Monitoring Forest Biodiversity: Improving Conservation through Ecologically-Responsible Management

Monitoring Forest Biodiversity: Improving Conservation through Ecologically-Responsible Management

by Toby Gardner
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 1844076547

ISBN-13: 9781844076543

Pub. Date: 07/28/2010

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

The fate of much of the world's terrestrial biodiversity depends upon our ability to improve the management of forest ecosystems that have already been substantially modified by humans. Monitoring is an essential ingredient in meeting this challenge, allowing us to measure the impact of different human activities on biodiversity and identify more responsible ways

Overview

The fate of much of the world's terrestrial biodiversity depends upon our ability to improve the management of forest ecosystems that have already been substantially modified by humans. Monitoring is an essential ingredient in meeting this challenge, allowing us to measure the impact of different human activities on biodiversity and identify more responsible ways of managing the environment. Nevertheless many biodiversity monitoring programs are criticised as being little more than 'tick the box' compliance exercises that waste precious resources and erode the credibility of science in the eyes of decision makers and conservation investors. The purpose of this book is to examine the factors that make biodiversity monitoring programs fail or succeed.

The first two sections lay out the context and importance of biodiversity monitoring, and shed light on some of the key challenges that have confounded many efforts to date. The third and main section presents an operational framework for developing monitoring programs that have the potential to make a meaningful contribution to forest management. Discussion covers the scoping, design and implementation stages of a forest biodiversity monitoring program, including defining the purpose, goals and objectives of monitoring, indicator selection, and the process of data collection, analysis and interpretation. Underpinning the book is the belief that biodiversity monitoring should be viewed not as a stand-alone exercise in surveillance but rather as an explicit mechanism for learning about how to improve opportunities for conservation. To be successful in this task, monitoring needs to be grounded in clear goals and objectives, effective in generating reliable assessments of changes in biodiversity and realistic in light of real-world financial, logistical and social constraints.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781844076543
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
07/28/2010
Series:
Earthscan Forest Library Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
390
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes ix

Foreword xvii

Acknowledgements xix

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xx

Introduction xxi

Purpose of this book: How can monitoring contribute to forest biodiversity conservation?

Structure and scope of the book

Part I The Context of Monitoring Forest Biodiversity

1 Biodiversity Conservation in Human-modified and Managed Forests 1

Biodiversity in logged forests

Biodiversity in regenerating forests

Biodiversity in agroforestry systems

Biodiversity in tree plantations

An ecosystem approach to forest conservation

2 The Origins and Development of Ecologically Responsible Forest Management 17

The origins of sustainable forest management (SFM)

Sustainable forest management as a guiding vision versus a measurable standard

Criteria and indicators in forest management

3 The Need for Forest Biodiversity Monitoring 33

Scientific uncertainty and biodiversity conservation in human-modified forest ecosystems

The purpose of biodiversity monitoring as a guide to management

4 A Typology of Approaches and Indicators for Monitoring Forest Biodiversity 41

Monitoring approaches

Monitoring indicators

Part II Challenges Facing Forest Biodiversity Monitoring

5 Challenges to Monitoring: Problems of Purpose 57

The challenge of setting conservation goals and objectives as a basis for management and monitoring

A growing crisis of credibility in the value and purpose of monitoring

The importance of definitions and terminology to provide clarity of purpose

6 Challenges to Monitoring: Problems of Design 67

The challenge of selecting appropriate indicators for biodiversity monitoring

Setting management objectives and interpreting indicator change in biodiversity monitoring programmes

7 Challenges to Monitoring: Problems of Reality 89

Adaptive forest management

Challenges to monitoring from governance and regulatory institutions Cultural challenges to monitoring

Part III An Operational Framework for Monitoring Forest Biodiversity

8 Clarifying Purpose: An Operational Framework for Monitoring Forest Biodiversity 99

Understanding the role of different monitoring approaches in forest management

Understanding the role of different indicators in the monitoring process

Bringing it all together: Implementing an operational framework for biodiversity monitoring as a guide to responsible forest management

9 Setting Conservation Goals for Biodiversity Monitoring 113

Stakeholders and the value of biodiversity

Managing to conserve species and maintain ecological integrity

Selecting indicators to validate changes in forest condition

Selecting a reference condition to guide forest biodiversity monitoring

10 Setting Objectives for Biodiversity Monitoring 125

Biodiversity conservation research and monitoring in modified forest systems: An assessment of work to date

Selecting high priority research objectives for biodiversity monitoring

11 Selecting Indicators of Forest Structure to Assess Management Performance 149

Indicators of forest structure at the stand scale

Indicators of forest structure at the landscape scale

Selecting forest structural indicators

Bringing it all together: a general framework for selecting structural indicators

12 Selecting Biological Indicators and Target Species to Evaluate Progress Towards Conservation Goals 171

A framework for selecting ecological disturbance indicator groups

The contribution of individual target species to biodiversity monitoring

13 Making Assumptions Explicit: The Value of Conceptual Modelling in Biodiversity Monitoring 199

Distinguishing the role of conceptual frameworks and models in biodiversity monitoring

The value of conceptual models in articulating cause-effect relationships for biodiversity monitoring programmes

Building conceptual models for biodiversity monitoring

A summary of the role of conceptual models in biodiversity monitoring

14 Sampling Design and Data Collection in Biodiversity Monitoring 223

Step 1 Clarify the research objective

Step 2 Clarify the spatial and temporal scope

Step 3 Think about experimental design

Step 4 Think about confounding factors

Step 5 Specify independent sample units

Step 6 Select appropriate variables for measuring change in biological indicators and target species

Step 7 Select additional environmental variables

Step 8 Select sampling method(s)

Step 9 Decide on an appropriate level of independent sample replication

Step 10 Decide on an appropriate level of sub-sampling

Step 11 Evaluate whether the time-frame available for monitoring is adequate

Step 12 Evaluate whether necessary resources and expertise are available

Step 13 Think hard about how to analyse the data before it is collected

Step 14 Preserve data integrity through careful recording and storage

Step 15 Be prepared to adapt

15 Analysis and Interpretation of Biodiversity Data 257

Describing biodiversity

Detecting change and assessing management performance

Evaluating change and validating management performance

Analysing biodiversity data in context: The importance of multiple management objectives and trade-offs

16 Putting Forest Biodiversity Monitoring to Work 291

The importance of people

Making biodiversity monitoring programmes viable and effective in the long term

The way ahead

Index 351

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >