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Morson asserts that the way we think about the world and narrate events is often in contradiction to the truly eventful and open nature of daily life. Literature, history, and the sciences frequently present experience as if contingency, chance, and the possibility of diverse futures were all illusory. As a result, people draw conclusions or accept ideologies without sufficiently examining their consequences or alternatives. However, says Morson, there is another way to read and construct texts. He explains that most narratives are developed through foreshadowing and "backshadowing" (foreshadowing ascribed after the fact), which tend to reduce the multiplicity of possibilities in each moment. But other literary works try to convey temporal openness through a device he calls "sideshadowing." Sideshadowing suggests that to understand an event is to grasp what else might have happened. Time is not a line but a shifting set of fields of possibility. Morson argues that this view of time and narrative encourages intellectual pluralism, helps to liberate us from the false certainties of dogmatism, creates a healthy skepticism of present orthodoxies, and makes us aware that there are moral choices available to us.
|Note on Punctuation|
|Pt. I||The Shape of Narrative and the Shape of Experience|
|Ch. 1||Prelude: Process and Product||17|
|Ch. 3||Interlude: Bakhtin's Indeterminism||82|
|Pt. II||Sideshadowing and Its Possibilities|
|Ch. 5||Paralude: Presentness and Its Diseases||173|
|Ch. 7||Opinion and the World of Possibilities||267|
Posted December 12, 2008
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