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From August to October 1913, 43-year-old Joseph Knowles went alone, naked and without supplies, into the Maine woods, vowing to live for two months by his own devices. The stunt, sponsored by the Boston Post, generated publicity for Knowles and increased readership for the newspaper, but later proved to be a hoax, one of several examples of nature fakery in the early 20th century that Motavalli (Forward Drive) discusses in this entertaining and evenhanded account of the life of the Nature Man. Knowles got another chance to prove himself when William Randolph Hearst backed a second naked wilderness foray, this time in California and with sanctioned observers to watch over Knowles. A third expedition would have put Knowles in the Adirondacks with a naked woman, but this fizzled when "Dawn Woman," as she was called, quit after realizing she would have to endure cold weather and kill wild animals. Motavalli sees the humor in these exploits, but also describes Knowles as a skilled woodsman with a sincere love of the outdoors that reflected the back-to-nature movement of his time. He paints a sympathetic picture of a man with a tragic flaw, showing how Knowles succumbed to media hype and tried to maintain his Nature Man image long after public interest in his wilderness experiment had subsided. Illus. (Feb.)Copyright 2007 Reed Business Information
To place an individual in the time and place in which he or she lived so that a reader can understand both the person and the period is a smooth talent. Motavalli, editor of E/The Environmental Magazine, demonstrates this skill in describing the peripatetic life of Joseph Knowles (ca. 1869-1942) and the last 30 years of his life. Knowles is best remembered, if remembered at all, for his stunt on the eve of World War I, and repeated twice more, of disappearing into the woods for several weeks, naked, without any implements to survive. During the sojourn, he would send out pictures (he was a talented painter) and notes on birch bark. It is hard to imagine how Americans were taken with this stunt. But as Motavalli makes clear, the opening decades of the 20th century were a time when Americans were puzzled by how to remain both physically strong and survive in the natural world while at the same time coexisting with the inventions (e.g., light bulbs, electricity, cars) that were making their lives easier. Adding to this puzzlement was the loss of the Wild West as a spiritual location against which to physically test oneself. This lively biography/adventure story/cultural history is recommended for all collections and, particularly, for public libraries.
—Michael D. Cramer