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Mussolini and Fascism

Overview

On October 29, 1922, while the fascist squads marched through the streets of Rome, the king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, gave Benito Mussolini the mandate to form a new government. Many believed the fascist period in power would not last long. But the reality turned out quite differently. The march on Rome of the black shirts dealt a decisive blow to the fragile liberal democracy. The murder of Matteotti, the attempt to create a totalitarian state, the annihilation of the opposition, the alliance with Hitler, ...
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Overview

On October 29, 1922, while the fascist squads marched through the streets of Rome, the king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, gave Benito Mussolini the mandate to form a new government. Many believed the fascist period in power would not last long. But the reality turned out quite differently. The march on Rome of the black shirts dealt a decisive blow to the fragile liberal democracy. The murder of Matteotti, the attempt to create a totalitarian state, the annihilation of the opposition, the alliance with Hitler, and the wars in Ethiopia and Spain were the most significant steps of the long journey of the Italian people through dictatorship. Ending with the disaster of the Second World War and the tragic finale of the Republic of Salo, it was an experience that would mark the history of the 20th century and throw its shadow across postwar Italy.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781566563406
  • Publisher: Interlink Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 8/1/2000
  • Series: Interlink Illustrated Histories Series
  • Pages: 157
  • Product dimensions: 5.20 (w) x 7.50 (h) x 0.50 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Rise to Power 8
The Failure of the Liberal Oligarchy 10
The History of Italy and the History of Fascism 12
Mussolini from Socialism to Fascism 14
Fascism Takes Over in the Countryside 19
1921: Fascists in Parliament 22
The Support of the Liberals 24
From Naples to Rome, the Road to Government 26
Mussolini from 1883 to 1914 15
II Popolo d'Italia 20
October 1922: The March on Rome 27
Chapter 2 Mussolini in Government 30
The Double Fascist State 32
Education and Electoral Reforms 36
1924: The Murder of Matteotti 40
Toward Dictatorship 43
The Militia: A Parallel Army 34
Against Freedom of the Press 37
Chapter 3 The Fascist Regime 46
The Authoritarian Police State 48
In the World of Work 52
The Countryside Offensive 55
A State within the State 57
The Accord with the Church 59
The Powers of II Duce 50
The Persecution of Antifascism 53
From the Carta del Lavoro 54
Chapter 4 The Search for a Consensus 62
The Collaboration of the Intellectuals 65
Forms and Instruments of Mass Culture 69
The "Third Way" and the Corporate State 72
An Instrument of Propaganda 77
Fascism Defines Itself 67
The Foundations of the Corporate State 74
Chapter 5 Italy in Black Shirts 80
Imperfect Totalitarianism 82
A Silent Resistance 85
The Many Faces of Antifascism 89
1932: The New Statute of the PNF 87
The Indifferent and the Antifascist 91
Chapter 6 Foreign Policy 96
Destabilizing Europe 98
The Conquest of Empire 101
The Alliance with Germany 106
The War in Spain 109
The Attack on Ethiopia 103
The War in Ethiopia 104
The Forces of Fascism 112
Chapter 7 The Catastrophe of War 114
Italy Enters the War 116
The Illusion of a Brief War 119
A Nation Suffers 124
The Fall of Mussolini and the Armistice 128
The Pact of Steel 117
The Declaration of War 120
The July 25 Announcement 130
Chapter 8 A Difficult Legacy 134
The Italian Social Republic 136
Resistance and Liberation 139
The Missed Opportunity 141
The Legacy and Shadow of Fascism 145
An Unfinished Balance Sheet 150
The Republic of Salo 138
The End of Mussolini 141
The Republican Constitution 145
Bibliography 153
Chronology 154
Index of Names 156
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