- Williamson Murray, Institute for Defense Analyses
"Scholars have attempted to explain Fascist Italy's foreign and military policies in isolation from one another. But Benito Mussolini dominated both, and the Duce of Fascism was no split personality. John Gooch's pioneering study covers both key aspects of Fascist policy on the basis of extensive research in the difficult-of-access archives of the armed forces and foreign ministry. The result is an unprecedented achievement: a meticulous account that ties together diplomacy, deployment planning, the organizational agendas and force structures of the three services, and the dictator's often bizarre policy inspirations."
- MacGregor Knox, The London School of Economics and Political Science
"John Gooch has written a thorough and fully documented study of Italian military policy during Mussolini's Fascist rule. Gooch's work makes untenable the common, if condescending or escapist, view that this regime's warring was no more than a joke. Yet his rich detail does make manifest the innumerable and unresolved contradictions, both structural and personal, that dogged the ideologically driven efforts to raise Italy above its habitual role as the least of the Great Powers. Here, Gooch comprehensively shows us, was a war-mongering dictatorship destined to lose its serious wars."
- Professor R.J.B. Bosworth, School of Humanities, The University of Western Australia
"A very good book, for the very serious student of Fascism, Italy, or the Second World War." -The NYMAS Review
"...the wealth of new evidence Gooch provides makes his latest work a useful source for scholars of the Second World War and modern Italian history." Nicolas Virtue, University of West Ontario: Canadian Journal of History
"In his masterful and highly detailed study of Italian diplomacy and military power under fascism, John Gooch examines year by year and in great detail the interaction between Il Duce's foreign policy goalsfrom 1922 to Italy's entry into the Second World War in 1940and the response of the army, navy, and air force as they sought to accommodate Mussolini's ever evolving ambitions...Mussolini and his Generals is at once a history of Italian foreign policy and its military strategy. It is the definitive work in English on this subject."
The Historian, Alexander De Grande, North Carolina State University