The Myth of Pain / Edition 1

The Myth of Pain / Edition 1

by Valerie Gray Hardcastle
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262082837

ISBN-13: 9780262082839

Pub. Date: 11/19/1999

Publisher: MIT Press

Pain, although very common, is little understood. Worse still, according to Valerie Gray Hardcastle, both professional and lay definitions of pain are wrongheaded -- with consequences for how pain and pain patients are treated, how psychological disorders are understood, and how clinicians define the mind/body relationship.

Hardcastle offers a biologically based

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Overview

Pain, although very common, is little understood. Worse still, according to Valerie Gray Hardcastle, both professional and lay definitions of pain are wrongheaded -- with consequences for how pain and pain patients are treated, how psychological disorders are understood, and how clinicians define the mind/body relationship.

Hardcastle offers a biologically based complex theory of pain processing, inhibition, and sensation and then uses this theory to make several arguments: (1) psychogenic pains do not exist; (2) a general lack of knowledge about fundamental brain function prevents us from distinguishing between mental and physical causes, although the distinction remains useful; (3) most pain talk should be eliminated from both the folk and academic communities; and (4) such a biological approach is useful generally for explaining disorders in pain processing. She shows how her analysis of pain can serve as a model for the analysis of other psychological disorders and suggests that her project be taken as a model for the philosophical analysis of disorders in psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262082839
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
11/19/1999
Series:
Philosophical Psychopathology Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
314
Product dimensions:
6.22(w) x 9.19(h) x 0.94(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Series Forewordxi
Acknowledgmentsxiii
1The Myths of Pain1
A Brief and Scattered History of Pain2
A Vague Road Map and Preview6
2Pathological Pains9
Setting the Stage11
Are Pains a Mental Disorder?16
A Brief Tour of the Official Line16
The Psychology of Chronic Pain20
Methodological Ills21
Diagnostic Tools24
The Pain Personality29
3Mind over Matter?35
The Terms of the Debate36
Mental Causation37
Naturalizing Content39
The Real Question44
In Defense of Lazy Materialism45
Distinctions and Definitions46
Defining Mental States51
Meeting Stich's Challenge: Philosophy's Place in Science56
Mental versus Physical Causes58
4What We Don't Know about Brains: Two Competing Perspectives61
The Feature-Detection Perspective62
The Organization of the Brain63
The Feature-Detection Perspective on the Dorsal Horn67
Problems with the Perspective72
The Dynamical Systems Approach75
A Primer on Dynamical Systems77
A Reason to Switch78
A Dynamical Systems Perspective on the Dorsal Horn81
Problems with the Approach85
The Moral of the Story: Incompatible Approaches87
A Difference in Explanatory Strategies87
The Pragmatics of Neuroscience90
5The Nature of Pain93
Pain as a Sensory System93
The Complexity of Our Sensory Systems96
A Sketch of Our Pain System101
Philosophy's Error103
The Awfulness of Pain107
Images of Pain108
The Emotion of Pain112
Chronic Pain Possibilities115
The Dynamical Approach118
6When a Pain Isn't121
The Strangeness of Pain122
Correlations between Nociception and Perception122
Illusions of Pain124
IASP's Reaction127
Gate Theories of Pain128
A Pain-Inhibiting System130
Self-Injurious Behavior and Other Oddities134
The Demographics of SIB Patients135
Understanding SIB138
7"But Is It Going to Hurt?"145
The Complexity of Pain Sensations146
Eliminating Pain151
Defending Eliminative Materialism152
The Referents of Pain Terms153
Direct Knowledge154
The Necessity of Pain Talk157
Eliminating Our Scientific Theories159
The Irony of Pain Elimination162
Connectionism and the Mind163
Marr's Levels164
Back to Pain170
8What We Do Know about Treating Pain173
The Traditional "Cures"173
Surgery174
Drugs176
Pain Clinics177
Nontraditional Approaches180
A Brief History of Hypnosis180
What We Do Know about Hypnotism185
What Counts as a Cure191
Pain in Children and Infants193
9Epilogue: Pain as a Paradigm for Philosophical Psychopathology201
Notes209
References229
Index281

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