Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities

by Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council
     
 

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and… See more details below

Overview

Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers.

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps.

This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309072847
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
05/25/2001
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
512
Product dimensions:
5.40(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Executive Summary1
Pt. IIntroduction
1Introduction17
2Dimensions of the Problem38
3Methodological Issues and Approaches65
Pt. IIReview of the Evidence
4Epidemiologic Evidence85
5Tissue Mechanobiology184
6Biomechanics219
7Occupational Stress287
8Interventions in the Workplace301
9Work Now and in the Future330
Pt. IIIImplications
10Patterns of Evidence351
11Conclusions and Recommendations364
12Research Agenda370
References375
App. AAnswers to Questions Posed by Congress431
App. BDissent, Robert M. Szabo439
App. CPanel Response to the Dissent458
App. DContributors to the Report461
App. EBiographical Sketches of Panel Members and Staff465
Index471

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