Morality in Practice / Edition 7

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Overview

MORALITY IN PRACTICE uniquely engages students in critical analysis of a wide range of positions on today's moral problems by presenting each chapter in two sections: Alternative Views and Practical Applications. The readings in the Alternative Views section present radically opposed viewpoints on today's most important moral problems. The introductions to each section as well as the selection and arrangement of the readings are designed to overcome crude relativism, demonstrating that some views do turn out to be more defensible than others. The selections in the Practical Applications section of each chapter offer court opinions, resolutions and declarations from various international organizations, and articles which all demonstrate how the broader issues introduced in the Alternative Views section play out in specific practical situation. The general introduction also shows how all the moral problems considered in the anthology are interconnected, such that a solution to any one of these moral problem requires a solution to the others as well.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
This reader explores 13 modern moral problems, offering radically opposing viewpoints on each issue so that students can decide for themselves whether a particular position is morally defensible. Issues discussed include gun control, abortion, and gay rights. Each chapter focuses on a single issue and provides a selection of point and counterpoint articles. Introductions frame each issue. This second edition contains 18 new readings. Sterba teaches philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher
"A well-rounded ethics book."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534595531
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 11/18/2003
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 576
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.62 (h) x 0.64 (d)

Meet the Author

Receiving a Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh, James P. Sterba has gone on to publish (either as author or editor) many notable books, textbooks, and scholarly articles in the fields of ethics and social and political philosophy. He currently teaches at the University of Notre Dame.

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Table of Contents

Preface ix
General Introduction 1
Section I The Distribution of Income and Wealth 17
Introduction 17
Alternative Views
1. The Libertarian Manifesto 23
2. Radical Egalitarianism 32
3. A Social Contract Perspective 42
4. From Liberty to Equality 54
Practical Applications
5. Wyman, Commissioner of New York Department of Social Services v. James 61
6. Plyler v. Doe 64
Section II Near and Distant Peoples 71
Introduction 74
Alternative Views
7. Lifeboat Ethics: The Case against Helping the Poor 77
8. The Solution to World Poverty 84
9. Impartiality, Beneficience, and Friendship 88
10. Morality, Parents, and Children 93
Practical Applications
11. The Food-Aid Racket 101
12. Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid 104
Section III Abortion and Euthanasia 111
Introduction 111
Alternative Views
13. A Defense of Abortion 117
14. Why Abortion Is Immoral 125
15. On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 129
16. A Feminist Defense of Abortion 139
17. Euthanasia, Killing, and Letting Die 145
18. The Intentional Termination of Life 155
Practical Applications
19. Planned Parenthood v. Casey 160
20. Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health 166
Section IV Sex Equality 171
Introduction 171
Alternative Views
21. Justice and Gender 175
22. Feminist Justice and the Family 186
23. Philosophers against the Family 192
24. They Lived Happily Ever After: Sommers on Women and Marriage 198
25. Is Male Power Really a Myth? 205
26. Why So Slow? 214
Practical Applications
27. Bill of Rights 226
28. The Beijing Declaration and Platform of Action 227
Section V Affirmative Action 231
Introduction 231
Alternative Views
29. The Case against Affirmative Action 233
30. The Case against Pojman 246
31. Affirmative Racism 251
32. The Case for Affirmative Action 258
Practical Applications
33. Hopwood v. Texas 262
34. The Case against Hopwood 268
Section VI Sexual Harassment 277
Introduction 277
Alternative Views
35. Understanding Sexual Harassment at Work 280
36. Exaggerating the Extent of Sexual Harassment 289
37. Sexual Harassment in the University 293
38. Understanding, Explaining, and Eliminating Sexual Harassment 302
Practical Application
39. Harris v. Forklift Systems Inc. 314
Section VII Pornography 317
Introduction 317
Alternative Views
40. Pornography, Civil Rights, and Speech 320
41. Feminists against the First Amendment 331
Practical Applications
42. American Booksellers v. Hudnutt 337
43. Donald Victor Butler v. Her Majesty the Queen 344
Section VIII Hate Speech 351
Introduction 351
Alternative Views
44. No Speech Code 354
45. Speech Codes and Diversity 357
46. Regulating Racial Speech on Campus 358
47. The Chilly Climate on College Campuses: An Expansion of the "Hate Speech" Debate 376
Practical Applications
48. Curry v. Stanford 384
49. Policy Statement: Free Speech and Bias on College Campuses 391
Section IX Gay and Lesbian Rights 395
Introduction 395
Alternative Views
50. Homosexual Conduct Is Wrong 398
51. Homosexual Conduct Is Not Wrong 400
52. Prejudice and Homosexuality 402
53. Homosexuality's Legal Revolution 409
Practical Applications
54. Baker v. Vermont 418
Section X Gun Control 425
Introduction 425
Alternative Views
55. Protection or Peril? An Analysis of Firearm-Related Deaths in the Home 427
56. Armed Resistance to Crime 430
57. Guns in America 435
58. Crime Is Not the Problem 439
59. American Homicide Exceptionalism 450
Practical Applications
60. The Brady Bill 463
Section XI Animal Liberation and Environmental Justice 469
Introduction 469
Alternative Views
61. All Animals Are Equal 474
62. Ethical Vegetarianism Is Unfair to Women and Children 484
63. The Ethics of Respect for Nature 492
64. Environmental Justice 504
65. The Power and the Promise of Ecological Feminism 510
Practical Applications
66. From the Animal Welfare Act 518
67. Amendments to the Animal Welfare Act 519
68. Tennessee Valley Authority v. Hill 520
Section XII Punishment and Responsibility 525
Introduction 525
Alternative Views
69. The Crime of Punishment 530
70. A Utilitarian Theory of Punishment 537
71. A Critique of the Humanitarian Theory of Punishment 542
72. Classical Retributivism 546
Practical Applications
73. Deterrence and Uncertainty 554
74. Civilization, Safety, and Deterrence 556
75. Gregg v. Georgia 559
Section XIII War and Humanitarian Intervention 567
Introduction 567
Alternative Views
76. Reconciling Pacifists and Just War Theorists 572
77. The Politics of Rescue 579
78. The Futility of U.S. Intervention in Regional Conflicts 585
Practical Applications
79. Peacekeeping, Intervention, and National Sovereignty in Internal Armed Conflict 590
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