading systems, and the role of military among others. Recognizing these themes allows the consideration of possible remedies for change in the Muslim world.

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Editorial Reviews

Foreign Affairs
This book may mark a transition in scholarly usage: 7 of the 19 articles collected here use both "modernization" and "democracy" (or "democratization") in their title, and one entire section of five articles is entitled "Factors Influencing Modernization and the Development of Democracy." In any case, a book with the tripartite title Modernization, Democracy, and Islam may be said to cover all bases, and it does just that. The quality articles treat such diverse subjects as the econometric dimension, the role of the military, comparisons between the Middle East and Latin America, and gender inequality. There are also several abstract takes, and the final section contains seven country or regional case studies, ranging from sub-Saharan Africa to Indonesia, reflecting the growing tendency to treat not the Middle East alone but the entire Muslim world. An effort to tie all this together is made by Hunter in her very short "Conclusion and Suggested Readings," but most readers will probably pick and choose. They may well decide to choose many.
From the Publisher
"[A] book with the tripartite title Modernization, Democracy, and Islam may be said to cover all bases, and it does just that. The quality articles treat such diverse subjects as the econometric dimension, the role of the military, comparisons between the Middle East and Latin America, and gender inequality."


Foreign Affairs

"Recommended. General readers, secondary school students, and lower-division undergraduates."



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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275985301
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/30/2005
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 376
  • Sales rank: 1,533,965
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.78 (d)

Meet the Author

SHIREEN T. HUNTER is Director of the Islam Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Her areas of expertise include the Middle East--especially the Persian Gulf region--and Islam--particularly in Russia, Europe, and the United States. She is the author of The Future of Islam and the West: Clash of Civilizations or Peaceful Coexistence? (CSIS/Praeger, 1998) and editor of Islam: Europe's Second Religion (Praeger, 2002).

HUMA MALIK is a fellow in the CSIS Islam Program. Her research focuses on ethnic and sectarian conflicts in South Asia. She is the co-editor of two reports for CSIS, Islam in Europe and the United States: A Comparative Perspective and Integrating Muslim Communities in Europe and the United States (2003).

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Culture and development 21
3 Responses to modernization : Muslim experience in a comparative perspective 35
4 Development and democracy : the Muslim world in a comparative perspective 52
5 Islam and modernity : are they compatible? 65
6 Islam and democracy : is modernization a barrier? 82
7 Is gender inequality in Muslim societies a barrier to modernization and democratization? 98
8 The role of the military 117
9 Lessons from Latin America for the Muslim world 133
10 The political geography of the Arab private sector 146
11 Systemic factors and economic development in Islamic countries 162
12 The Muslim world's poor record of modernization and democratization : the interplay of external and internal factors 186
13 Arab liberal legacies full circle 205
14 Hindrances to democracy and modernization in Indonesia 221
15 Malaysia's path to modernization and democratization 235
16 Islam, modernization, and democratization : the case of Iran 253
17 A secular democracy in the Muslim world : the Turkish model 277
18 Central Asia and Azerbaijan 293
19 The roots of sub-Saharan Africa's modernization and democratization dilemmas 310
Conclusion and suggested remedies 327
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