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Mountains

Overview

The Extreme Earth set profiles 80 notable landforms, offering clear explanations of their origins, history, and structure. While similarities exist among the many lakes, mountains, or rivers of the world, the examples singled out in this set qualify as some of the biggest, highest, deepest, longest, widest, oldest, or most unusual. The books provide a detailed narrative of how individual landforms came to exist and to occupy their unique place on the planet.

Mountains, an ...

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Overview

The Extreme Earth set profiles 80 notable landforms, offering clear explanations of their origins, history, and structure. While similarities exist among the many lakes, mountains, or rivers of the world, the examples singled out in this set qualify as some of the biggest, highest, deepest, longest, widest, oldest, or most unusual. The books provide a detailed narrative of how individual landforms came to exist and to occupy their unique place on the planet.

Mountains, an arresting portrait of 10 of the most unusual peaks, examines what antedated the landform, how it was formed, how and why it has changed over the span of geologic time, and its contributions to the environment. The mountains profiled range from Mount Everest in the Himalayas (the highest and most forbidding range in the world) to the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States (an older range that played an important role in the settlement of the North American continent). The volume begins with an essay that describes the formation and structure of mountains and a history of why they are part of the landscape all over the world.

The following mountains are covered: Mount Everst, Asia, Appalachians, North America, Alps, Europe, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, North America, Sierra Nevada, western United States, Andes, South America, Mauna Kea, Hawaii's high point, Pacific Ocean, Mount Saint Helens, northwestern United States, Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa, Humphreys Peak, southwestern United States.

The book contains more than 30 black-and-white photographs and line illustrations, a special insert of 16 color photographs, a glossary of terms, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. The ExtremeEarth is an essential set for middle and high school students, teachers, and general readers.

About the Author:
Peter Aleshire, a science writer for 10 years, has also written four history books and a volume on the training of F-16 pilots

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Rachel Hill
The varying shapes and sizes of mountains long baffled geologists who struggled to explain their formation. No single theory could account for the geologic variations they saw. However, years of exploration, theorizing, and discovery have led to a greater understanding of these landforms. Mountains describes some of the world's most interesting mountains and mountain ranges. Chapters highlight the following mountains: Mount Everest, the Appalachians, the Alps, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, the Sierra Nevada, the Andes, Mauna Kea, Mount Saint Helens, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Humphrey's Peak. Each chapter includes facts about the mountain, including its location, history, and formation. Captioned diagrams and boxed sections with additional information, history, and related myths are included. This book contains a lot of information as well as many advanced ideas, such as detailed explanations and diagrams of mountain formations, hot spots, and plate tectonics. A glossary and an index are provided, adding to the book's usefulness. Mountains, as well as other books within the "The Extreme Earth" series, will be valuable as a resource for middle school and high school reports and projects. Due to the large amount of advanced material and information, this book will be most useful for young adult readers who have a strong background in reading and geologic science. This book will be a useful addition to middle school and high school libraries. Reviewer: Rachel Hill
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816059188
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 4/28/2008
  • Series: Extreme Earth Series
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Pages: 168
  • Age range: 12 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword     vii
Preface     ix
Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     xiii
Origin of the Landform: Mountains     1
The Formation of Mountains     2
Ten Mountains     2
Mount Everst, Asia     4
A Mountain of Storms     4
Mount Everest Facts     5
More Deaths on the Mountain     7
Measuring the Himalayas     9
The Roots of the Mountain     10
The Mallory Mystery     12
Appalachians, North America     14
A Mountain of Mystery     15
The Sections of the Appalachians     16
Agreeing on the Wrong Theory     18
Rejected Theory Triumphs     21
Origins of the Appalachians     23
Geography Shapes History     26
Mount Mitchell and Elisha     28
The Appalachians's Mountain-building Periods     28
The Alps, Europe     31
Alps Reveal Deep Secrets     32
Breaking Up Is Hard to Do     35
Hypererosion Sets In     37
Glaciers Apply Finishing Touch     38
Hannibal Succumbs to Geography     40
Mid-AtlanticRidge, North Atlantic     42
Mid-Atlantic Ridge Validates Theory     42
World's Greatest Mountain Chain     47
Iceland Confirms Hot Spot Theory     50
The People of Mount Hekla     52
Volcano Threatens Town     53
The Sierra Nevada, California, the Western United States     55
A Series of Unfortunate Events     55
Mountains Reveal Continent's History     58
Yosemite: Wonderland of Granite     59
Glaciers Suppress Volcanoes     63
Ice Ages Sculpt Rocks     64
Heartbreaking Loss of the Second Yosemite     66
Lake Tahoe Warming Up     67
The Andes, South America     70
The Andes's Strangest Lake     70
Abrupt Rise Poses Mystery     71
Mystery Linked to the Mantle     73
The Inca Build a Complex Civilization     75
Worship     76
The Inca Create Mountaintop Civilization     76
Glaciers and Climate Change     77
Mauna Kea, Hawaii's High Point, Pacific Ocean     79
A Molten Mythology     80
The Best-studied Hot Spot     82
Yellowstone Hot Spot: A Titanic Explosion     83
A Volcanic Landscape     84
Mauna Kea: The Tallest Mountain     86
The First Hawaiians     87
Mount Saint Helens, Northwestern United States     89
Cascades: Edge of a Crustal Plate     89
Effects of Mount Saint Helens Eruption     92
A Violent History     94
An Explosive History of Mount Saint Helens     95
Cascades Support Plate Tectonics     96
Volcanic Mountains of the Cascades     97
Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa     100
The Shining Mountain     100
Glaciers in Full Retreat     104
Mountain Makes Its Own Weather     107
Kilimanjaro Life Zones     107
Great Rift Valley Shapes Continent     108
Age of Exploration     111
Mount Kenya     112
Humphreys Peak, Arizona, North America     114
Building a Mountain, One Eruption at a Time     115
Sunset Crater Phrase     117
The Unexpected Benefits of Disaster     121
Clues to a Vanished People     124
Glossary     127
Books     131
Web Sites     134
Index     137

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