The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making: Sustainability, Democracy, and Normative Argument in Policy and Law

The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making: Sustainability, Democracy, and Normative Argument in Policy and Law

by John Martin Gillroy
     
 

ISBN-10: 082232850X

ISBN-13: 9780822328506

Pub. Date: 06/17/2002

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

In The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making a group of prominent environmental ethicists, policy analysts, political theorists, and legal experts challenges the dominating influence of market principles and assumptions on the formulation of environmental policy. Emphasizing the concept of sustainability and the centrality of moral deliberation…  See more details below

Overview

In The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making a group of prominent environmental ethicists, policy analysts, political theorists, and legal experts challenges the dominating influence of market principles and assumptions on the formulation of environmental policy. Emphasizing the concept of sustainability and the centrality of moral deliberation to democracy, they examine the possibilities for a wider variety of moral principles to play an active role in defining "good" environmental decisions. If environmental policy is to be responsible to humanity and to nature in the twenty-first century, they argue, it is imperative that the discourse acknowledge and integrate additional normative assumptions and principles other than those endorsed by the market paradigm.

The contributors search for these assumptions and principles in short arguments and debates over the role of science, social justice, instrumental value, and intrinsic value in contemporary environmental policy. In their discussion of moral alternatives to enrich environmental decision making and in their search for a less austere and more robust role for normative discourse in practical policy making, they analyze a series of original case studies that deal with environmental sustainability and natural resources policy including pollution, land use, environmental law, globalism, and public lands. The unique structure of the book-which features the core contributors responding in a discourse format to the central chapters' essays and debates-helps to highlight the role personal and public values play in democratic decision making generally and in the field of environmental politics specifically. The Moral Austerity of Environmental Decision Making will be a valuable resource for policy analysts and theorists alike, as well as for students in public policy, philosophy, political theory, and environmental law, policy, and ethics.

Contributors. Joe Bowersox, David Brower, Susan Buck, Celia Campbell-Mohn, John Martin Gillroy, Joel Kassiola, Jan Laitos, William Lowry, Bryan Norton, Robert Paehlke, Barry G. Rabe, Mark Sagoff, Anna K. Schwab, Bob Pepperman Taylor, Jonathan Wiener

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822328506
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
06/17/2002
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Figures and Tables
Preface
Introduction: The Roots of Moral Austerity in Environmental Policy Discourse1
Pt. IMoral Principles and Environmental Policy: Basic Issues and Dilemmas
Issue 1Science as a Substitute for Moral Principle?
Science as a Substitute for Moral Principle25
Science Is No Substitute for Moral Principle30
Issue 2Environmental Justice without Social Justice?
Why Environmental Thought and Action Must Include Considerations of Social Justice37
Environmental Justice: Private Preference or Public Necessity?43
Issue 3Nature Has Only an Instrumental Value
Sustainability: Descriptive or Performative?51
Are Environmental Values All Instrumental?62
Issue 4Intrinsic Value Implies NO Use and a Threat to Democratic Governance
A Practical Concept of Nature's Intrinsic Value72
On Intrinsic Value and Environmental Ethics79
Pt. IICase Studies in Sustainable Environmental Policy and Law
The Subnational Role in Sustainable Development: Lessons from American States and Canadian Provinces91
Sustainable Development and Natural Hazards Mitigation115
Sustainable Governance131
Sustainability in the United States: Legal Tools and Initiatives145
Sustainable Development and the Use of Public Lands161
The Impact of Political Institutions on Preservation of U.S. and Canadian National Parks176
Global Environmental Accountability: The Missing Link in the Pursuit of Sustainable Development?194
Pt. IIIMoral Principles and Sustainable Environmental Policy: An Analysis of Ends and Means
Issue 1Science and Sustainability
Sustainability, Sustainable Development, and Values212
Saving All the Parts: Science and Sustainability219
Issue 2Environmental Policy, Sustainability, and Social Justice
Why Environmental Public Policy Analysis Must Include Explicit Normative Considerations: Reflections on Seven Illustrations236
Sustainability and Environmental Justice: A Necessary Connection247
Issue 3Sustainable Environment as an Instrumental Value?
The Hedgehog, the Fox, and the Environment262
Why Not Foxy Hedgehogs?276
Issue 4A Sustainable Environment as an Intrinsic Value?
Sustainability: Restricting the Policy Debate291
Comments on Sustainability301
Conclusion: Democratic Competence, Accountability, and Education in the Twenty-first Century314
Notes341
References351
Contributors375
Index377

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