Multicultural Psychology: Understanding Our Diverse Communities / Edition 3

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Overview

Multicultural Psychology: Understanding Our Diverse Communities, Third Edition, combines quantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal material to examine an array of multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures. The text focuses on such compelling topics as differences in worldviews, communication, racial and cultural identity development, racism, and immigration. Other issues covered in the text include gender, sexuality, age, and ability. The authors provide a strong, vivid, and personal voice to the text, richly populating it with anecdotes from themselves, their students, and other contributors, and using them as central points around which to build their case for multicultural issues based on science.

FEATURES:

-Provides narrative, first person accounts by people of all ages and cultures to illustrate the points discussed in the text

-Combines quantitative and qualitative research with anecdotal material to examine an array of multicultural issues and capture the richness of diverse cultures

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199766918
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 12/7/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 98,554
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Jeffery Scott Mio is a professor in the Psychology and Sociology Department at California State Polytechnic University, Ponoma, where he also serves as the Director of the M.S. in Psychology program. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Chicago, in 1984. Dr. Mio has taught multicultural psychology since 1986. He is a Fellow in Division 2 (Society for the Teaching of Psychology) and Division 45 (Society for the Psychological Study of Ethinic Minority Issues) of the American Psychological Association, as well as a Fellow of the Asian American Psychological Association and the Western psychological Association. Dr. Lori A. Barker is a professor in the Psychology and Sociology Department at California State Polytechnic University, Ponoma. Dr. Barker is a licensed clinical psychologist and also works part-time as the Administrative Director of the Cal Poly Pomona, Ennis W. Cosby, Child and Family Services Friendmobile. Dr. Barker received her Ph.D. in clinical psychology from UCLA. Jaydee Santos Tumambing graduated from California State Polytechnic University, Ponoma, in 2003 with her M.S. in Psychology, specializing in Marriage and Family Therapy. She is now in private practice in the Los Angeles area.

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Table of Contents

About the Authors
Preface

CHAPTER 1: What Is Multicultural Psychology?

WHAT IS MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY?
-Narrow and Broad Definitions of Culture
-Culture and Worldview
-What Is Race?
-Multicultural Psychology versus Cross-Cultural Psychology

WHY DO WE NEED THE FIELD OF MULTICULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY?

MULTICULTURALISM AS THE FOURTH FORCE UNDERSTANDING THE CULTURAL CONTEXT OF BEHAVIOR

THE BIOPSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL

THE BASIC TENETS OF MULTICULTURAL THEORY HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
-Dubious Beginnings We Begin to Define Ourselves
-Gender Differences Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues

THE RISE OF MULTICULTURALISM

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 2: Multicultural Issues Involving Research and Testing

RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY
-The General Research Model
-The White Standard Internal versus External Validity

QUANTITATIVE VERSUS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
-Quantitative Approaches Qualitative Approaches
-Equivalence of Measures
-Qualitative Approaches and Gender Qualitative Approaches and Older Populations

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING
-Intelligence Testing
-Intelligence, Context, and Older Adults Alternative Conceptions of Intelligence Personality and Diagnostic Testing

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 3: Cultural Differences in Worldviews

DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES FOR LOOKING AT CULTURES
-Imposing a Worldview
-Understanding Differences from Within
-Male and Female Perspectives
-Well-Meaning Clashes

INDIVIDUALISM VERSUS COLLECTIVISM
-The Individual and Society
-Guilt versus Shame Face
-Giving and Social Support

VALUE ORIENTATION AND WORLDVIEWS
-Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck's Value Orientation
-Model Derald Wing Sue's Worldview Model

ETHNIC MINORITY WORLDVIEW

WORLDVIEW OF WOMEN

WORLDVIEW OF LESBIAN, GAY, AND BISEXUAL INDIVIDUALS

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 4: Cultural Differences in Communication

CONVERSATIONAL RULES NONVERBAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE
-Proxemics
-Kinesics
-Paralanguage

HIGH-VERSUS LOW-CONTEXT COMMUNICATION
-Direct versus Indirect Communication
-Ethnic Minority Patterns of Communication
-African Americans
-Latinos/as American
-Indians
-Communication Patterns of the Elderly

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION

BILINGUAL COMMUNICATION
-Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism
-Social Consequences of Bilingualism

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 5: Immigrants, Refugees, and the Acculturation Process

IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
-Immigrants
-Refugees

COMMON EXPERIENCES OF IMMIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
-Language Barriers
-Support Networks
-Family Hierarchies
-New Family Roles

-Employment
-Education

ACCULTURATION
-"Old" and "New" Immigrants
-Models of Acculturation
-Acculturation of Immigrants
-Acculturation of Ethnic Minority Populations
-The Migration Process
-Ecological Context and Fit

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 6: Stereotyping, Prejudice, Discrimination, and Racism

CATEGORIZATIONS OF RACE AND ETHNICITY
-Stereotype Threat
-The Development of Negative Stereotypes

RACISM
-Overt versus Covert Racism
-The Response to Hurricane Katrina: A Case of Covert, Unintentional Racism?
-Aversive Racism Racial
-Microaggressions
-White Privilege

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 7: Cultural Identity Development

A MODEL OF PERSONAL IDENTITY

RACIAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT
-African American Identity Development
-White Identity Development
-Chicano/Latino Identity Development
-Brief Overview of Asian American/Pilipino
-American Identity Development
-Multiracial Identity Development
-Gay/Lesbian Identity Development
-Racial and Cultural Identity Development
-Model Other Identities

A CRITIQUE OF THE STAGE MODELS

MULTIPLE LAYERING OF IDENTITIES

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 8: Culture and Health

HEALTH AND HEALTH BEHAVIORS

HEALTH DISPARITIES DEFINED

CAUSES OF HEALTH DISPARITIES
-Racism
-Poverty
-Structural Barriers
-Access to the Health Care System
-Differential Treatment

MISTRUST OF THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

WHY SHOULD WE CARE?

BRINGING ABOUT CHANGE

SICKLE CELL ANEMIA - A CASE STUDY

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 9: Culture and Mental Health

CULTURE AND DIAGNOSIS
-The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
-A Classification System
-Culture and the Expression of Symptoms
-Cultural Group Differences and Mental Health
-The Epidemiologic Catchment Area Project (ECA)
-National Comorbidity Survey (NCS)
-The Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Studies (CPES)
-Ethnic/Racial Groups Not Well Represented in the Large Epidemiological Studies
-Critique of the Epidemiologic Studies
-Conclusions from Existing Data
-Gender Differences
-Culture-Bound Syndromes
-Eating Disorders: An American Culture-Bound Syndrome?

CULTURE AND THE TREATMENT OF MENTAL DISORDERS
-Underutilization of Mental Health Services
-Barriers to Treatment
-Culture-Bound Values as Barriers
-Class-Bound Values as Barriers
-Language as a Barrier
-Experience with Racism
-Culturally Sensitive Therapeutic Approaches
-The Training of Mental Health Professionals: Multicultural Competence
-Cultural Matching
-Culture-Specific Therapies
-Example of a Culture-Specific Approach: African-Centered Psychology
-Treatment Issues and Strategies for Sexual Minorities

SUMMARY

CHAPTER 10: Where Do We Go From Here? Building Multicultural Competence

HOW TO INCREASE YOUR MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCE:

THE MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCIES

AWARENESS OF YOUR OWN CULTURAL ATTITUDES
-The Four F Reactions
Freeze
Flee
Fight
Fright
-The Five D's of Difference
Distancing
Denial
Defensiveness
Devaluing
Discovery
-The Three S's of Similarity
Simple
Safe
Sane
-Examining Your Biases, Prejudices, and Stereotypes
-Learning about Your Own Culture

UNDERSTANDING OTHER WORLDVIEWS
-Learning Key Historical Events
-Becoming Aware of Sociopolitical Issues
-Knowing Basic Values and Beliefs
-Understanding Cultural Practices
-Knowing the Dynamics of Racism, Discrimination, and Stereotyping

DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE INTERPERSONAL SKILLS
-Education and Training
-Experience and Practice
-Saying "I Don't Know" and Asking Questions
-Travel
-Being an Ally
-An Attitude of Discovery and Courage

SUMMARY

Glossary
References
Credits
Index

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