Morality in Practice / Edition 7

Morality in Practice / Edition 7

by James P. Sterba
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534595537

ISBN-13: 9780534595531

Pub. Date: 11/18/2003

Publisher: Cengage Learning

MORALITY IN PRACTICE uniquely engages students in critical analysis of a wide range of positions on today's moral problems by presenting each chapter in two sections: Alternative Views and Practical Applications. The readings in the Alternative Views section present radically opposed viewpoints on today's most important moral problems. The introductions to each

Overview

MORALITY IN PRACTICE uniquely engages students in critical analysis of a wide range of positions on today's moral problems by presenting each chapter in two sections: Alternative Views and Practical Applications. The readings in the Alternative Views section present radically opposed viewpoints on today's most important moral problems. The introductions to each section as well as the selection and arrangement of the readings are designed to overcome crude relativism, demonstrating that some views do turn out to be more defensible than others. The selections in the Practical Applications section of each chapter offer court opinions, resolutions and declarations from various international organizations, and articles which all demonstrate how the broader issues introduced in the Alternative Views section play out in specific practical situation. The general introduction also shows how all the moral problems considered in the anthology are interconnected, such that a solution to any one of these moral problem requires a solution to the others as well.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534595531
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
11/18/2003
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
576
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 9.62(h) x 0.64(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
General Introduction1
Section IThe Distribution of Income and Wealth17
Introduction17
Alternative Views
1.The Libertarian Manifesto23
2.Radical Egalitarianism32
3.A Social Contract Perspective42
4.From Liberty to Equality54
Practical Applications
5.Wyman, Commissioner of New York Department of Social Services v. James61
6.Plyler v. Doe64
Section IINear and Distant Peoples71
Introduction74
Alternative Views
7.Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poor77
8.The Solution to World Poverty84
9.Impartiality, Beneficience, and Friendship88
10.Morality, Parents, and Children93
Practical Applications
11.The Food-Aid Racket101
12.Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid104
Section IIIAbortion and Euthanasia111
Introduction111
Alternative Views
13.A Defense of Abortion117
14.Why Abortion Is Immoral125
15.On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion129
16.A Feminist Defense of Abortion139
17.Euthanasia, Killing, and Letting Die145
18.The Intentional Termination of Life155
Practical Applications
19.Planned Parenthood v. Casey160
20.Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health166
Section IVSex Equality171
Introduction171
Alternative Views
21.Justice and Gender175
22.Feminist Justice and the Family186
23.Philosophers against the Family192
24.They Lived Happily Ever After: Sommers on Women and Marriage198
25.Is Male Power Really a Myth?205
26.Why So Slow?214
Practical Applications
27.Bill of Rights226
28.The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action227
Section VAffirmative Action231
Introduction231
Alternative Views
29.The Case against Affirmative Action233
30.The Case against Pojman246
31.Affirmative Racism251
32.The Case for Affirmative Action258
Practical Applications
33.Hopwood v. Texas262
34.The Case against Hopwood268
Section VISexual Harassment277
Introduction277
Alternative Views
35.Understanding Sexual Harassment at Work280
36.Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassment289
37.Sexual Harassment in the University293
38.Understanding, Explaining, and Eliminating Sexual Harassment302
Practical Application
39.Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc.314
Section VIIPornography317
Introduction317
Alternative Views
40.Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech320
41.Feminists against the First Amendment331
Practical Applications
42.American Booksellers v. Hudnutt337
43.Donald Victor Butler v. Her Majesty the Queen344
Section VIIIHate Speech351
Introduction351
Alternative Views
44.No Speech Code354
45.Speech Codes and Diversity357
46.Regulating Racial Speech on Campus358
47.The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the "Hate Speech" Debate376
Practical Applications
48.Curry v. Stanford384
49.Policy Statement: Free Speech and Bias on College Campuses391
Section IXGay and Lesbian Rights395
Introduction395
Alternative Views
50.Homosexual Conduct Is Wrong398
51.Homosexual Conduct Is Not Wrong400
52.Prejudice and Homosexuality402
53.Homosexuality's Legal Revolution409
Practical Applications
54.Baker v. Vermont418
Section XGun Control425
Introduction425
Alternative Views
55.Protection or Peril? An Analysis of Firearm-Related Deaths in the Home427
56.Armed Resistance to Crime430
57.Guns in America435
58.Crime Is Not the Problem439
59.American Homicide Exceptionalism450
Practical Applications
60.The Brady Bill463
Section XIAnimal Liberation and Environmental Justice469
Introduction469
Alternative Views
61.All Animals Are Equal474
62.Ethical Vegetarianism Is Unfair to Women and Children484
63.The Ethics of Respect for Nature492
64.Environmental Justice504
65.The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism510
Practical Applications
66.From the Animal Welfare Act518
67.Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act519
68.Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill520
Section XIIPunishment and Responsibility525
Introduction525
Alternative Views
69.The Crime of Punishment530
70.A Utilitarian Theory of Punishment537
71.A Critique of the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment542
72.Classical Retributivism546
Practical Applications
73.Deterrence and Uncertainty554
74.Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence556
75.Gregg v. Georgia559
Section XIIIWar and Humanitarian Intervention567
Introduction567
Alternative Views
76.Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theorists572
77.The Politics of Rescue579
78.The Futility of U.S. Intervention in Regional Conflicts585
Practical Applications
79.Peacekeeping, Intervention, and National Sovereignty in Internal Armed Conflict590

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