More Than One Struggle: The Evolution of Black School Reform in Milwaukee / Edition 1

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Overview

Traditional narratives of black educational history suggest that African Americans offered a unified voice concerning Brown v. Board of Education. Jack Dougherty counters this interpretation, demonstrating that black activists engaged in multiple, overlapping, and often conflicting strategies to advance the race by gaining greater control over schools.

Dougherty tells the story of black school reform movements in Milwaukee from the 1930s to the 1990s, highlighting the multiple perspectives within each generation. In profiles of four leading activists, he reveals how different generations redefined the meaning of the Brown decision over time to fit the historical conditions of their particular struggles. William Kelley of the Urban League worked to win teaching jobs for blacks and to resettle Southern black migrant children in the 1950s; Lloyd Barbee of the NAACP organized protests in support of integrated schools and the teaching of black history in the 1960s; and Marian McEvilly and Howard Fuller contested--in different ways--the politics of implementing desegregation in the 1970s, paving the way for the 1990s private school voucher movement. Dougherty concludes by contrasting three interpretations of the progress made in the fifty years since Brown, showing how historical perspective can shed light on contemporary debates over race and education reform.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Dougherty tells the story of three generations of black activists who launched overlapping—and sometimes conflicting—school reform movements in Milwaukee. He highlights multiple perspectives within each generation, showing how each generation redefined the meaning of "Brown" to fit the historical conditions of their particular struggles.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807828557
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 4/5/2004
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288

Meet the Author

Jack Dougherty is assistant professor and director of educational studies at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Introduction 1
1 Compromising to Win Black Teachers' Jobs 9
2 Redefining the Local Meaning of Brown v. Board 34
3 Calming the "Migrant Crisis" through Compensatory Education 51
4 Confronting Established Blacks and Whites on Segregation 71
5 Uniting the Movements for Integration and Black Power 104
6 Negotiating the Politics of Stability and School Desegregation 131
7 Transforming Strategies for Black School Reform 167
Conclusion: Rethinking History and Policy in the Post-Brown Era 194
Notes 203
Bibliography 227
Index 249
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Sort by: Showing 1 Customer Reviews
  • Posted May 2, 2014

    more from this reviewer

    Great perspective!

    I bought this book to augment some research I am doing on integration and school choice. The personal stories of the activist and the journey over the century in this book is amazing. Jack Dougherty does a great job! Please read.

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