National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956 / Edition 1

National Bolshevism: Stalinist Mass Culture and the Formation of Modern Russian National Identity, 1931-1956 / Edition 1

by David Brandenberger
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674009061

ISBN-13: 9780674009066

Pub. Date: 12/28/2002

Publisher: Harvard University Press

During the 1930s, Stalin and his entourage rehabilitated famous names from the Russian national past in a propaganda campaign designed to mobilize Soviet society for the coming war. Legendary heroes like Aleksandr Nevskii and epic events like the Battle of Borodino quickly eclipsed more conventional communist slogans revolving around class struggle and proletarian

Overview

During the 1930s, Stalin and his entourage rehabilitated famous names from the Russian national past in a propaganda campaign designed to mobilize Soviet society for the coming war. Legendary heroes like Aleksandr Nevskii and epic events like the Battle of Borodino quickly eclipsed more conventional communist slogans revolving around class struggle and proletarian internationalism. In a provocative study, David Brandenberger traces this populist "national Bolshevism" into the 1950s, highlighting the catalytic effect that it had on Russian national identity formation.

Beginning with national Bolshevism's origins within Stalin's inner circle, Brandenberger next examines its projection into Soviet society through education and mass culture--from textbooks and belletristic literature to theater, opera, film, and the arts. Brandenberger then turns to the popular reception of this propaganda, uncovering glimpses of Stalin-era public opinion in letters, diaries, and secret police reports.

Controversial insofar as Soviet social identity is commonly associated with propaganda promoting class consciousness, this study argues that Stalinist ideology was actually more Russian nationalist than it was proletarian internationalist. National Bolshevism helps to explain not only why this genre of populism survived Stalin's death in 1953, but why it continues to resonate among Russians today.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674009066
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2002
Series:
Russian Research Center Studies Series, #93
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.50(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

List of Figures and Table

A Note on Conventions

Terms and Acronyms

Introduction: Mobilization, Populism, and the Formation of Modern Russian National Identity

1. Tsarist and Early Soviet Society's Weak Sense of National Identity

Part One: 1931-1941

2. Mobilizing Stalinist Society in the Early to Mid-1930s

3. The Emergence of Russocentric Etatism

4. Ideology in the Prewar Classroom

5. Popularizing State Ideology through Mass Culture

6. The Popular Reception of National Bolshevism on the Eve of War

Part Two: 1941-1945

7. Wartime Stalinist Ideology and Its Discontents

8. Ideological Education on the Home Front

9. Wartime Mass Culture and Propaganda

10. Popular Engagement with the Official Line during the War

Part Three: 1945-1953

11. Soviet Ideology during the Zhdanovshchina and High Stalinism

12. Public and Party Education during the Early Postwar Period

13. Postwar Soviet Mass Culture

14. The Popular Reception of Ideology during Stalin's Last Decade

Conclusion: National Bolshevism and a Modern Russian National Identity

Appendix: Civic History Textbook Development, 1934-1955

Notes

Index

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