Modification Of The Innate Immune Response During Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Overview

Lentiviruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) have successfully evolved to both use and subvert the host innate and adaptive immune responses to establish long-term infections. Investigation into the mechanisms lentiviruses use to overcome host immune response allows the development of potential therapies and elucidates the intricacies of the immune response. Dendritic cells are professional antigen presenting cells that are intricately involved in innate ...
See more details below
This Paperback is Not Available through BN.com
Sending request ...

More About This Book

Overview

Lentiviruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) have successfully evolved to both use and subvert the host innate and adaptive immune responses to establish long-term infections. Investigation into the mechanisms lentiviruses use to overcome host immune response allows the development of potential therapies and elucidates the intricacies of the immune response. Dendritic cells are professional antigen presenting cells that are intricately involved in innate immune responses and in coordinating the adaptive immune response. However, these same cells have been implicated in initial lentiviral infection, transfer of infection to other cells of the immune system, and alteration of the immune response to allow chronic and progressive infection of the host. To better understand the effects of lentiviral infection on myeloid dendritic cells (mDC), we used the FIV model and bone marrow-derived mDC to evaluate differences in growth, phenotype, and function. We found that chronic FIV infection did not affect mDC growth in culture, phenotype, or maturation as assessed by CD11c, MHC class II, CD80, and CD1a and ability to uptake dextran particles. However, mDC from FIV-infected cats were found to have significantly decreased ability to stimulate proliferation of allogeneic CD4+ T cells in the mixed leukocyte reaction. To begin a mechanistic examination of FIV-induced alteration of mDC function, we examined cytokine responses to Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands and CD40L. We documented changes in the ratio of the immunoregulatory cytokines IL12 and IL10 in response to select TLR ligands and CD40L, which could result in impaired immune responses, impaired T cell interactions, and enhanced viral survival. Having identified alterations in DC function with FIV infection, we attempted to augment the antiviral effects of mDC by supplementing IL-12 levels in vivo using an adenoviral vector. Consistent with the known complexity of the immune response, increased IL12 levels proved toxic and thereby failed to be a viable means of enhancing the innate immune response to lentiviral infection. Our research documents functional changes induced in bone marrow-derived mDC by chronic FIV infection and provides a means of further investigation into the development, mechanisms, and therapies for those changes.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781243591272
  • Publisher: BiblioLabsII
  • Publication date: 9/3/2011
  • Pages: 160
  • Product dimensions: 7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 0.34 (d)

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)