Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period / Edition 1by Harold Mytum
Pub. Date: 12/31/2003
Publisher: Springer US
This study of historic mortuary data has been underdeveloped in many cultures and societies although, as Mytum argues, it has the potential to add much to social and cultural history alongside settlement and artefactual evidence. This book provides a chronological outline of the history of mortuary research from before the 18th century to post-World War I, as well as a discussion of the current state of knowledge and a practical guide to studying historic mortuary data. With examples from North America and Britain in particular, Mytum examines the nature of funerary and commemorative practices and how these changed over time. He goes on to outline some of the areas which can benefit from mortuary evidence such as studies into social structure, identities, attitudes towards death and commemoration, and social change. Sections on the practicalities of studying and recording mortuary material, as well as issues of conservation, education and the public are discussed.
- Springer US
- Publication date:
- Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique Series
- Edition description:
- Product dimensions:
- 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)
Table of Contents
List Of Figures. List Of Tables.
I: Introduction. 1: A Brief History - Historical Mortuary Archaeology. 1.1. Antiquarian interests. 1.2. The Origins and Development of Contemporary Research. 2: Theoretical Approaches. 2.1. Culture-history. 2.2. Functionalist Approaches. 2.3. Structuralist Approaches. 2.4. Marxist Approaches. 2.5. Symbolic studies. 2.6. Other recently developed approaches. Summary.
II: Folk Traditions and High Culture: Funerary and Commemorative Practice to the Early 18th Century. 1. Death. 1.1. The Good Death. 2. The Funeral Mourning Dress and Funeral Expenditure. 3: Burial Grounds. 3.1. Location. 3.2. Spatial Arrangement. 3.3. Burial. 4: Internal Memorials. 4.1. Materials. 4.2. Forms. 5: External Memorials. 5.1. Materials. 5.2. Forms. 5.3. Decoration and Symbols. 6: Conclusions.
III: A Maturing Industry: the Mid 18th century to Early 20th Century. 1: The Funeral. 1.1. The Coffin and Preparation of the Body. 1.2. Increasing Commercialisation. 1.3. Popular Fears Regarding Burial. 2: Mourning. 2.1. Mourning Jewelry. 2.2. Other Mourning Material Culture. 3: Commemoration. 4: Burial Grounds and Cemeteries. 4.1. Location. 4.2. Intra-site spatial arrangement. 5: Internal Memorials. 5.1. Materials. 5.2. Form and style. 6: External Memorials. 6.1. Materials. 6.2. Forms. 7: Decorationand Symbols. 8: Text. 9: Conclusions.
IV: A Marginalized Activity: From After World War I. 1: The Funeral. 1.1. The Context of Death. 1.2. Changes in Organization. 1.3. Coffins and Caskets. 1.4. Choices in Body Disposal. 2: Mourning. 3: Commemoration. 4: Burial Grounds and Cemeteries. 4.1. Location. 4.2. Intra-site Spatial Arrangement. 5: Internal Memorials. 6: External Memorials. 6.1. Materials. 6.2. Forms. 6.3. Decoration and Symbols. 6.4. Text. 7: Conclusions.
V: Production and Consumption. 1: Funerary and Mourning Paraphernalia. 1.1. Coffins and Fittings. 1.2. Mourning Paraphernalia. 2: Commemoration. 2.1. Materials and the Process of Monument Manufacture. 2.2. Production and the Role of Carvers. 2.3. Commissioning and Production of Monuments. 3: Temporal Change. 4: Spatial Change. 4.1. Regional Studies. 4.2. Distribution of Carvers' Products. 4.3. Intra-site Patterns. 5: Conclusions.
VI: Social Structures. 1: The Relationship between Living Communities and Burial Ground Populations. 2: Status. 3: Family Structures. 3.1. Scale of Family. 3.2. Male Roles. 3.3. Female Roles. 3.4. Children. 3.5. Family Relationships. 4: Institutional Structures. 5: Patterns of Dependency. 6: Social Hierarchies. 6.1. Elite Burial. 6.2. Pauper Burial. 7: Necrogeography. 8: Emulation.
VII: Identities. 1: Religious Affi
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