Nanophase Materials: Synthesis - Properties - Applications / Edition 1

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Overview

Nanophase Materials is the first and, as yet, the only comprehensive book published in this new and exciting area of materials science. It gives a broad overview of the revolutionary new field of nanophase materials; a view which spans the materials, physics, and chemistry research communities at a tutorial level that is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and experts or would-be experts in the science of nanostructured materials. The articles are authored by many of the world's most prominent scientists in this field. The book covers the diverse methods for synthesizing nanophase materials, a variety of subsequent processing methodologies, what is known about the structures of these materials on various length scales from atomic to macroscopic, and the properties of these unique and novel materials. The materials properties covered are mechanical, electronic, optical, and magnetic and hence span a wide range of important new opportunities for technological applications.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The June-July 1993 NATO ASI covered a broad spectrum of topics from the disciplines of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science that comprise the new and developing field of nanophase materials. The nature of nanophase materials was discussed in relation to other similar nanostructured materials and the fundamental criteria for their synthesis were elucidated. This volume contains lectures, invited talks, and poster presentations organized into seven chapters: synthesis; characterization; mechanical properties; electronic and transport properties; optical properties; magnetic properties; and applications. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792327547
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 3/17/1994
  • Series: Nato Science Series E: (closed) , #260
  • Edition description: 1994
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 808
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 1.75 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Chemical Synthesis of Nanophase Materials1
Preparation of [actual symbol not reproducible] Particles21
Synthesis of III-V Semiconductor Particles from Organometallic Precursors29
Synthesis of Nanostructured Catalysts and Catalytic Supports37
Formation of Magnetic Spinel Iron Oxide in Solution45
Synthesis of Nanoscale Iron Oxide Structures Using Protein Cages and Polysaccharide Networks49
Gas Evaporation and Electron Microscopical Observation of Small Particles57
Nanoparticles from a Supersaturated Vapor73
Formation and Phase Analysis of Surface Oxides on Ultrafine Particles of Fe81
[actual symbol not reproducible] Nanophase Powders Prepared by a Vaporization/Condensation Process in a Solar Furnace85
Synthesis and Characterization of Iron-Magnesium Bimetallic Particles89
Nanometric Si-Based Powders by Laser Driven Gas Phase Reactions93
Simulations of Aggregating Particles97
Spark Erosion for Production of Nanocrystalline Materials101
Aerosol Spray Pyrolysis Synthesis Techniques109
Nanometric Si/C/N Composite Powders Formed by Aerosol-Laser Interaction117
Preparation of Small Particles of Titanium (IV) Oxide121
Nanophase Materials by Mechanical Attrition: Synthesis and Characterization125
High-Capacity High-Energy Ball Mill for Nanophase Materials145
Ball Velocities and Energy Needs in a Mill Designed for the Synthesis of Nanophase Materials149
Production of Nanocrystalline Materials Through the Mechanical Crystallization of Amorphous Precursors153
Structure of Nanostructured Materials157
High Resolution Microscopy Characterization of Nanostructured Materials181
Surface Structure of Nanocrystalline Oxides197
STM "Tip Changes" - A Possible Tool for Tip Characterization205
The Structural Evolution of Nanocrystalline Thin Films of Germanium209
Fabrication and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Nanostructured Semiconductor Thin Films and Particles213
Optical Characterization of Fractal Aggregate Size and Morphology Parameters221
Studies of Oxide Reduction and Gas Adsorption by Using Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy225
Mechanical Properties of Nanophase Materials233
Nanostructured Ceramics: Microstructure and Properties263
Grain Boundary Structure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline Materials275
Microstructure in Nanocrystalline Zirconia Powders and Sintered Compacts283
Mechanical Properties of Nanostructure Niobium on a Microscopic Scale287
Mechanical Properties of Artificially Multilayered and Granular Metal Thin Films293
Elastic Properties of Metallic Multilayers307
Molecular Dynamics of Nanophase Intermetallics315
Electronic Structure and Total Energy of Crystalline Approximants to Quasicrystalline Al-Cu-Fe Alloys323
Melting 1n Restricted Geometries333
Thermodynamics of Finite Systems341
Electronic Properties of Metal Cluster Compounds: Nanophase-Materials from Chemical Synthesis349
Electronic and Structural Properties of Caged Metal Clusters371
Electronic Transport in Granular Metal Films381
Superconductivity in Nanophase Materials399
Morphology and Transport Properties of Nanophases in Semiconductor Multilayer Films407
Anisotropic Electron Transport in Metallic Multilayers415
Electronic Transport in Nanocrystalline Metals: A Study of Electrodeposited Nickel Foils423
Electronic and Optical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals: From Molecules to Bulk Crystals433
Optical Properties of Granular Solids449
Se EXAFS Study of the Elevated Wurtzite to Rock Salt Structural Phase Transition in CdSe Nanocrystals471
Raman Diagnostics of Silicon and Carbon Nanoparticles483
Optical and Related Properties of Semiconductors: Bulk and Small Particles493
Nanometer Sized Particles of PbI[subscript 2] Layered Semiconductors, Embedded in SiO[subscript 2] Films: Quantum Size Effect and Photodecomposition Processes503
Photonic Band Gap Materials509
Surface Magnetism of Nanometer Particles515
Nanostructural Design of Magneto-Optic Films and Multilayers537
Giant Magneto-Transport Properties in Granular Magnetic Systems555
Two-Dimensional Patterns of Ni Particles - Preparation and Magnetic Measurements569
Magnetism in Ultrafine Fe and Co Particles573
Magnetism of Surface-Treated Particles587
Amorphous Magnetic Particles595
Properties of Co/B Fine Particles Made by the Microemulsion Technique613
Magnetic and Optical Properties of [actual symbol not reproducible] Nanocrystals617
Size Effects on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ultrafine Fe-Pd Particles625
Nanostructured Magnetic Materials: Size and Interaction Effects on Magnetic Properties of Fine Particles635
Magnetic Relaxation in Interacting Small Iron Particles645
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