Nanoscale: Visualizing an Invisible World

Overview

The world is made up of structures too small to see with the naked eye, too small to see even with an electron microscope. Einstein established the reality of atoms and molecules in the early 1900s. How can we see a world measured in fractions of nanometers? (Most atoms are less than one nanometer, less than one-billionth of a meter, in diameter.) This beautiful and fascinating book gives us a tour of the invisible nanoscale world. It offers many vivid color illustrations of atomic structures, each accompanied by...

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Overview

The world is made up of structures too small to see with the naked eye, too small to see even with an electron microscope. Einstein established the reality of atoms and molecules in the early 1900s. How can we see a world measured in fractions of nanometers? (Most atoms are less than one nanometer, less than one-billionth of a meter, in diameter.) This beautiful and fascinating book gives us a tour of the invisible nanoscale world. It offers many vivid color illustrations of atomic structures, each accompanied by a short, engagingly written essay. The structures advance from the simple (air, ice) to the complex (supercapacitator, rare earth magnet). Each subject was chosen not in search of comprehensiveness but because it illustrates how atomic structure creates a property
(such as hardness, color, or toxicity), or because it has a great story, or simply because it is beautiful. Thus we learn how diamonds ride volcanoes to the earth's surface (if they came up more slowly, they'd be graphite, as in pencils); what form of carbon is named after Buckminster Fuller;
who won in the x-ray vs. mineralogy professor smackdown; how a fuel cell works; when we use spinodal decomposition in our daily lives (it involves hot water and a package of Jell-O), and much more. The amazing color illustrations by Stephen Deffeyes are based on data from x-ray diffraction (a method used in crystallography). They are not just pretty pictures but visualizations of scientific data derived directly from those data. Together with Kenneth Deffeyes's witty commentary, they offer a vivid demonstration of the diversity and beauty found at the nanometer scale.

The MIT Press

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"If you are looking for a tour through the nanoscale world, this book is a goodstarting point." Chemistry World

The MIT Press

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262012836
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 2/13/2009
  • Pages: 144
  • Sales rank: 1,176,708
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Kenneth S. Deffeyes is Professor of Geology Emeritus at Princeton University. He is the author of Hubbert's Peak and Beyond Oil.

Stephen E. Deffeyes is a freelance illustrator and designer.

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Table of Contents

1 Air

2 Ice and Water Vapor

3 Gold

4 Chemical Bonds

5 Sodium Chloride

6 Diamond

7 Hexagonal Diamond

8 Nanotubes and Buckyballs

9 Asbestos

10 Pyroxene

11 Amino Acids

12 Phosphate

13 Alpha Helix and Beta Sheet

14 Lysozime

15 Drugs

16 Hemoglobin

17 Chlorophyll

18 Urease

19 Lipid Membrane

20 Rod Virus

21 Icosahedra Virus

22 Unit Cell Discovery

23 Twinned Crystals

24 Calcite Twinning

25 Calcite Twin Plane

26 Dolomite Twin Plane

27 Quartz

28 Close-Packed Metals

29 Screw Dislocation

30 Erionite

31 Faujasite

32 Lubricants

33 Montmorillonite

34 Perovskite Morph

35 Perovskite Superconductor

36 Silicon Diode

37 Fuel Cell

38 Laser Crystals

39 Supercapacitor

40 Epitaxial Growth

41 Memristor

42 Ferromagnetism

43 Rare Earth Magnets

44 Flash Memory

45 Metallic Glass

46 Spinodal Decomposition

47 Diamantane

48 Penrose Tiling

49 Penrose Diffraction

50 Quasicrystal

Notes

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