My Daughter, the Teacher: Jewish Teachers in the New York City Schools / Edition 1

My Daughter, the Teacher: Jewish Teachers in the New York City Schools / Edition 1

by Ruth Jacknow Markowitz
     
 

"'My son, the doctor' and 'my daughter, the teacher' were among the most cherished phrases of Jewish immigrant parents," writes Ruth Markowitz in recounting this story of Jewish women who taught school in New York. Teaching was an attractive profession to the daughters of immigrants. It provided status, security, was compatible with marriage, and licenses did not… See more details below

Overview

"'My son, the doctor' and 'my daughter, the teacher' were among the most cherished phrases of Jewish immigrant parents," writes Ruth Markowitz in recounting this story of Jewish women who taught school in New York. Teaching was an attractive profession to the daughters of immigrants. It provided status, security, was compatible with marriage, and licenses did not require expensive training. In the interwar years, Jewish women in New York entered teaching in large and unprecedented numbers. In fact, by 1960 the majority of all New York teachers were Jewish women. By interviewing sixty-one retired teachers, Ruth Markowitz re-creates their lives and the far-reaching influence they had on public education.
Markowitz reveals the barriers these women faced, from lack of parental and financial support to discrimination, as they pursued their educations. Those women who completed their training still had dificulty finding teacing positions, especially during the Depression. Once hired, the teachers' days were filled with overcrowded classes, improperly maintained facilities, enormous amounts of paperwork, few free periods, and countless extracurricular obligations. They also found themselves providing social services; Markowitz finds a large number of teachers who took a special interest in minority children.
The teachers Markowitz interviewed often agree with the assessment others have made that the 1930s were in their own way a golden age in the schools. The retired teachers remember the difficult times, but also their love of teaching and the difference they made in the classrooms. Their energy, intiative, and drive will help inspire teachers today, who face the serious problems of drugs, teenage pregnancy, and violence in the classrooms.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813519753
Publisher:
Rutgers University Press
Publication date:
09/01/1993
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.55(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
1From Mother's Kitchen to Teacher's Desk: Education and Jewish Immigrant Daughters1
2Subway Scholars at Concrete Campuses: Daughters of Jewish Immigrants Prepare for the Teaching Profession18
3Pamphlets, Petitions, and Pickets: The Experience of New York City Women as Student Activists during the Depression Decade40
4Repression and Punishment: The Reaction to Student Activists56
5Examinations, Enunciation, and Endurance: The Ordeal of Obtaining Licenses and Appointments to Teach75
6Inside the School: The Shared Experiences of New York City Teachers93
7A Very Long Day: Teachers' Duties after the Dismissal Bell116
8Profession or Procession?: Schoolteaching and Motherhood132
9Anti-Unionism, Anti-Semitism, and Anti-Communism in New York City Schools151
10Afterword173
Notes on Sources177
Notes181
Bibliography205
Index217

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