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Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons [NOOK Book]

Overview

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies

Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to ...

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Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons

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Overview

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies

Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes.

Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated.

Topics include:

  • Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes

  • Combustion technology

  • Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy

  • Plasma economics

  • Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management

  • Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan

Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118029275
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 11/29/2010
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 384
  • File size: 11 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Gary C. Young has over forty years of experience in processes involving the energy, food, agricultural, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, with companies such as Conoco, Stauffer Chemical Company, Beatrice Foods Company, Monsanto Company, and Carus Chemical Company. He has done consulting in areas of research and development, troubleshooting plant operations and process bottlenecks, maintenance, engineering, and environmental challenges. Dr. Young is the founder and owner of Bio-Thermal-Energy, Inc. (B-T-E, Inc.).
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Table of Contents

Preface.

Professional Biography.

1 Introduction to Gasification / Pyrolysis and Combustion Technology(s).

Historical Background and Perspective.

Introduction.

What is Pyrolysis?

What is Pyrolysis/Gasification?

What is Conventional Gasification?

What is Plasma Arc Gasification?

What is Mass Burn (Incineration)?

Which Thermal Process Technology is the Most Efficient and Economical?

Performance/Thermal Efficiency of Technologies.

What is the Economic Comparison Between the Thermal Processes?

References.

2 How Can Plasma Arc Gasification Take Garbage to Electricity and a Case Study?

Basis.

Economic Cases.

Logical Approach for Future Progress.

References.

3 How Can Plasma Arc Gasification Take Garbage to Liquid Fuels and Case Studies?

MSW To Syngas to Liquid Fuels Via Chemistry (Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis) and a Case Study.

Basis.

Economic Case.

Logical Approach for Future Progress.

MSW to Syngas to Liquid Fuel via Biochemistry and a Case Study.

Basis and Economics.

References.

4 Plasma Economics: Garbage/Wastes to Electricity, Case Study with Economy of Scale.

Conclusions and Recommendations (Opinions).

References.

5 Plasma Economics: Garbage/Wastes to Power Ethanol Plants and a Case Study.

Basis.

Economic Cases.

Logical Approach for Future Progress.

References.

6 From Curbside to Landfill: Cash Flows as a Revenue Source for Waste Solids-to-Energy Management.

References.

7 Plasma Economics: Garbage/Wastes to Power, Case Study with Economics of a 94 ton/day Facility.

More Recent Events About the Project.

References.

8 Plant Operations: Eco-Valley Plant in Utashinai, Japan: An Independent Case Study.

References.

9 Municipal Solid Waste and Properties.

What is Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and How Much is Generated in the United States?

MSW Properties.

References.

10 MSW Processes to Energy with High-Value Products and Specialty By-Products.

Production of Ammonia (NH3) from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Gas to Liquids from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Methanol (CH3OH) from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Hydrogen (H2) from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route(s).

Gasifier.

Air Separation Unit (ASU).

Hot Gas Cleanup System.

Sulfuric Acid Plant.

CO2-Rich Separated Gas Stream/Conventional Turbine Expander.

Production of Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) from Syngas via Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Ethanol and Methanol from Syngas using Fischer–Tropsch Synthesis Process.

Production of Ethanol from Syngas via a Bio-Chemical Synthesis Route.

Production of Ethanol via a Combination of Chemical and Bio-Chemical Synthesis Routes Using Biomass (Cellulosic Material).

Oxosynthesis (Hydroformylation): Syngas and Olefinic Hydrocarbons and Chemical Synthesis.

Slag or Vitrified Slag or Ash from Gasification Reactor and Specialty By-Product Options.

Vitrified Slag, Slag, and Ashes: Research and Development (R&D), Marketing, and Sales.

Process for Resolving Problems with Ashes.

Production of Road Material from Slag and Vitrified Slag.

Production and Uses of Rock Wool, Stone Wool, and Mineral Wool.

Production of Aggregate.

Production of Flame-Resistant Foam.

Destruction of Asbestos Wastes via Vitrification.

Discussion of Potential Markets for the Vitrified Slag.

References.

11 MSW Gasifiers and Process Equipment.

Conventional Gasifiers/Gasification Reactors.

ChevronTexaco Entrained-Flow Gasifier.

E-GasTM Entrained-Flow Gasifier.

Shell Entrained-Flow Gasifier.

Lurgi Dry-Ash Gasifier and British Gas/Lurgi Gasifier.

Prenflo Entrained Bed Gasifier.

Noell Entrained Flow Gasifier.

High-Temperature Winkler Gasifier.

KRW Fluidized Bed Gasifier.

Plasma Arc Gasification Technology.

Alter Nrg Plasma Gasifier (Westinghouse Plasma Corporation) System.

EUROPLASMA, Plasma Arc System.

Phoenix Solutions Plasma Arc Torches, Phoenix Solutions Company (PSC).

PyroGenesis Plasma-Based Waste to Energy.

Integrated Environmental Technologies, LLC (InEnTec).

Other Gasification Technology.

Thermoselect Process by Interstate Waste Technologies.

Primenergy's Gasification System at Moderate Temperatures.

Nexterra's Gasification System at Moderate Temperatures.

Other Process Equipments.

Candle Filter.

Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA) Units.

Mercury Removal Systems.

Main Sulfur Removal Technologies.

Combustion Turbine for Syngas and Gas Engine for Syngas.

Siemens-Westinghouse Syngas Combustion Turbine for Syngas.

General Electric (GE) Combustion Turbine for Syngas.

GE Gas Engine for Syngas.

Noncontact Solids Flow Meter for Waste Solids (RayMas® Meter).

References.

12 Other Renewable Energy Sources.

Wind Energy: Introduction.

Big Wind Systems to Energy.

Economic Example and Cases.

Discussion of Economics For the Large Wind Farm Cases.

Economy of Scale Associated With Wind Farms.

Small Wind Systems to Energy.

Discussion of Economics for the Small Wind Farm Cases.

Hydroelectric Energy: Introduction.

Hydroelectric Mill Dam: Nashua, Iowa.

Discussion of the Nashua Hydroelectric Economic Analyses.

Hydroelectric Mill Dam: Delhi, Iowa.

Discussion of the Delhi Hydroelectric Economic Analyses.

Hydroelectric Mill Dam: Fort Dodge, Iowa.

Discussion of the Fort Dodge Hydroelectric Economic Analyses.

Daily Flow and Production Methodology, Fort Dodge Mill Dam Hydroelectric Facility.

References.

13 Waste Energy to Recycled Energy.

Introduction.

References.

Index.

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Sort by: Showing all of 5 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted November 28, 2010

    Not worth the money or the information!

    With the mentioned 40 years experience this author claims to have, I would have expected a lot more. I walked away with no additional insight in the topic. I don't recommend you waste your money on this product.

    1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted May 13, 2011

    Required reading, well researched, but technical

    I read Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes by Gary Young. The book is a practical feasibility-level review of several processes for disposal of municipal solid waste by pyrolysis, with electric power and aggregates as by-products. These are then financially compared to other sources of renewable electric power. While the various pyrolysis processes are described at a college introductory level, the heart of the book is the economics of the processes, and how they stack up against each other. An electric arc pyrolysis technology is shown to have favorable economics, produce much more electircity than is consumed, and has minimal left-over waste; in most cases this remaining rock-like waste is useable as an aggregate. An engineering firm, businessman, or government administrator considering disposal or reuse of municipal solid waste, and those with an interest in renewable power would find a wealth of economic information in this book. This includes descriptions of the processes, and worked out preliminary cash-flow examples. of the processes. Concluding chapters compare arc pyrolysis to small hydro and to wind for their renewable electric power production. The chapters on environmental issues are thorough, and one includes 58 references. It is pointed out that the arc process is one of the very few methods available that can effectively melt asbestos fibers, rendering them a harmless, inert glass. (The detailed econnomic examples show what 40 years' experience as a chemical process engineering manager in industry can achieve and is clearly vital business information, but not always casual reading. While valuable, the calculations could be skimmed unless needed.) This book may not be suited to someone at a high school or college introductory level. However, for a by-the-numbers investor, an engineer engaged in municipal solid waste evaluation, or a technically oriented decision maker, this book is required reading.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 15, 2011

    Bookshelf to Landfill... This One Belongs in the Trash!

    I was terribly disappointed with this book, though it is not without
    distinction. It's distinction is that I have several hundred
    environmental publications and this is arguably the worst of the
    bunch. Instead of "curbside to landfill" I'm thinking "bookshelf to
    landfill." I can't believe that Wiley published this book. Yes,
    there is a dearth of books on the subject matter, but does that mean
    you completely set aside your publishing standards? This book is
    disorganized, poorly written, and ridiculously overpriced. It is
    targeted at audiences ranging from the general public to researchers.
    Frankly, you will only enjoy this book if you have an appetite for
    inane history combined with a schizophrenic mix of tables, figures,
    and text lifted from published standards and equipment vendors. The
    book's only original content is easy to identify because the grammar
    is so poor. Does Wiley not use editors anymore? Even the chapter
    titles aren't free of grammatical mistakes and redundancy. Cash Flows
    as a Revenue Source? Really?! Save your money and look to other
    sources.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Posted December 5, 2010

    Highly recommended for college professors to county/state/federal decision makers to everyday citizens.

    I saw this book and read the publishers reviews on your Barnes and Nobel Site, so I purchased the book. The high level educational return in this MSW Process data was due diligence at its finest. In all my reading this is the first documented book that has green answers to municipal solid waste issues. Waste to energy is a huge concern which is not only the United States. The conversion process, economic data, technical comparisons,and all the hydroelectric energy issues all were from evidenced based facts. The cash flows charts, plant operations along with the waste to power in ethanol plants were valuable. This is the only book I have seen, or read reviews about, that has all the different waste and renewable avenues to generate energy by way of technology in one book.
    This data proves that the technical advancements, and economic data can all be applied to positive commercialization. The world if full of waste which needs to be turned into a valuable commodity for all communities - local - state and federal. Most importantly it can be done in a safe manner and create sustainable employment value to our USA. One huge benefit and feature is a way to 'energy security'. I checked some University sites and they have this on their list of 'reference books' that are for engineering, science and environment classes. The clarity of the data was what I was in search of and looking for. Thanks Barnes and Nobel for you chosing this book for your site so I could purchase and gain valuable documented facts. I see the books that are listed below as purchased was also was evidence that this is a book in need to anyone who wants to
    read. Technology can and will help the world.

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 7, 2011

    No text was provided for this review.

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