Museum Origins: Readings in Early Museum History and Philosophy / Edition 1

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With the development of institutions displaying natural science, history, and art in the late 19th century came the debates over the role of these museum in society. This anthology collects 50 of the most important writings on museum philosophy dating from this formative period, written by many of the American and European founders of the field. Genoways and Andrei contextualize these pieces with a series of introductions showing how the museum field developed within the social environment of the era. For those interested in museum history and philosophy or cultural history, this is an essential resource.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Museum Origins: Readings in Early Museum History and Philosophy/ offers a compelling assortment of writings by early luminaries in the museum administration field…. In the aggregate, these writings demonstrate the theoretical basis for museums as important cultural and educational institutions, yet individually they tend to address the practical, ground-level explorations at the heart of all cultural and scientific studies. In any case, the book’s editors have compiled an indispensable sourcebook for those wanting to become acquainted with the museum’s transition from an institution of sensational curiosities to one of scientific rigor and social virtue. - Bradley J. Wiles, The American Archivist

Museum Origins is a welcome addition to the museological literature, providing mostly short excerpts of both well-known and obscure writings from a crucial period in museum history. … For readers interested in museum history there are delightful rewards in browsing Museum Origins as a starting point for exploration.”

-George Hein, Visitor Studies

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598741971
  • Publisher: Left Coast Press
  • Publication date: 5/31/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 344
  • Sales rank: 746,564
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Hugh H. Genoways is Professor Emeritus at the University of Nebraska State Museum, former editor of the journals Collections and Current Mammology, and past president of American Society of Mammologists. Mary Anne Andrei is Lecturer, Department of History, University of Virginia and a specialist in the history of science. Genoways and Andrei are the founding editors of the journal Museum History.

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Table of Contents

Preface     9
About the Editors     11
Museum Origins     13
Geography   Strabo     15
Rerum Rusticarum Libri Tres   Marcus Terentius Varro     17
The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, Antiquary, of Oxford, 1632-1695, described by Himself, Collected from his Diaries and Other Papers   Andrew Clark     19
My Design in Forming this Museum   Charles Willson Peale     23
The Mount Vernon Association   Sara Agnes Pryor     29
A Word About Museums   Edwin Lawrence Godkin     33
The History of the Origin and Development of Museums   H. A. Hagen     39
Museum Philosophy     49
An Address on the Practical Value of the American Museum   Luigi Palma di Cesnola     51
Purposes and Aims of Modern Museums   Frederic A. Lucas     57
The Functions of Museums   Paul M. Rea     61
War Museums   H. Bolton     65
Museums and the People   Erwin H. Barbour     69
State and Local Historical Societies   Reuben Gold Thwaites     73
On the Ideal Relations of Public Libraries, Museums, and Art Gallery to the City   Oliver C. Farrington     79
The Art Museum and the Public   Mariana Alley Van Rensselaer     83
English Art Connoisseurship and Collecting   Sir J. C. Robinson     91
The New Museum     97
The Use and Abuse of Museums   W. Stanley Jevons     99
The Relationships and Responsibilities of Museums   G. Brown Goode     111
Modern Museums   William Henry Flower     125
Museum Ideals of Purpose and Method   Benjamin Ives Gilman     129
The New Museum   John Cotton Dana     137
The Museum Conscience   Joseph Grinnell     143
Museum Ethics   L. Earle Rowe     147
Museum Education     153
The Children's Museum as an Educator   Anna Billings Gallup     155
The Relation of the Museum to the Schools   Carolyn M. Rea     161
If Public Libraries, Why Not Public Museums?   Edward S. Morse     165
The Museum in Educational Work   Frederick Starr     171
The Museum, the Original Exponent of Visual Education   Frank C. Baker     175
The Function of the Museum Instructor   Elizabeth M. Whitmore     179
Museums and Other Classified Collections as Instruments of Education in Natural Science   Henry Scadding     183
The Place of Museums in Education   Thomas Greenwood     187
The Museum's Part in the Making of Americans   Laura W. L. Scales     191
The Museum's Educational Credo   Winifred E. Howe     195
Museum Exhibition     199
Museum for the People   Alfred Russel Wallace     201
The Improvements Effected in Modern Museums of Europe and Australia   Gerard Krefft$dextensive quotes from John E. Gray     209
The Dulness of Museums   John George Wood     217
The Anthropological Exhibits at the American Museum of Natural History   George A. Dorsey     225
Some Principles of Museum Administration   Franz Boas     231
Modern Exhibitional Tendencies of Museums of Natural History and Ethnology Designed for Public Use   Henry L. Ward     241
Museums and Universities     249
On the Educational Uses of Museums   Edward Forbes     251
The Social Museum as an Instrument of University Teaching   Francis G. Peabody     257
The Relation of the Art Museum to a University   Edward W. Forbes     261
Training Museum Workers    Homer R. Dill     265
Museums and Their Purpose   N. H. Winchell     269
Philosophy of Museums with Living Collections     275
Botanical Gardens   Nathaniel Lord Britton     277
The Missouri Botanical Garden   William Trelease     283
The Arnold Arboretum: What it is and Does   Charles Sprague Sargent     289
Zoological Gardens, a Critical Essay   Theodore Link     293
The Making of a Zoological-park Masterpiece   William T. Hornaday     297
Administration of the Public Aquarium   Charles H. Townsend     303
References     307
About the Authors     319
Index     339
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