Narrative as Counter-Memory: A Half-Century of Postwar Writing in Germany and Japan

Narrative as Counter-Memory: A Half-Century of Postwar Writing in Germany and Japan

by Reiko Tachibana
     
 

A pioneering study of German and Japanese postwar fiction, providing a broad cultural basis for understanding a half-century of responses to World War II from within the two societies.

The wartime and postwar cultural histories of Germany and Japan show similar experiences of defeat, occupation, and then the reconstruction of powerful societies. Little

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Overview

A pioneering study of German and Japanese postwar fiction, providing a broad cultural basis for understanding a half-century of responses to World War II from within the two societies.

The wartime and postwar cultural histories of Germany and Japan show similar experiences of defeat, occupation, and then the reconstruction of powerful societies. Little previous research has examined the literary works that reflect these contacts and parallelisms. For the first time, this book offers an extensive comparative study of German and Japanese narratives that serve as a form of "counter-memory," in Foucault's phrase, for the two cultures. Rather than attempting to present objective or comprehensive views of history, these narratives draw upon personal memories to offer subjective, selective, and individualistic reports. They provide an alternative (or "counter-memory") to more official versions of World War II and its aftermath. Major writers such as Mishima Yukio, Ibuse Masuji, Oba Minako, Gunter Grass, Uwe Johnson, Christa Wolf, and the Nobel Prize winners Oe Kenzaburo and Heinrich Boll are set in the context of lesser-known writers, including a nine-year-old child, a medical doctor, a woman who served as a journalist, and a former prisoner, to provide a broad cultural basis for understanding responses to the war from within the two societies.

This book combines a broad historical scope with detailed examinations of important individual texts, with both aspects securely set on a firm foundation of historical and literary scholarship. The rhythm of alternation between synthetic generalizations and close textual explication (yielding interpretive insights while providing lucid and economical exposition and summary) allows for carefully balanced and integrated comparisons.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780791436639
Publisher:
State University of New York Press
Publication date:
08/28/1998
Pages:
345
Lexile:
1430L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgments

Note on Japanese Names

1. Introduction: Contexts for a Half-Century of Remembering

Historical and Literary Contexts

Critical Contexts

Lines of Convergence—and Difference

2. Evoking the Ruins: The Re-creation of Immediacy

Genbaku Bungaku in Japan

Ota Yoko and Hara Tamiki

Ooka Shohei

Trümmerliteratur in Germany: Wiechert and Borchert

Heinrich Höll: Trümmerliteratur and Beyond

Synopsis

3. The Achievement of a Distanced Perspective

The Obsession to Destroy Monuments: Mishima and Böll

Grass's Tin Drum and Oe's "My Tears"

The Documentary Novel: Ibuse Masuji's Black Rain

Synopsis

4. Expansion in Time and Place

The Internationalized Documentary Novel: Uwe Johnson's Anniversaries

The Internationalized Folktale Novel: Oba Minako's Urashimaso

The Rewriting of Ancient Legend: Christa Wolf's Cassandra

The Rewriting of One's Own Story: Oe's "Trial"

Synopsis

5. The End of the Line

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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