Nanoparticles: Building Blocks for Nanotechnology


The diverse structures and properties of nanoparticles make them useful tools for both fundamental studies and pragmatic applications in a range of disciplines. This volume is intended to explore this diversity. The first section covers on formation of nanoparticles, and assembly of these systems into structured systems. The second section focuses on both the fundamental physical properties of nanoparticles and pragmatic applications of these systems in the areas of device and materials fabrication. The book will...
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The diverse structures and properties of nanoparticles make them useful tools for both fundamental studies and pragmatic applications in a range of disciplines. This volume is intended to explore this diversity. The first section covers on formation of nanoparticles, and assembly of these systems into structured systems. The second section focuses on both the fundamental physical properties of nanoparticles and pragmatic applications of these systems in the areas of device and materials fabrication. The book will approach the subject from a chemical standpoint, in contrast to most books which are oriented towards materials science or physics. It will also appeal to materials scientists and physicists who are becoming aware of the contributions that chemists can make here.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781461347705
  • Publisher: Springer US
  • Publication date: 4/30/2013
  • Series: Nanostructure Science and Technology Series
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2004
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 284
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Table of Contents

1. Synthesis and Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles.- 1.1 Introduction.- 1.2 Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles.- 1.3 Synthesis of Single Metal MNPs.- 1.4 Synthesis of Alloyed Metal Nanoparticles.- 1.5 Synthesis of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles.- 1.6 Self-assembled monolayers on Iron and Iron Oxide MNPs.- 1.7 Preparation of Bioconjugate MNPs.- 1.8 BlOsynthetic routes to MNPs.- 1.9 Synthesis of Diluted Magnetic Semiconductor Nanoparticles.- 1.10 Synthesis of Transition Metal Coordination Polymer Nanoparticles.- 1.11 The Limits of Nano: Single Molecule Magnets.- 1.12 Summary and Outlook.- 2. Semiconductor Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Properties, and Integration into Polymers for the Generation of Novel Composite Materials.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Nanoparticle Synthesis.- 2.1.1 Room Temperature Synthetic Methods.- 2.1.2 High Temperature Organometallic Syntheses.- 2.3 Semiconductor Nanoparticle/Polymer Composites.- 2.3.1 Polymer-Nanoparticle Blends.- 2.3.2 Nanoparticle Growth in Polymers.- 2.4 Nanoparticle-Polymer Composites Obtained by End-Group Attachment.- 2.4.1 Chain-End Attachment of Preformed Polymers.- 2.4.2 Radial Growth of Polymers from Nanoparticle Surfaces.- 2.5 Self- and Directed-Assembly of Semiconducting Nanoparticles.- 2.6 Summary and Future Outlook.- 3. Architecture of Nanocrystal Building Blocks.- 3.1 Introduction.- 3.1.1 Crystal Shape.- 3.1.2 Basic Nanoscale Building Blocks.- 3.2 Recent Developments in the Architectural Control of Nanobuilding Blocks.- 3.2.1 0-Dimensional Spheres and Cubes.- 3.2.2 1-Dimensional Rods and Wires.- 3.2.3 2-Dimensional Discs.- 3.2.4 Novel Nanobuilding Structures.- 3.2.5 Superstructures: Assemblies of Nanobuilding Blocks.- 3.3 Shape-Guiding Growth Mechanisms.- 3.3.1 Approaches for Obtaining 1-Dimensional Nanocrystals.- 3.4 Critical Parameters for Architecture Guiding Processes of Nanocrystals.- 3.4.1 Effects of Crystalline Phase of Nucleus on Final Shapes.- 3.4.2 Shape Control under Kinetic Controlled Processes and Capping Molecular Effects.- 3.5 Future Direction.- 4. Nanoparticle Scaffolds for Devices and Sensors.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Nanoparticles Modified with Molecular or Ionic Receptors.- 4.2.1 Generalities.- 4.2.2 Hydrogen Bonding Receptors.- 4.2.3 Crown Ether Receptors.- 4.2.4 Cyclodextrins.- 4.2.5 Anion Receptors.- 4.2.6 Other Receptors.- 4.3 Thin Film Sensors Containing Metal Colloidal Particles.- 4.4 Organized Nanoparticle Assemblies.- 4.5 Conclusions and Outlook.- 5. Nanoparticles in Catalysis.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Fundamental Issues.- 5.3 Challenges and Opportunities.- 5.4 Fabrication of Nanoparticles as Catalysts.- 5.5 Traditional Approaches.- 5.6 Surface-Capping Approaches.- 5.7 Surpported Nanoparticle catalysts.- 5.7.1 Gold Nanoparticle Catalysts.- 5.7.2 Other Metal Nanoparticle Catalysts.- 5.8 Assembled Nanoparticle Catalysts.- 5.9 The Nanoparticle Assembly.- 5.10 The Catalytic Activation.- 5.10.1 Electrochemical Activation.- 5.10.2 Thermal Activation.- 5.11 Conclusions and Prospectus.- 6. Adventures with Smart Chemical Sensing: Electrooptically Responsive Photonic Crystals.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Diffraction from CCA Photonic Crystals.- 6.2.1 Diffraction Efficiencies and Band Gaps.- 6.2.2 Standing Wave Electric Field Localization.- 6.3 CCA Optical Switching and Optical Limiting.- 6.4 Polymerized Colloidal Array Switching and Optical Limiting.- 6.4.1 PCCA Thermal Diffraction Switching Phenomena.- 6.4.2 PCCA Photochemical Switching Phenomena.- 6.4.3 PCCA Refractive Index Diffraction Switching Phenomena.- 6.5 PCCA Photonic Crystal Chemical Sensing Materials.- 6.5.1 Temperature Sensing IPCCA Sensors.- 6.5.2 Electrostatically Driven Chemical IPCCA Sensors.- 6.5.3 Crosslinking Driven IPCCA Chemical Sensors.- 6.6 Conclusions.- 7. Plasmonic Nanomaterials: Enhanced Optical Properties from Metal Nanoparticles and Their Ensembles.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Surface Plasmons in Spherical Metal Nanoparticles.- 7.3 Surface Plasmons: Theoretical Considerations.- 7.4 Surface Plasmons and the Material function.- 7.4.1 Size Confinement Effects on the Plasmon Band.- 7.4.2 Skin Depth.- 7.4.3 Local Dielectric and Surface Effects.- 7.4.4 Plasmon Decay and Radiative Damping.- 7.4.5 Anisotropic Metal Nanoparticles.- 7.4.6 Surface Plasmons in Metal Nanorods and Nanowires.- 7.4.7 Surface Plasmons in Metal Nanoprisms and Polyhedra.- 7.5 Metal Nanoparticle Ensembles.- 7.5.1 Discrete Metal Nanoparticle Clusters.- 7.5.2 Periodic Metal Nanoparticle 2D Arrays.- 7.5.3 Metal and Metal-Dielectric Nanoparticles in 3D Superlattices.- 7.5.4 Nonperiodic Nanoparticle Ensembles.- 7.6 Conclusion.- 8. Nanoparticle Polymer Ensembles.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 Assembly of Polymer-Nanoparticle Composite Materials.- 8.3 Nanoparticle Building Blocks and Polymer Scaffolds.- 8.3.1 Nanoparticle Building Blocks.- 8.3.2 Polymer Scaffolds.- 8.4 Polymer-Nanoparticle Assemblies for Catalyic Applications.- 8.5 Fabrication of Polymer-Mediated Organized Nanoparticle Assemblies.- 8.6 Organized Polymer-Nanoparticle Assemblies on Surfaces.- 8.7 Dendrimers in Catalytic and Assembly.- 8.8 Conclusion.- 9. Electrostatic Assembly of Nanoparticles.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Electrostatic Nanoparticle Assembly in Solution.- 9.3 Electrostatically Driven Nanoparticle Assembly in Thin Films.- 9.3.1 Electrostatic Assembly of Nanoparticles on Self-Assembled Monolayers.- 9.3.2 Electrostatic Assembly of Nanoparticles at the Air-Water Interface.- 9.3.3 Layer-by-Layer Nanoparticle Assembly Driven by Electrostatic Interactions.- 9.3.4 Nanocomposites by Electrostatic Entrapment in Thermally Evaporated Lipid Films.- 10. Biological and Biomimetic Applications of Nanoparticles.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 Colloidal Gold Bioconjugates.- 10.3 Low and High Nuclearity Metal Clusters Conjugates.- 10.4 Biological Applications of Semiconductors Quantum Dots.- 10.5 DNA and Nanoparticles.- 10.6 DNA Recognition.- 10.7 DNA-Nanoparticle-Based Devices.- 10.8 Biomimetic Applications: Mimicry of Carbohydrate-Protein and Carbohydrate-Carbohydrate Interactions.- 10.9 Mimicry of Polyvalency and Cooperativity.- 10.10 Nanomaterials as Delivery Systems.- 10.11 Conclusion.- 283.
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