National and International Conflicts, 1945-1995: New Empirical and Theoretical Approaches [NOOK Book]

Overview

The information flow about crises and conflicts is highly selective. The media can only focus on a few major conflicts at a time. Many conflicts are neglected, others soon forgotten after the fighting ends. This book fills the gaps and offers a systematic overview of all crises and conflicts in and among states since 1945 and traces the global trends of conflict development.

This book contains descriptive generalisations, hypotheses on trends and patterns of conflictsand ...

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National and International Conflicts, 1945-1995: New Empirical and Theoretical Approaches

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Overview

The information flow about crises and conflicts is highly selective. The media can only focus on a few major conflicts at a time. Many conflicts are neglected, others soon forgotten after the fighting ends. This book fills the gaps and offers a systematic overview of all crises and conflicts in and among states since 1945 and traces the global trends of conflict development.

This book contains descriptive generalisations, hypotheses on trends and patterns of conflictsand discussions of current conflict theories - all based on the broad empirical basis of the Conflict Simulation Model KOSIMO - a databank which contains 661 conflicts, both peaceful and violent as well as internal and international. Where ordinary conflict research has a bias towards violent international conflicts, this book, on the other hand, uses an integrated approach to cover many other forms and types of political conflicts.

The KOSIMO approach reveals new insights into the trends, both nationally and internationally, of conflicts since 1945. Its major diachronic findings include for example the fact that domestic, ethnopolitical and religious conflicts were on the rise long before the end of the EastWest conflict, and democracies may not be as peaceful as Kants theorem on democratic peace might suggest... With conflict studies being a growing field of interest in international relations, this book will represent solid empirical and theoretical research for scholars and researchers in political theory, political science, international relations, peace and conflict studies, and modern history.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Preface
1 Introduction 1
Global changes since 1945 1
Towards a new conflict resolution culture? 14
Challenges to theories and conflict analysis 17
Consequences for conflict research 23
2 Methodology 25
Quantitative research 25
Definitions 25
Variables 39
Description of variables 40
3 Global trends 62
States, non-state actors and conflict 62
Basic conflicts 82
Partial conflicts 92
War 103
Duration of conflicts 112
Regions of conflict 113
Issues of conflicts 129
Victims of violent conflicts 152
4 Conflict structures 156
Political systems of states 156
East-West conflict 160
Spheres of interest and conflict frequencies 164
Military interventions by the US and the USSR 165
Intra-bloc conflict 169
Conflicts between North and South 172
Conflicts in and among developing countries 177
Neighbors and great powers 181
Post-Cold War trends 184
5 Conflict management 188
Mediation 189
Actors in conflict management 194
Modalities of conflict resolution 201
Outcomes of conflicts 203
Treaties 206
6 Empirical findings: summary and outlook 227
Descriptive findings 227
Generating hypotheses 229
The testing of theories 232
Predicting future conflicts 236
Need for further research 237
Appendix KOSIMO conflicts 1945-95 by regions in chronological order 239
Sub-Saharan Africa 240
Middle East and Maghreb 245
Asia and Oceania 251
Europe 256
The Americas 260
Notes 264
Bibliography 267
Publications related to the KOSIMO databank 267
References and further reading 268
Index 274
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