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Nanotechnology World Economy
By James A. Harris, Sr.
AuthorHouseCopyright © 2009 James A. Harris, Sr.
All right reserved.
Chapter OneGlobalization of Nanotechnology Driven Investment and the World Economy
By Dr. James A. Harris, Sr. September 1, 2009
The Nanotechnology driven global investment have created nanometer-scale manufacturing, nanostructures, nanomaterials, nanofabrication and design assembly, and have fabricated nanodevices into practical network systems.
The pervasive scientific application and utilization of nanotechnology driven forces benefits and advantages, however, have not formed the core foundation and sources, instead they have gone unrecognized, in the following series of strategic indicators. First, The Federal Reserve's monthly index of industrial production and capacity utilization does not utilize the maximization of nanotechnology applications in the determination and composition of the index. The industrial sector covers manufacturing, mining and electric and gas utilities, together with construction, in effect, account for the bulk of the variation in national output over the trend of aggregate economic activity.
Second, the practical application of nanoscale manufacturing and nanostructures have been neglected in the determination of U. S. International Trade in Goods and Services that reflected exports in the amount of $123.3 Billion in May 2009 and imports of$149 of $149.3 billion, which resulted in a goods and services deficit of $26.0 billion.
Third, the nanotechnology driven forces are not pervasive and not embedded throughout the aggregate and critical National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) especially the downward weaknesses and declining nonresidential fixed investment; Inventory investment; exports; federal government consumption expenditure and gross investment; and motor vehicle output.
Fourth, the scientific application of nanotechnology and revolutionary transformation nanometer-scale materials and devices should be considered and accepted for utilization by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), U.S. Department of Commerce. The BEA reported that manufacturing industries led the economic slowdown in 2008.
The nanotechnology advancement of scientific application of nanometer-scale technologies would revolutionize the present outdate U.S. manufacturing sector, replace the obsolescence, advance the nanotech readiness while making a contribution to the enlargement of the manufacturing value added component - a measure of an industry's contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) which fell 2.7 percent in 2008 after rising 2.9 percent in 2007. Durable goods manufacturing turned down for the first time since 2001, decreasing by 1.3 percent.
Fifth, the nanotechnology and nanometer-scale technologies and supra-miniaturization methods and processes, in effect, have formed a parallelization pathway that contrast with the existing dominant nuclear force, which omits nanotechnology practical applications, yet currently addressed in the following documentation (a) "Addressing the Nuclear Threat Fulfilling the Promise at the L'Aquila Summit, The White House Office of the Press Secretary, July 8, 2009." (b) "Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States of America and President Demitry Medvedev of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Cooperation, The White House Office of the Press Secretary, July 6, 2009," and (c) Joint Statement by President Demitry Medvedev of the Russian Federation and President Barack Obama of the United States of America, The White House Office of the Press Secretary, April 1, 2009."
Nanotechnology and Nanometer-scale Technologies The distinctive characteristic of nanotechnology details the scientific application and the practical utilization of submicron and unique properties and novel behavior phenomena of the nanoscale-world. It is the supra-miniaturization, operation and performance at the molecular level, atom by atom, where size is measured in the range from 10 to the negative minus 9 to 10 to the negative minus 7 nanometers (nm) on a scale of 1 to 100 nanometers and 1 nanometer is equal to one billionth of a meter. The dimension of 10 nanometers is 1,000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair (A nanometer is one millionth of a millimeter, approximately one fifty-thousandth the diameter of a hair).
Nanotechnology creates and manipulates large structures with fundamentally new molecular organization. It involves materials and systems whose structures and devices reveal novel, unique and extraordinarily improved physical, chemical and biological properties, phenomena and methods due to the size of their nanometer-scale.
Most significantly, the objective is to manipulate, operate and exploit the practical applications of these unique properties and phenomena by gaining control of structures, devices, systems and materials at atomic, molecular and supra-molecular levels, and to learn to manufacture, operate, fabricate and apply these devices and materials.
The nanotechnology new behavior performance at the molecular level, atom by atom, and its applied nanoscale properties and phenomena have created nanometer-scale driving forces. There are series of extended, multiple and varied categories, sectors and fields that are suitable and appropriate for convergence, transformation and investment driven by nanodevices, nanostructures, nanomaterials, nanomanufacturing and nanofabrication technologies.
Among the series of categories, sectors, areas and fields that form the generation of nanotech driven investment demand are chemical manufacturing and pharmaceutical and medical manufacturing; automobile manufacturing; primary metal manufacturing; strategic and critical materials and minerals production; machinery manufacturing; computer and electronic product manufacturing; communications, semiconductors and medical treatment; navigational, measuring, electro-medical, and control instruments; surgical and medical instruments manufacturing; electrical equipment; lithium ion batteries manufacturing; appliance and component manufacturing; textile mills apparel manufacturing; medical equipment and supplies manufacturing; research and development in the physical, engineering and life sciences; printing and related support activities; safety, health care, environment, and energy; biotechnology and agriculture; quantum cryptography and security analysis; encryption technology; encryption evaluation; quantum encryption networks; and information security technology.
The nanotechnology and nanostructures observed new behavior at the nanometer-scale level are predominant and pervasive with inherent size confinement and unique phenomena that lead to a proliferation and widespread array and variety of supra-miniaturization properties, devices, materials and systems.
The cornerstone and linch-pin of this assessment of "Globalization of Nanotechnology Driven Investment and the World Economy" manifest itself in (i) the galvanization of numerous inventions, innovations, discoveries and huge production of nanotechnology and nanometer-scale particles, nanodevices and nanosystems, and global management of nanotech industries expansion, growth and maximization of global competitive advantage; (ii) the agglomeration of horizontal, vertical and conglomerate integration of nanotechnology and nanoscale technologies driven market structure and targeted global economic growth and environment improvement impact; (iii) the conglomeration of nanometer-scale technologies driven multinational enterprises, cross border strategic alliances, concentration, consolidation and global management in contrast with the global economic crisis, threats and challenges, and (iv) the management of the origination of nanotechnology's ultra-tarnung exclusivity and ownership and control.
The word "tarnung" means concealment, camouflage, cloaking or the art of hiding and in this particular instance, the ultra-tarnung is the concealment of the origin and creation of supra-miniaturization methods, origination of practical applications and utilization of nanometer-scale properties and unique phenomena behavior at the molecular level, atom by atom through the cloaking of nanoscale technologies driven industrial organization, corporate concentration, keiretsu, interlocking directorates, voting stock ownership in corporations, sovereign wealth funding, state-sponsored enterprise agreements, and multinational enterprise diplomacy concealment.
Accumulation of Global Nanotechnology, Nanostructures, Nanometer-scale Materials, Nanosystems Technologies, and Investment Demand
Beginning with the enormous and extraordinary breakthroughs in nanotechnology there are significant corporations, companies, firms and multinational enterprises that are providing essential leadership required in the advancement of the frontier and global impact of the revolution taking place in nanotechnology.
The practical applications and the utilization of novel and distinctly characteristic properties and unique phenomena in the nanometer-scale- world have instituted nanotechnology determined processes of concentration and its accompanying global competitive advantage across all industries and have made a contribution to the advancement of world industrial performance appraisal as a result of the creation of revolutionary breakthroughs and groundbreaking inventions and innovations in the world of nanotechnology.
Japan Nanotechnology: 21st Century Nanotech World Leadership
The NEC Corporation fundamental nanotechnologies, namely, its nanomaterial, nanofabrication, nanoevaluation, nanosimulation, and other fundamentasl technologies, rank among the most advanced in the world.
With its invention of Ceramic Thin Film Fabrication Technology that is derived from Aerosol Deposition (AD) that is one innovative process that directly deposits Complex Oxide Films consisting of nanoparticles, NEC Corporation announced its sustained commitment to explore multiple innovations derived from its own fundamental nanotechnologies, while at the same time enlarging and expanding the boundaries of nanomaterials.
The path-breaking nanotechnologies of NEC Corporation lead in the direction of the 10 nanometer-scale level processing innovation. Moreover in the field of electron beam lithography technology, which is accompanied by its nearly 20 years of development as a nanofabrication technology, NEC Corporation entered a strategic alliance with Tokuyama Corporation on the creation of nanotechnology that benefits from Calixarene Resist applications thereby resulting in 8nm patterning (1 nanometer = 1 billionth of meter).
Having broken new ground in the field of nano-evaluation technologies and, Simultaneously, in possession of the world's most advanced Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) technology, NEC reported it is capable of imaging structure and Motion at the atomic level, the founding nanotechnology that enabled the discovery of the Carbon Nanotubes (CNT) - incredible structures, single atom-thick Graphite sheets rolled into tubelike structures with a diameter of only a few nanometers.
NEC Corporation is proud of its nano-advances and is spreading the word because the company is providing a comprehensive approach to Nanometric Phenomena and creation of nanometric-scale materials and structures. More specifically, NEC Corporation gives prominence to its most advanced nanotechnology in the world that spans areas from nanoscale material fabrication, for example, 10 nanometer-scale patterning technology using electron beam exposure with high-resolution resist to various nano-level evaluation technologies such as High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) technology, Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM) and computer simulation technology that applies scientific computations to clarify nanoscale physical phenomena and chemical changes at the atomic or molecular level.
China Nanotechnology: World Applications of Nanoscience
The Natural National Science Foundation of China and the China national Center for Nanoscience & Technology have created more than 300 research organizations that operate in research and development and the application of nanomaterials while engaged in the management in excess of 100 nanomaterial production lines.
The Shanghai Huzheng Nano Technology Co., Ltd., which was formed in 2004 and included members from nano-technological research experts, announced that the company has successfully developed nano-powder and solution series, textile finishing agent series, air purifying agent series, air functional paint series, and functional paint supplement series.
There are numerous products reported by the Shanghai Huzheng Nano Technology Co., Ltd. that have gained certificates from both the U. S. Food and Drug Administration and the ISO 9001 (2000) and ISO 1400 (2004).
One of the most famous China pioneers in the field of advancing China's nanoscience and nanotechnology is Dr. Chunli Bai, Professor of Chemistry, Vice President of The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), President of the Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dr. Chunli Bai initiated and coordinated numerous major programs involving nanotechnology while serving ass the chief scientist of the National Steering Committee for Nanoscience and Related Technology.
In a statement released to the public the China National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), which was co-founded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Ministry of Education, is a subsidiary nonprofit organization of the CAS that enjoys full financial allocations with a status of independent nonprofit legal entity.
Dr, Chunli Bai was the first director of NCNST under the leadership of a governing board, according to the report that was made available to the public. Its main research directors emphasize basic and applied research in nanoscience and the branches of NCNST include the fields of nanoprocessing and nanodevice laboratories; nanomaterials and nanostructure laboratories; nanomedicine and nanotech laboratories; nanostructure characterization and test laboratories; coordination laboratories; and a website and some databases for nanoscience.
The nanomaterial and nanostructures laboratory of the China National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST) released a statement and acknowledgement that it has operations and performances as a user facility that is accessible to researchers focused nanomaterials all over the world. More particularly the laboratory targets the design, synthesis, assembly and characterization of low-dimensional nanocrystals, nanoporous matrerials, and nanofilms, especially materials with specific functions such as bio-sensing, gas-sensing, energy storage, etc.
The NCNST's nanomaterials and nanostructures laboratory published an announcement which states that this laboratory has added concentrations in the areas aimed at the fabrication of new types of low dimensional metal-medal oxide nanomaterials and assembling them into well-defined patterns and detecting the electronic transport of individual nanostructures. The search for breakthroughs is sought in the assembly of organic molecules into supramoleculary nanostructures and the detection of their electronic structures.
Professor Zhang Yangde of China's Laboratory of Nano-biotechnology located at the Central South University, reported to the Changshai Daily newspaper in Hunnan Province that numerous rare herbal plants were placed aboard the China Shenzhou-I space mission, however, now these plants are in possession of the Chinese Nano-biotechnology Laboratory for examination and study. Professor Yangde has noted that the plants, including rauwolfia and salvia miltiorrhiza (or red sage) were used for the production of nanomedicines designed for malignant tumors treatment.
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