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Myth: Its Meaning and Functions in Ancient and Other Cultures / Edition 1
     

Myth: Its Meaning and Functions in Ancient and Other Cultures / Edition 1

by G. S. Kirk
 

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ISBN-10: 0520023897

ISBN-13: 2900520023894

Pub. Date: 06/08/1973

Publisher: University of California Press


This book attempts to come to grips with a set of widely ranging but connected problems concerning myths: their relation to folktales on the one hand, to rituals on the other; the validity and scope of the structuralist theory of myth; the range of possible mythical functions; the effects of developed social institutions and literacy; the character and meaning

Overview


This book attempts to come to grips with a set of widely ranging but connected problems concerning myths: their relation to folktales on the one hand, to rituals on the other; the validity and scope of the structuralist theory of myth; the range of possible mythical functions; the effects of developed social institutions and literacy; the character and meaning of ancient Near-Eastern myths and their influence on Greece; the special forms taken by Greek myths and their involvement with rational modes of thought; the status of myths as expressions of the unconscious, as allied with dreams, as universal symbols, or as accidents of primarily narrative aims.
 
Almost none of these problems has been convincingly handled, even in a provisional way, up to the present, and this failure has vitiated not only such few general discussions as exist of the nature, meanings and functions of myths but also, in many cases, the detailed assessment of individual myths of different cultures. 
 
The need for a coherent treatment of these and related problems, and one that is not concerned simply to propagate a particular universalistic theory, seems undeniable. How far the present book will satisfactorily fill such a need remains to be seen. At least it makes a beginning, even if in doing so it risks the criticism of being neither fish nor fowl. Sociologists and folklorists may find it, from their specialized viewpoints, a little simplistic in places; and a few classical colleagues will not forgive me for straying far beyond Greek myths, even though these can hardly be understood in isolation or solely in the light of studies in cult and ritual. Others may find it less easy than anthropologists, sociologists, historians of thought or students of French and English literature to accept the relevance of Levi-Strauss to some of these matters; but his theory contains the one important new idea in this field since Freud, it is complicated and largely untested, and it demands careful attention from anyone attempting a broad understanding of the subject. The beliefs of Freud and Jung, on the other hand, are a more familiar element in the situation and have given rise to an enormous secondary literature, much of it arbitrary and some of it absurd. The author has tried to isolate the crucial ideas and subject them to a pointed, if too brief, critique; so too with those of Ernst Cassirer.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
2900520023894
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
06/08/1973
Series:
Sather Classical Lectures Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
311

Table of Contents

Prefacev
Abbreviationsix
IMyth, Ritual and Folktale1
1Introductory1
2Myth, religion and ritual8
3The relation of myths to folktales31
IILevi-Strauss and the Structural Approach42
1An outline of the theory with some preliminary questions42
2A relatively simple example--the tale of Asdiwal50
3The South American material58
4Geriguiaguiatugo and related myths63
5Some desirable modifications73
6The limits of the structural approach77
IIIThe Nature of Myths in Ancient Mesopotamia84
1Introduction84
2Irrigation and fertility90
3Three myths of the underworld107
4The nature of Sumerian myths115
5Akkadian myths118
IVNature and Culture: Gilgamesh, Centaurs and Cyclopes132
1Gilgamesh132
2The Centaurs152
3The Cyclopes162
VThe Qualities of Greek Myths172
1The thematic simplicity of the myths172
2Basic concerns underlying the conventional structure190
3A comparison with Germanic, Egyptian and Hindu mythology205
4The myths of Western Asia--Hurrian Kumarbi and Greek Kronos213
5The myths of Western Asia--Hittite and Canaanite220
6Greek and Asiatic myths: a summary223
7Mythical speculation in Hesiod226
8Mythical and rational thought238
VITales, Dreams, Symbols: Towards a Fuller Understanding of Myths252
1A suggested typology of functions252
2Theories of mythical expression: Cassirer and others261
3Fantasy and dreams268
4Archetypes and symbols275
5Possibilities of origin280
Index287

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