My Daughter, the Teacher: Jewish Teachers in the New York City Schools / Edition 1

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"'My son, the doctor' and 'my daughter, the teacher' were among the most cherished phrases of Jewish immigrant parents," writes Ruth Markowitz in recounting this story of Jewish women who taught school in New York. Teaching was an attractive profession to the daughters of immigrants. It provided status, security, was compatible with marriage, and licenses did not require expensive training. In the interwar years, Jewish women in New York entered teaching in large and unprecedented numbers. In fact, by 1960 the majority of all New York teachers were Jewish women. By interviewing sixty-one retired teachers, Ruth Markowitz re-creates their lives and the far-reaching influence they had on public education.
Markowitz reveals the barriers these women faced, from lack of parental and financial support to discrimination, as they pursued their educations. Those women who completed their training still had dificulty finding teacing positions, especially during the Depression. Once hired, the teachers' days were filled with overcrowded classes, improperly maintained facilities, enormous amounts of paperwork, few free periods, and countless extracurricular obligations. They also found themselves providing social services; Markowitz finds a large number of teachers who took a special interest in minority children.
The teachers Markowitz interviewed often agree with the assessment others have made that the 1930s were in their own way a golden age in the schools. The retired teachers remember the difficult times, but also their love of teaching and the difference they made in the classrooms. Their energy, intiative, and drive will help inspire teachers today, who face the serious problems of drugs, teenage pregnancy, and violence in the classrooms.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813519753
  • Publisher: Rutgers University Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1993
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.55 (d)

Table of Contents

1 From Mother's Kitchen to Teacher's Desk: Education and Jewish Immigrant Daughters 1
2 Subway Scholars at Concrete Campuses: Daughters of Jewish Immigrants Prepare for the Teaching Profession 18
3 Pamphlets, Petitions, and Pickets: The Experience of New York City Women as Student Activists during the Depression Decade 40
4 Repression and Punishment: The Reaction to Student Activists 56
5 Examinations, Enunciation, and Endurance: The Ordeal of Obtaining Licenses and Appointments to Teach 75
6 Inside the School: The Shared Experiences of New York City Teachers 93
7 A Very Long Day: Teachers' Duties after the Dismissal Bell 116
8 Profession or Procession?: Schoolteaching and Motherhood 132
9 Anti-Unionism, Anti-Semitism, and Anti-Communism in New York City Schools 151
10 Afterword 173
Notes on Sources 177
Notes 181
Bibliography 205
Index 217
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