Mr. Buchanan's Administration: On the Eve of the Rebellion

Overview

An autobiographical vindication of the policy of the Buchanan administration during the last months of his term, this book is an important source for understanding the political events leading to the secession and the Civil War. Throughout his administration, Buchanan was constantly plagued with the issues of slavery, even though the existence of domestic slavery in the South was recognized and protected by the Constitution of the United States. This book details the rising conflict within the nation as Southern ...
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Mr. Buchanan's administration on the eve of the rebellion

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Overview

An autobiographical vindication of the policy of the Buchanan administration during the last months of his term, this book is an important source for understanding the political events leading to the secession and the Civil War. Throughout his administration, Buchanan was constantly plagued with the issues of slavery, even though the existence of domestic slavery in the South was recognized and protected by the Constitution of the United States. This book details the rising conflict within the nation as Southern slave holding states argued with Northern abolitionists and Anti-Slavery societies as to whether or not slavery should continue to flourish in the United States.

Feeling the pressures of the unbearable tension between the North and the South, Buchanan tried desperately to compromise, pleading with both sides over this burning issue. He repeatedly warned his countrymen, at every opportunity, of the imminent danger they were putting the nation in and advised them of the means to avoid the certainty of a civil war. Despite these efforts, Congress rejected his recommendations. The result was the escalation of a conflict that led to the secession of the South and one of the bloodiest battles in our nation's history.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781582181806
  • Publisher: Digital Scanning, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 11/28/2000
  • Edition description: Reprint from 1866 Edition
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter I.9
The rise and progress of Anti-Slavery agitation
The Higher Law
Anti-Slavery Societies
Their formation and proceedings
Their effect destructive of State Emancipation
The case in Virginia
Employment of the Post Office to circulate incendiary publications and pictures among the slaves
Message of General Jackson to prohibit this by law
His recommendation defeated
The Pulpit, the Press, and other agencies
Abolition Petitions
The rise of an extreme Southern Pro-Slavery party
The Fugitive Slave Law of 1793, and the case of Prigg vs. Pennsylvania, and its pernicious effects
The South threaten Secession
The course of Mr. Buchanan as Senator
The Wilmot Proviso and its consequences
The Union in serious danger at the meeting of Congress in December, 1849
Chapter II.21
Meeting of Congress in December, 1849
The five Acts constituting the Compromise of September, 1850
Elect of the Compromise in allaying excitement
Whig and Democratic Platforms indorse it
President Pierce's happy reference to it in his Message of December, 1853
The repeal of the Missouri Compromise reopens the slavery agitation
Its passage in March, 1820, and character
Its recognition by Congress in 1845, on the Annexation of Texas
The history of its repeal
This repeal gives rise to the Kansas troubles
Their nature and history
The Lecompton Constitution and proceedings of Congress upon it
The Republican party greatly strengthened
Decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott case
Repudiated by the Republican party and by the Douglas Democracy
Sustained by the old Democracy
The Kansas and Nebraska Act
The policy and practice of Congress toward the Territories
Abuse of President Buchanan for pot adhering to the Cincinnati Platform without foundation
Chapter III.57
Senator Seward
The "Irrepressible Conflict"
Helper's "Impending Crisis"
The John Brown Raid
The nature of Fanaticism
The Democratic National Convention at Charleston
Its proceedings and adjournment to Baltimore
Reassembling at Baltimore and proceedings there
Its breaking up and division into the Douglas and the Breckinridge Conventions
Proceedings of each
Review of the whole and the effect on the South
Chapter IV.86
The heresy of Secession
Originated in New England
Maintained by Josiah Quincy and the Hartford Convention, by Mr. Rawle and Mr. John Quincy Adams, but opposed by the South
Southern Secession dates from South Carolina Nullification
Its character and history
The Compromise Tariff of 1833
The Nullifiers agitate for Secession
Mr. Calhoun
Mr. Cobb against it
Warnings of the Democratic party
They are treated with contempt
Secession encouraged by the Republicans
The Cotton States led to believe they would be allowed to depart in peace
President Buchanan warned them against this delusion
Chapter V.99
General Scott's "Views" and the encouragement they afforded to the cotton States to secede
Their publication by him in the "National Intelligencer"
His recommendation in favor of four distinct Confederacies
His recommendation to reenforce nine of the Southern forts, and the inadequacy of the troops
The reason of this inadequacy
The whole army required on the frontiers
The refusal of Congress to increase it
Our fortifications necessarily left without sufficient garrisons for want of troops
The President's duty to refrain from any hostile act against the cotton States, and smooth the way to a compromise
The rights of those States in no danger from Mr. Lincoln's election
Their true policy was to cling to the Union
Chapter VI.108
Mr. Lincoln's election to the Presidency
Its danger to the Union
Warnings of the President and his trying position
His policy in the emergency, and the reasons for it
His supreme object the preservation of the Union
Meeting of Congress, and the hostility of the two parties toward each other
The wrongs of the South
How rash and causeless would be rebellion in the cotton States
The right of secession discussed and denied in the Message
The President's position defined
Question of the power to coerce a State
Distinction between the power to wage war against a State, and the power to execute the laws against individuals
Views of Senator (now President) Johnson, of Tennessee
President Buchanan's solemn appeal in favor of the Union
His estrangement from the secession leaders
Cessation of all friendly intercourse between him and them
Chapter VII.134
Refusal of Congress to act either with a view to conciliation or defence
The Senate Committee of Thirteen and its proceedings
Mr. Crittenden submits his Compromise to the Committe
Its nature
The Committee unable to agree
Testimony of Messrs. Douglas and Toombs that the Crittenden Compromise would have arrested secession in the cotton States
Mr. Crittenden proposes to refer his amendment to the people of the several States by an act of ordinary legislation
His remarks in its favor
Proceedings thereon
Expression of public opinion in its favor
President Buchanan recommends it
Recommendation disregarded and proposition defeated by the Clark amendment
Observations thereon
Peace Convention proposed by Virginia
Its meeting and proceedings
Amendment to the Constitution reported by Mr. Guthrie, chairman of the committee
Its modification on motion of Mr. Franklin, and final adoption by the Convention
Virginia and North Carolina vote with Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont against it
Its rejection by the United States Senate
The House of Representatives refuse even to receive it
Every Republican member in both branches of Congress opposed to it
Chapter VIII.153
Congress passes no measures to enable the President to execute the laws or defend the Government
They decline to revive the authority of the Federal Judiciary in South Carolina, suspended by the resignation of all the judicial officers
They refuse authority to call forth the militia or accept volunteers, to suppress insurrections against the United States, and it was never proposed to grant an appropriation for this purpose
The Senate declines throughout the entire session to act upon the nomination of a Collector of the Port of Charleston
Congress refuses to grant to the President the authority long since expired, which had been granted to General Jackson for the collection of the revenue
The 36th Congress expires, leaving the law just as they found it
General observations
Chapter IX.162
The forts in Charleston harbor
Conduct toward them and the reasons for it
To guard against surprise reenforcements ready
Instructions to Major Anderson
Interview with South Carolina members
General Scott again recommends the garrisoning of all the forts
Reasons against it
The compromise measures still depending
Want of troops
Observations on General Scott's report to President Lincoln
His letter to Secretary Seward, and the manner in which it, with the report, was brought to light and published
Mr. Buchanan's reply to the report
General Scott's statement of the interview with President Buchanan on 15th December, and observations thereupon
The example of General Jackson in 1833, and why it was inapplicable
Chapter X.180
South Carolina adopts an ordinance of secession, and appoints Commissioners to treat with the General Government
Their arrival in Washington
Major Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter
The President's interview with the Commissioners, who demand a surrender of all the forts
His answer to this demand
Their insolent reply, and its return to them
Its presentation to the Senate by Mr. Davis
Secretary Floyd requested to resign
He resigns and becomes a secessionist
Fort Sumter threatened
The Brooklyn ordered to carry reenforcements to the fort
The Star of the West substituted at General Scott's instance
She is fired upon
Major Anderson demands of Governor Pickens a disavowal of the act
The Governor demands the surrender of the fort
The Major proposes to refer the question to Washington
The Governor accepts
The truce
Colonel Hayne and Lieutenant Hall arrive in Washington on the 13th January
Letter from Governor Pickens not delivered to the President until the 31st January
The answer to it
Colonel Hayne's insulting reply
It is returned to him
Virginia sends Mr. Tyler to the President with a view to avoid hostilities
His arrival in Washington and his proposals
Message of the President
Chapter XI.209
Fort Sumter again
An expedition prepared to relieve it
The expedition abandoned on account of a despatch from Major Anderson
Mr. Holt's letter to President Lincoln
Fort Pickens in Florida
Its danger from the rebels
The Brooklyn ordered to its relief
The means by which it was saved from capture approved by General Scott and Messrs. Holt and Toucey, with the rest of the Cabinet
Refutation of the charge that arms had been stolen
Report of the Committee on Military Affairs and other documentary evidence
The Southern and Southwestern States received less than their quota of arms
The Pittsburg cannon
General Scott's unfounded claim to the credit of preventing their shipment to the South
Removal of old muskets
Their value
Opinion of Mr. Holt in regard to the manner in which President Buchanan conducted the administration
Chapter XII.231
The reduction of the expenses of the Government under Mr. Buchanan's administration
The Expedition to Utah
The Covode Committee
Chapter XIII.258
The successful foreign policy of the administration with Spain, Great Britain, China, and Paraguay
Condition of the Mexican Republic; and the recommendations to Congress thereupon not regarded, and the effect
The treaty with Mexico not ratified by the Senate, and the consequences
The origin, history, and nature of the "Monroe Doctrine."
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