Morality and the Good Life: An Introduction to Ethics Through Classical Sources / Edition 5

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The premise of this ethical theory anthology is that the study of ethics represents, above all else, participation in the thinking of a long tradition of philosophers. Organized historically by philosopher, the book provides an introductory chapter on ethical concepts and helpful commentary and study questions throughout the reading selections. Morality and the Good Life is substantial enough for a full course in ethics, but it is concise enough to allow the instructor time to include other approaches in addition to the classic texts and materials presented in this volume.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073407425
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 12/9/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 935,231
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Robert C. Solomon is Quincy Lee Centennial Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Michigan and has taught at Princeton University, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of California. He is the author of FROM RATIONALISM TO EXISTENTIALISM (Harper & Row, 1972), THE PASSIONS (Doubleday, 1976), IN THE SPIRIT OF HEGEL (Oxford, 1983), ABOUT LOVE (Simon & Schuster, 1988), ETHICS AND EXCELLENCE (Oxford, 1992), NEW WORLD OF BUSINESS (Rowman & Littlefield, 1994), and A PASSION FOR WISDOM (Oxford, 1997), as well as a number of textbooks in general philosophy. He has won numerous awards for his teaching and has taught in the U.S., Canada, and Australia.

Clancy Martin is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at UMKC. He works on 19th and 20th Century European philosophy after Kant, the intersections of philosophy and literature, and the ethics of advertising and selling.

Clancy has authored, coauthored and edited several books in philosophy, including LOVE, LIES, AND MARRIAGE (forthcoming, Farrar Straus & Giroux), HONEST WORK (Oxford University Press, 2006) with Robert Solomon and Joanne Ciulla, and THE PHILOSOPHY OF DECEPTION (forthcoming, Oxford University Press). He has published over two dozen articles and reviews on Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Romanticism, and the virtue of truthfulness, and has also translated Nietzsche's THUS SPOKE ZARATHUSTRA (Barnes and Noble Classics, 2006) and is presently translating Nietzsche's BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL for Hackett. Clancy also publishes fiction in NOON, MCSWEENEYS, and elsewhere.

In 2007 his story "The Best Jeweler" won The Pushcart Prize, and his first novel HOW TO SELL is forthcoming from Farrar Straus and Giroux in 2009, and will appear simultaneously in French, German, Italian, Spanish, Chinese, and other languages.

Clancy earned his Ph.D. in 2003 from the University of Texas at Austin, where he wrote a dissertation on Nietzsche's theory of deception under the late Robert C. Solomon.

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Table of Contents

How to Use this Book
What Is Ethics?
Ethics and Religion
The History of Ethics
Ethical Questions

What Is the Good Life?

Why Be Good? The Problem of Justification

Why Be Rational? The Place of Reason in Ethics

Which Is Right? Ethical Dilemmas
Ethical Concepts


Prudence and Morals

Happiness and the Good

Egoism and Altruism

Virtue and the Virtues

Facts and Values

Justice and Equality

Rights and Duties
Ethical Theories and Approaches



Kant and Deontology

Social Contract Theory

Ethical Relativism

Pluralism and History

Feminist Ethics
Prologue: Ethics and Religion
The Hebrew Bible

The Ten Commandments
The New Testament
The Qur'an
Ancient Asia

India: Hinduism and Buddhism


China: Confucianism and Taoism

China: Taoism
1. Plato
The Republic

What Is Justice?: Books I, II, and IV

The Myth of the Cave: From Book VII
2. Aristotle
The Nicomachean Ethics

The Goal of Human Activity: From Book I

Moral Virtue: From Book II

Friendship: From Books VIII and IX
3. Saint Augustine
The City of God

The City of God: From Books XIV, XIX, and XXII

The Problem of Evil: From Books V and XIV
4. Thomas Hobbes

Of the Interior Beginnings of Voluntary Motions Commonly Called the Passions and the Speeches by Which They Are Expressed

Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery

Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts

Of the Causes, Generation, and Definition of a Commonwealth

Of the Liberty of Subjects
5. David Hume
Treatise of Human Nature

On Virtue and Vice in General

Of Love and Hatred
An Inquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals

Of the General Principles of Morals, Benevolence, and Justice: Sections I, II and III

Why Utility Pleases: From Section V

Virtue, Approval, and Self-Love: From Section IX and Appendix II
6. Immanuel Kant
Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals

Empirical and A Priori Ethics: Preface

The Rational Basis of Morality: From Section 1

The Categorical Imperative: From Section 2

Freedom and Autonomy: From Section 3
7. John Stuart Mill

Happiness and the Summum Bonum: Chapter 1

What Utilitarianism Is: Chapter 2

The Ultimate Sanction of the Principle of Utility: Chapter 3

The "Proof" of Utilitarianism: Chapter 4

Justice and Utility: Chapter 5
8. Friedrich Nietzsche
The Gay Science
Thus Spoke Zarathustra
Beyond Good and Evil

The Natural History of Morals

What Is Noble?
On the Genealogy of Morals

"Good and Evil"; "Good and Bad"

"Guilt," "Bad Conscience," and Related Matters
Twilight of the Idols

Morality as Anti-Nature
The Antichrist

Revaluation of All Values
The Will to Power
9. Jean-Paul Sartre
Existentialism Is a Humanism
Being and Nothingness

Bad Faith

Freedom and Responsibility
10. Bertrand Russell
Ethics and Objectivity
A Critique of Subjectivism
Freedom and Happiness
11. John Rawls
A Theory of Justice

Justice as Fairness

Goodness as Rationality

The Sense of Justice
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