Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

by Valentine M. Moghadam
     
 

ISBN-10: 1555873545

ISBN-13: 9781555873547

Pub. Date: 01/28/1993

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.

Including North Africa in her study, Moghadan (women's studies and sociology, Illinois State U.) looks at the impact of social change on women's legal status, their social positions, and constructions of gender from a sociological perspective. She insists that, contrary to many superficial accounts, women's lives are not solely determined by religion, but are also

Overview

Including North Africa in her study, Moghadan (women's studies and sociology, Illinois State U.) looks at the impact of social change on women's legal status, their social positions, and constructions of gender from a sociological perspective. She insists that, contrary to many superficial accounts, women's lives are not solely determined by religion, but are also heavily impacted by economic development, the state, class location, patriarchy, and the world system. The bulk of the work looks at the Middle East and North Africa, but a couple of individual chapters are devoted to Afghanistan and Iran. This new edition has been updated to take into account events of the past 10 years. Annotation ©2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781555873547
Publisher:
Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
01/28/1993
Series:
Women and Change in the Developing World
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
290

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsix
Prefacexi
Note on Transliteration and the Iranian Calendarxv
1Recasting the Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistan1
Debating the Status of Muslim Women3
Assessing Women's Status6
Diversity in the Middle East10
A Framework for Analysis: Gender, Class, the State, Development14
Social Changes and Women in the Middle East19
2Economic Development, State Policy, and Women's Employment33
The Internationalization of Capital and the Middle East36
Oil, Liberalization, and Women's Employment38
Industrialization and Female Proletarianization41
Characteristics of the Female Labor Force48
State Policies and Women's Status: Some Cases55
Development, Work, and Women's Empowerment67
Conclusion70
3Reforms, Revolutions, and "the Woman Question"79
Gendering Revolutions82
The Kemalist Revolution in Turkey90
National Liberation, Revolution, and Gender in Algeria93
The People's Democratic Republic of Yemen95
Revolution, Islamization, and Women in Iran98
Afghanistan: The Saur Revolution and Women's Rights101
Revolution, State Building, and Women104
4Patriarchy and the Changing Family113
Patriarchal Society and Family118
Family Structure in the Middle East124
Neopatriarchal States and Personal Status Laws126
The Demographic Transition and Changes in Fertility Behavior131
Education and Women's Empowerment135
Conclusion142
5Islamist Movements and Women's Responses151
Causes and Social Bases of Islamist Movements152
Gharbzadegi: Problematics of Class and Gender158
States and Islamist Movements161
Personal Status Laws and the Control of Women162
Women and Islamist Movements: Some Cases168
Conclusion: Women's Responses to Islamist Movements184
6Iran: From Islamization to Islamic Feminism--and Beyond?193
Gender Ideology and Policies193
The Decline of Women's Status in the 1980s202
Liberalization and Policy Shifts in the 1990s210
Women in the Labor Force: Still Marginalized211
The Emergence of Islamic Feminism215
Conclusion: Religious State, Secular Society?221
7Afghanistan: Revolution, Reaction, and Attempted Reconstruction227
Afghan Social Structure and Its Implications for Women228
A Prototype of the Weak State234
Early Reforms Concerning Women236
Characteristics of Afghan Patriarchy241
The DRA and Women's Rights244
Internationalized Civil Conflict249
From Revolution to Reconciliation251
Social Organizations and Social Services253
Women in the Refugee Camps259
Gender Shock: Life Under Islamist Rule264
Toward Reconstruction, Development, and Women's Rights267
Conclusion270
8All That Is Solid Melts into Air ...277
Engendering Citizenship, Feminizing Civil Society279
Women in Movement: Claims and Gains285
Conclusion294
List of Acronyms299
Selected Bibliography301
Index307
About the Book325

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