Muhammad Abduh

Overview


Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) is widely regarded as the founder of Islamic modernism. Egyptian jurist, religious scholar and political activist, he sought to synthesise Western and Islamic cultural values. Arguing that Islam is essentially rational and fluid, Abduh maintained that it had been stifled by the rigid structures implemented in the generations since Muhammad and his immediate followers. In this absorbing biography, Mark Sedgwick examines whether Abduh revived true Islam or instigated its corruption. Mark...
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Overview


Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) is widely regarded as the founder of Islamic modernism. Egyptian jurist, religious scholar and political activist, he sought to synthesise Western and Islamic cultural values. Arguing that Islam is essentially rational and fluid, Abduh maintained that it had been stifled by the rigid structures implemented in the generations since Muhammad and his immediate followers. In this absorbing biography, Mark Sedgwick examines whether Abduh revived true Islam or instigated its corruption. Mark Sedgwick is Associate Professor of Arab History, Culture and Society at Aarhus University in Denmark.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781851684328
  • Publisher: Oneworld Publications
  • Publication date: 12/16/2009
  • Series: Makers of the Muslim World Series
  • Pages: 160
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.60 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

1 The Student 1

Tanta 2

Cairo 6

Afghani 8

Graduation 12

2 Introduction to Politics 15

Muhammad Abduh's Teaching 16

Politics 18

Freemasonry 19

The Opposition Press 21

Intervention 24

Defeat 26

3 Urabi and Exile 29

Muhammad Abduh the Editor 29

Muhammad Abduh and Urabi 31

Triumph and Renewed Defeat 33

Exile 35

Afghani, Muhammad Abduh and Islam 36

To Paris 42

4 Paris 43

Muhammad Abduh and Wilfrid Blunt 45

Al-Urwa al-wuthqa 49

5 Beirut 57

The Break with Afghani 57

In Search of an Occupation 59

Risalat al-Tawhid 63

6 The Return to Egypt 71

The National Courts 72

The Azhar Council 74

Appointment as Mufti 77

Law Reform 79

7 The Mufti 83

The Azhar Lectures 85

Newspapers 87

Education 91

8 The Fatwas 95

Financial Fatwas 95

The Transvaal Fatwa 97

Muhammad Abduh's Methodology 99

Muhammad Abduh's Intentions 101

9 Adversity 103

Opposition in the Press 105

Deteriorating Relations with the Khedive 107

Reactions to the Transvaal Fatwa 110

Resignation 111

Death 113

The Enemy of God? 113

10 The Aftermath 115

Public Life 115

Islam 117

Views on Muhammad Abduh 121

Conclusion 126

Glossary 129

Further Reading 133

Bibliography 139

Index 145

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