Nanostructured Conductive Polymers / Edition 1

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Overview

Providing a vital link between nanotechnology and conductive polymers, this book covers advances in topics of this interdisciplinary area. In each chapter, there is a discussion of current research issues while reviewing the background of the topic. The selection of topics and contributors from around the globe make this text an outstanding resource for researchers involved in the field of nanomaterials or polymer materials design. The book is divided into three sections: From Conductive Polymers to Nanotechnology, Synthesis and Characterization, and Applications.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470745854
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/10/2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 800
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 1.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Ali Eftekhari is Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Avicenna Institute of Technology in Cleveland (USA). He received his PhD at Trinity College (Ireland). From 2000 to 2002, he was a researcher at Nirvan Co. (USA) working on an environmental project under support of former Vice-President Al Gore. From 2002 to 2004, Professor Eftekhari was senior researcher at KICR (USA), working on a joint corporate project based in United States and Iran. For the next two years, he was Head of the Electrochemistry Division at the Materials and Energy Research Center in Iran. Since 2007, Ali Eftekhari has been Professor of Chemistry and Director of Avicenna Institute of Technology. He is the editor of four books including Nanostructured Materials in Electrochemistry (Wiley) and editor of the book Boltzmann Philosophy of Science. Professor Eftekhari is Editor of the Journal of Nanomaterials and has been chairman or on the Editorial Advisory Boards of several conferences. His research interests include electrochemistry, nanoscience and nanotechnology, statistical physics, condensed matter physics, philosophy, the history of science, management and science policy.

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Table of Contents

Preface.

Foreword.

List of Contributors.

Part One.

1 History of Conductive Polymers (J. CampbellScott).

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Archeology and Prehistory.

1.3 The Dawn of the Modern Era.

1.4 The Materials Revolution.

1.5 Concluding Remarks.

2 Polyaniline Nanostructures (GordanaCiric-Marjanovic).

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 Preparation.

2.3 Structure and Properties.

2.4 Processing and Applications.

2.5 Conclusions and Outlook.

3 Nanoscale Inhomogeneity of Conducting-Polymer-BasedMaterials (Alain Pailleret and OlegSemenikhin).

3.1 Introduction: Inhomogeneity and NanostructuredMaterials.

3.2 Direct Local Measurements of Nanoscale Inhomogeneity ofConducting and Semiconducting Polymers.

3.3 In situ Studies of Conducting and Semiconducting Polymers:Electrochemical Atomic Force Microscopy (EC-AFM) andElectrochemical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (EC-STM).

3.4 The Origin of the Nanoscale Inhomogeneity of Conducting andSemiconducting Polymers.

Part Two.

4 Nanostructured Conductive Polymers byElectrospinning (Ioannis S. Chronakis).

4.1 Introduction to Electrospinning Technology.

4.2 The Electrospinning Processing.

4.3 Electrospinning Processing Parameters: Control of theNanofiber Morphology.

4.4 Nanostructured Conductive Polymers by Electrospinning.

4.5 Applications of Electrospun Nanostructured ConductivePolymers.

4.6 Conclusions.

5 Composites Based on Conducting Polymers and CarbonNanotubes (M. Baibarac, I. Baltog, and S.Lefrant).

5.1 Introduction.

5.2 Carbon Nanotubes.

5.3 Synthesis of Composites Based on Conducting Polymers andCarbon Nanotubes.

5.4 Vibrational Properties of Composites Based on ConductingPolymers and Carbon Nanotubes.

5.5 Conclusions.

6 Inorganic-Based Nanocomposites of ConductivePolymers (Rabin Bissessur).

6.1 Introduction.

6.2 FeOCl.

6.3 V2O5 Systems.

6.4 VOPO4.2H2O.

6.5 MoO3.

6.6 Layered Phosphates and Phosphonates.

6.7 Layered Rutiles.

6.8 Layered perovskites.

6.9 Layered Titanates.

6.10 Graphite Oxide.

6.11 Conclusions.

7 Metallic-Based Nanocomposites of ConductivePolymers (Vessela Tsakova).

7.1 Introduction.

7.2 Oxidative Polymerization Combined with Metal-Ion Reduction(One-Pot Synthesis).

7.3 Nanocomposite Formation by Means of Pre-Synthesized MetalNanoparticles.

7.4 Metal Electrodeposition in Pre-Synthesized CPs.

7.5 Chemical Reduction of Metal Ions in Pre-Polymerized CPSuspensions or Layers.

7.6 Metallic-Based CP Composites for Electrocatalytic andElectroanalytic Applications.

8 Spectroscopy of Nanostructured ConductingPolymers (Gustavo M. do Nascimento and Marcelo A. deSouza).

8.1 Synthetic Metals.

8.2 Nanostructured Conducting Polymers.

8.3 Spectroscopic Techniques.

8.4 Spectroscopy of Nanostructured Conducting Polymers.

8.5 Concluding Remarks.

9 Atomic Force Microscopy Study of ConductivePolymers (Edgar Ap. Sanches, Osvaldo N. Oliveira Jr,and Fabio Lima Leite).

9.1 Introduction.

9.2 AFM Fundamentals and Applications.

9.3 Concluding Remarks.

10 Single Conducting-Polymer Nanowires (YixuanChen and Yi Luo).

10.1 Introduction.

10.2 Fabrication of Single Conducting-Polymer Nanowires(CPNWs).

10.3 Transport Properties and Electrical Characterization.

10.4 Applications of Single Conducting Polymer Nanowires(CPNWs).

10.5 Summary and Outlook.

11 Conductive Polymer Micro- andNanocontainers (Jiyong Huang and Zhixiang Wei).

11.1 Introduction.

11.2 Structures of Micro- and Nanocontainers.

11.3 Preparation Methods and Formation Mechanisms.

11.4 Properties and Applications of Micro- andNanocontainers.

11.5 Conclusions.

12 Magnetic and Electron Transport Behaviors ofConductive-Polymer Nanocomposites (Zhanhu Guo, SuyingWei, David Cocke, and Di Zhang).

12.1 Introduction.

12.2 Magnetic Polymer Nanocomposite Preparation.

12.3 Physicochemical Property Characterization.

12.4 Microstructure of the Conductive PolymerNanocomposites.

12.5 Interaction between the Nanoparticles and theConductive-Polymer Matrix.

12.6 Magnetic Properties of Conductive-PolymerNanocomposites.

12.7 Electron Transport in Conductive-PolymerNanocomposites.

12.8 Giant Magnetoresistance in Conductive-PolymerNanocomposites.

12.9 Summary.

13 Charge Transfer and Charge Separation in ConjugatedPolymer Solar Cells (Ian A. Howard, Neil C. Greenham,Agnese Abrusci, Richard H. Friend, and SebastianWestenhoff).

13.1 Introduction.

13.2 Charge Transfer in Conjugated Polymers 534

13.3 Charge Generation and Recombination in Organic Solar Cellswith High Open-Circuit Voltages 545

13.4 Conclusions and Outlook 555

Part Three.

14 Nanostructured Conducting Polymers for (Electro)chemicalSensors (Anthony J. Killard).

14.1 Introduction.

14.2 Nanowires and Nanotubes.

14.3 Nanogaps and Nanojunctions.

14.4 Nanofibers and Nanocables.

14.5 Nanofilms.

14.6 Metallic Nanoparticle/Conducting-PolymerNanocomposites.

14.7 Metal-Oxide Nanoparticles/Conducting-PolymerNanocomposites.

14.8 Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites.

14.9 Nanoparticles.

14.10 Nanoporous Templates.

14.11 Application Summaries.

14.12 Conclusions.

15 Nanostructural Aspects of Conducting-PolymerActuators (Paul A. Kilmartin and JadrankaTravas-Sejdic).

15.1 Introduction.

15.2 Mechanisms and Modes of Actuation.

15.3 Modelling Mechanical Performance and Developing DeviceApplications.

15.4 Effect of Morphology and Nanostructure upon Actuation.

15.5 Solvent and Ion Size Effects to Achieve HigherActuation.

15.6 Nanostructured Composite Actuators.

15.7 Prospects for Nanostructured Conducting-PolymerActuators.

16 Electroactive Conducting Polymers for the Protection ofMetals against Corrosion: from Micro- to NanostructuredFilms (Pierre Camille Lacaze, Jalal Ghilane, HyacintheRandriamahazaka and Jean-Christophe Lacroix).

16.1 Introduction.

16.2 Protection Mechanisms Induced by Conducting Polymers.

16.3 Conducting-Polymer Coating Techniques for Usual OxidizableMetals: Performances of Conducting-Polymer-Based Micron-Thick Filmsfor Protection against Corrosion.

16.4 Nanostructured Conducting-Polymer Coatings andAnticorrosion Protection.

16.5 Conclusions.

17 Electrocatalysis by Nanostructured ConductingPolymers (Shaolin Mu and Ya Zhang).

17.1 Introduction.

17.2 Electrochemical Synthetic Techniques of NanostructuredConducting Polymers.

17.3 Electrocatalysis at Nanostructured Conducting-PolymerElectrodes.

17.4 Conclusion.

18 Nanostructured Conductive Polymers asBiomaterials (Rylie A. Green, Sungchul Baek, Nigel H.Lovell, and Laura A. Poole-Warren).

18.1 Introduction.

18.2 Biomedical Applications for Conductive Polymers.

18.3 Polymer Design Considerations.

18.4 Fabrication of Nanostructured Conductive Polymers.

18.5 Polymer Characterization.

18.6 Interfacing with Neural Tissue.

18.7 Conclusions.

19 Nanocomposites of Polymers Made Conductive byNanofillers (Haiping Hong, Dustin Thomas, Mark Horton,Yijiang Lu, Jing Li, Pauline Smith, and Walter Roy).

19.1 Introduction.

19.2 Experimental.

19.3 Results and Discussion.

19.4 Conclusion.

Acknowledgments.

References.

Index.

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