Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

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Overview

Orthopedic Biomechanics sheds light on an important and interesting discipline at the interface between medical and natural sciences. Understanding the effects of mechanical influences on the human body is the first step toward developing innovative treatment and rehabilitation concepts for orthopedic disorders. This book provides valuable information on the forces acting on muscles, tendons, and bones.

Beginning with the step-by-step fundamentals of physics and mechanics, it goes on to cover the function and loading of joints, movement in two- and three-dimensions, and the properties of biological tissues. This book explains the practical importance of biomechanics, including special chapters addressing the mechanical causes of disk prolapse, load on the spine in sitting and standing positions, and the correlation between mechanical loading and bone density.

Key Features:

  • Limited use of complex vector equations while providing in-depth treatment analysis
  • Exquisitely illustrated, detailed descriptions of the mechanical aspects of every major joint in the body: hip, shoulder, knee, and lumbar spine
  • Extensive references for further information
  • Valuable appendixes describing the interaction between mechanical and biological functions as well as mathematical tools necessary to understand technically demanding concepts

This book also analyzes techniques for changing the effects on bones and joints through therapy, training, external aids, modified behavior, and ergonomic improvements. An essential resource for orthopedists and physical therapists alike, it will help you understand past and current scientific work in the field and how to apply state-of-the-art solutions to the problems you'll encounter on a daily basis.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Contains current information on the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system...provides a good understanding of mechanical principles...valuable to physicians, residents, and technicians. --Doody's Review Journaluseful tool. . .reference text. . .simple and easy-to-read figures and diagrams. . .detailed information. . .useful reference for biomechanists. . Those who would like to expand on that knowledge will find this book a good resource --Physical Therapy...this book has value for any health-care professional who wants to learn something about biomechanics in general or in any of the specific areas covered. The strength of the book lies in its broad coverage of the fundamentals of biomechanics. ...the book may be useful to anyone who wants to establish or extend his or her musculoskeletal biomechanical skills. --The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, 09/2002
Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Riad Barmada, MD (University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine)
Description: This small book contains current information on the biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a guide to understanding the mechanical principles that guide the function of the musculoskeletal system.
Audience: The audience includes researchers and practitioners in rehabilitation, physical therapy and orthopaedics.
Features: The book includes a brief introduction to fundamental physics and mechanics, mechanical properties of the soft tissues and bone, and function of joints.
Assessment: Orthopedists, physical therapists, and all other clinicians involved in treating and rehabbing patients with problems of the musculoskeletal system benefit from a good understanding of mechanical principles that guide the function of the system. The book is valuable to physicians, residents, and technicians in all of these specialties.
From The Critics
Brinckmann and Wolgfang Frobin (both experimental biomechanics, U. M√ľnster, Germany) and Gunnar Leivseth (neurosciences, Norwegian U. of Science and Technology, Trondheim) present the lines of thought and procedures in orthopedic biomechanics, and the current state of knowledge about mechanical effects on the human locomotive system. They include only minimal reference to physics and mechanics and the simplest possible mathematical calculations, and suggest that readers dig out their old textbooks if they want deeper explanation into those areas. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781588900807
  • Publisher: Thieme
  • Publication date: 4/26/2002
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 256
  • Sales rank: 1,043,463
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Meet the Author


Professor, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Trondheim, Trondheim, Norway
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Table of Contents

1 Musculoskeletal Biomechanics, an Important and Interesting Discipline at the Interface between Medical and Natural Sciences 1
2 Basic Concepts from Physics and Mechanics 4
3 Vector Algebra 17
4 Translation and Rotation in a Plane 28
5 Mechanical Equilibrium 35
6 Material Properties of Solid Materials 40
7 Deformation and Strength of Structures 48
8 Estimation of the Load Transmitted by Joints of the Human Locomotor System by Means of a Biomechanical Model Calculation 57
9 Mechanical Aspects of the Hip Joint 69
10 Mechanical Aspects of the Knee 85
11 Mechanical Aspects of the Lumbar Spine 105
12 Mechanical Aspects of the Shoulder 129
13 Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle 136
14 Mechanical Properties of Bones 155
15 Mechanical Aspects of Skin 169
Appendix 177
A1 Loading of the Lumbar Spine when Sitting or Standing 178
A2 What do we Know about Primary Mechanical Causes of Lumbar Disk Prolapse? 185
A3 Influence of Physical Activity on Architecture and Density of Bones. An Overview of Observations in Humans 190
B1 Mathematical Description of Translation and Rotation in a Plane 199
B2 Mathematical Description of Translation and Rotation in Three-Dimensional Space 205
B3 Dealing with Errors 227
Designations and Units 237
Index 239
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