This reader provides a wealth of political and diplomatic primary source documents, including many selections illustrated with photographs. Each document is preceded by a headnote that places the document within a historical context. Headnotes conclude with Questions to Consider, which stimulate comprehension of the document and provide comparative analysis of related selections.
1. Planters and Puritans 1. Contact: Address to John Smith, Powhatan 2. First Privileges: The Virginia Ordinance of 1619, Edwin Sandys 3. Pilgrims and Settlers: The Mayflower Compact, A Massachusetts Town Covenant 4. The Underside of Privilege: Virginia Slavery Legislation 5. Church Versus State: The Bloody Tenent of Persecution, Roger Williams 6. The Hand of Empire: The Navigation Acts 7. A New England Woman: Two Poems, Anne Bradstreet 2. Breaking Away 8. Diversity and Abundance: Letter from Pennsylvania, Robert Parke 9. Self-Improvement: The Junto Queries, Benjamin Franklin 10. A Right to Criticize: John Peter Zenger's Libel Trial 11. The Great Awakening: Heaven Is a World of Love, Jonathan Edwards 12. A Right to Privacy: No Writs of Assistance, James Otis 13. Ideology and Agitation: The Crisis, Number One, Thomas Paine 14. A Republican Army: The Newburgh Address, George Washington 15. Securing Liberty: The Federalist, Number Ten, James Madison 3. Nationalists and Partisans 16. Church and State: An Act for Establishing Religious Freedom, Thomas Jefferson 17. Moving West: The Northwest Ordinances 18. An Industrial Vision: On Manufactures, Alexander Hamilton 19. Sedition or Dissent: The Kentucky Resolutions of 1798, Thomas Jefferson 20. The Constitution Construed: Marbury v. Madison, John Marshall 21. The Sectional Specter: South Carolina Exposition and Protest, John C. Calhoun 22. Politics and Democracy: Rotation in Office, Bank Veto Message, Andrew Jackson 23. The Trail of Tears: Appeal of the Cherokee Nation 24. Empire: Annexation, John L. O'Sullivan 4. The Age of Reform 25. Schooling for Women: Address to the New York Legislature, Emma Willard 26. The Evangelical Impulse: The Remedy for Intemperance, Lyman Beecher 27. Of Human Bondage: That Class of Americans Called Africans, Lydia Maria Child 28. The Struggles of Labor: Address to the General Trades' Union, Ely Moore; Resolutions of the Journeymen Carpenters of Boston 29. Public or Private: Report on the Common Schools, Horace Mann 30. Individualism: Self-Reliance, Ralph Waldo Emerson 31. Balm for the Afflicted: Memorial on Asylums, Dorothea Dix 32. Women's Rights: The Seneca Falls Declaration of 1848, Elizabeth Cady Stanton 33. The Antislavery Impulse: Uncle Tom's Cabin, Harriet Beecher Stowe 34. Patriotism and Slavery: The Slave and the Fourth of July, Frederick Douglass 5. Coming Apart 35. Race, Slavery, and the Constitution: Dred Scott v. Sanford, Roger B. Taney 36. Liberty and Union: The Republican Party Platform of 1860 37. Flight from Union: Mississippi Resolutions on Secession 38. Union Inviolate: First Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln 39. Anthems of War: Maryland My Maryland, James Ryder Randall; Battle Hymn of the Republic, Julia Ward Howe 40. Sinews of War: Message on Conscription, Jefferson Davis; Land Grant College Act, Justin Morrill 41. A Declaration of Freedom: The Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln 42. People's Government: The Gettysburg Address, Abraham Lincoln 43. Faces of War: Message to the Atlanta City Council, William Tecumseh Sherman; Diary of a Georgia Girl, Eliza Andrews 44. Binding Wounds: Second Inaugural Address, Abraham Lincoln 6. The Agony of Reconstruction 45. Klansmen of the Carolinas: Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction 46. A Kind of Unity: What the Centennial Ought to Accomplish, Scribner's Monthly 47. Aftermath: Address to the Louisville Convention, Frederick Douglass Volume II 1. Reconstructing the Union 1. Unity: What the Centennial Ought to Accomplish, Scribner's Monthly 2. Subjugation: Address to the Louisville Convention, Frederick Douglass 2. Minorities 3. Cheyenne Autumn: A Century of Dishonor, Helen Hunt Jackson 4. Catholicism in America: The Catholic Bishops on Parochial Education 5. Newcomers: How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis 6. From Another Shore: Congressional Report on Chinese Immigration 7. New South, Old South: A Red Record, Ida B. Wells 8. Patriotism: The Pledge of Allegiance, Francis Bellamy; Lift Every Voice and Sing, James Weldon Johnson 9. Bearing Gifts: Russian Jews, Mary Antin 10. Closing the Doors: Immigration Act of 1924 3. Industry, Expansion, and Reform 11. Production and Wealth: Triumphant Democracy, Andrew Carnegie 12. Labor's Vision: What Does the Working Man Want? Samuel Gompers 13. The Lure of the East: America's Destiny, Albert Beveridge 14. The Woman Movement: Address to the Woman Suffrage Association, Carrie Chapman Catt 15. The Big Stick: Monroe Doctrine Corollary, Theodore Roosevelt 16. Industrial Blight: The Jungle, Upton Sinclair 17. City Dangers, City Lights: The Spirit of Youth, Jane Addams 18. The War for Democracy: Address to Congress, Woodrow Wilson 19. The Diplomacy of Isolation: Speech to the Senate, Henry Cabot Lodge 20. The Business of America: The Man Nobody Knows, Bruce Barton; A Sales Promotion Address, Knute Rockne 4. Crisis and Hope 21. American Earthquake: Women on the Breadlines, Meridel LeSueur 22. The Politics of Upheaval: First Inaugural Address, Franklin D. Roosevelt 23. Need and Affliction: The Social Security Act, Frances Perkins 24. Organizing the Masses: Four Union Songs 25. The Rights of Labor: National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel, Charles Evans Hughes 26. War Aims: The Four Freedoms, Franklin D. Roosevelt 27. Shattering the Axis: A Fireside Chat, Franklin D. Roosevelt 28. Destroyer of Worlds: Hiroshima, John Hersey 5. Protracted Conflict 29. Rebuilding Europe: Harvard Commencement Address, George C. Marshall 30. Seeing Reds: Lincoln Day Address, Joseph R. McCarthy 31. A Question of Command: Address on Korea and MacArthur, Harry S. Truman 32. The Military-Industrial Complex: Farewell Address, Dwight D. Eisenhower 33. The Defense of Freedom: Inaugural Address, John F. Kennedy 34. Blank Check: Message on the Gulf of Tonkin, Lyndon B. Johnson 35. Agony in Asia: A Time to Break Silence, Martin Luther King, Jr. 6. Movements for Change 36. Desegregation: Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka, Earl Warren 37. Saving the Habitat: Silent Spring, Rachel Carson 38. Nonviolence and Protest: Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr. 39. Women's Liberation: The Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan 40. The Right to Vote: The American Promise, Lyndon B. Johnson 41. A Turn to Militancy: Black Power, Stokely Carmichael 42. Life and Choice: Roe v. Wade, Harry Blackmun 43. Crisis of the Presidency: Statement on the Impeachment of Richard Nixon, Sam Ervin 7. Modern Times 44. Business Unleashed: First Inaugural Address, Ronald Reagan 45. The Evil Empire: Speech to the National Association of Evangelicals, Ronald Reagan 46. Response to Terror: The Bush Strategic Doctrine, George W. Bush 47. Gay Rights: Lawrence v. Texas, Anthony Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor