Molecular Biomineralization: Aquatic Organisms Forming Extraordinary Materials

Molecular Biomineralization: Aquatic Organisms Forming Extraordinary Materials

by Werner E G Muller
     
 

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The concept of ‘biomineralization’ signifies mineralization processes that take place in close association with organic molecules or matrices. The awareness that mineral formation can be guided by organic molecules notably contributed to the understanding of the formation of the inorganic skeletons of living organisms. Modern electron microscopic and…  See more details below

Overview

The concept of ‘biomineralization’ signifies mineralization processes that take place in close association with organic molecules or matrices. The awareness that mineral formation can be guided by organic molecules notably contributed to the understanding of the formation of the inorganic skeletons of living organisms. Modern electron microscopic and spectroscopic analyses have successfully demonstrated the participation of biological systems in several mineralization processes, and prominent examples include the formation of bio-silica in diatoms and sponges. This insight has already made the application of recombinant technology for the production of valuable inorganic polymers, such as bio-silica, possible. This polymer can be formed by silicatein under conditions that cannot be matched by chemical means. Similarly, the efforts described in this book have elucidated that certain organisms, bacteria in deep-sea polymetallic nodules and coccoliths in seamount crusts, are involved in the deposition of marine minerals. Strategies have already been developed to utilize such microorganisms for the biosynthesis and bioleaching of marine deposits. Moreover, studies reveal that bio-polymers enhance the hydroxyapatite formation of bone-forming cells and alter the expression of important regulators of bone resorption, suggesting a potential for bone regeneration and treatment / prevention of osteoporosis.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783642212291
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
08/31/2011
Series:
Progress in Molecular and Subcellular Biology / Marine Molecular Biotechnology Series, #52
Edition description:
2011
Pages:
404
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.04(d)

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