Moving Millions: How Coyote Capitalism Fuels Global Immigration / Edition 1

Moving Millions: How Coyote Capitalism Fuels Global Immigration / Edition 1

by Jeffrey Kaye
     
 

On the same day that reporter Jeffrey Kaye visited the Tondo hospital in northwest Manila, members of an employees association wearing hospital uniforms rallied in the outside courtyard demanding pay raises. The nurses at the hospital took home about $261 a month, while in the United States, nurses earn, on average, more than fifteen times that rate of pay. No

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Overview

On the same day that reporter Jeffrey Kaye visited the Tondo hospital in northwest Manila, members of an employees association wearing hospital uniforms rallied in the outside courtyard demanding pay raises. The nurses at the hospital took home about $261 a month, while in the United States, nurses earn, on average, more than fifteen times that rate of pay. No wonder so many nurses leave the Philippines.

Between 2000 and 2007, nearly 78,000 qualified nurses left the Philippines to work abroad, but there's more to it than the pull of better wages: each year the Philippine president hands out Bagong Bayani ("Modern-day Heroes") awards to the country's "outstanding and exemplary" migrant workers. Migrant labor accounts for the Philippines' second largest source of export revenue—after electronics—and they ship out nurses like another country might export textiles. In 2008, the Philippines was one of the top-ranking destination countries for remittances, alongside India ($45 billion), China ($34.5 billion), and Mexico ($26.2 billion).

Nurses in the Philippines, farmers in Senegal, Dominican factory workers in rural Pennsylvania, even Indian software engineers working in California—all are pieces of a larger system Kaye calls "coyote capitalism."

Coyote capitalism is the idea—practiced by many businesses and governments—that people, like other natural resources, are supplies to be shifted around to meet demand. Workers are pushed out, pulled in, and put on the line without consideration of the consequences for economies, communities, or individuals.

With a fresh take on a controversial topic, Moving Millions knocks down myth after myth about why immigrants come to the United States and what role they play in the economy, challenging the view that immigrants themselves motivate immigration, rather than the policies of businesses and governments in both rich and poor nations. Kaye takes readers around the world in search of answers, with stops in Mexico, Europe, the UAE, Poland, Senegal, and elsewhere. Interviewing smugglers and undocumented workers, recruiters and legal immigrants, Kaye finds surprising connections between globalization, economic growth, and the convoluted immigration debates taking place in the United States and other industrialized countries.

What does it all add up to? America's approach to importing workers looks from the outside like a patchwork of unnecessary laws and regulations, but the machinery of immigration is actually part of a larger, global system that satisfies the needs of businesses and governments, often at the expense of workers in every nation.

Moving Millions brings a new perspective to the looming debates over comprehensive immigration reform in Washington. It is important reading for policy makers, activists on both sides of immigration and globalization debates, and anyone who wants to understand an issue that will remain a major point of domestic and international political conflict for decades to come.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470423349
Publisher:
Turner Publishing Company
Publication date:
04/26/2010
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
320
Sales rank:
453,157
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments.

Introduction.

1 Lures and Blinders.

2 Growing People for Export.

3 Migrants in the Global Marketplace.

4 Switching Course: Reversals of Fortune.

5 Recruitment Agencies and Body Shops.

6 Smugglers as Migration Service Providers.

7 "We Rely Heavily on Immigrant Labor".

8 Servitude and Cash Flows.

9 "Help Wanted" or "No Trespassing".

10 Politics, Infl uence, and Alliances.

11 Southwest Showdowns.

12 Fresh Blood and National Selection.

13 "Torn Apart for the Need to Survive".

Notes.

Index.

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