National Science Education Standards / Edition 1

National Science Education Standards / Edition 1

by National Academies Press, National Research Council
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0309053269

ISBN-13: 9780309053266

Pub. Date: 12/21/1995

Publisher: National Academies Press

Americans agree that our students urgently need better science education. But what should they be expected to know and be able to do? Can the same expectations be applied across our diverse society?

These and other fundamental issues are addressed in National Science Education Standards--a landmark development effort that reflects the contributions of

Overview

Americans agree that our students urgently need better science education. But what should they be expected to know and be able to do? Can the same expectations be applied across our diverse society?

These and other fundamental issues are addressed in National Science Education Standards--a landmark development effort that reflects the contributions of thousands of teachers, scientists, science educators, and other experts across the country.

The National Science Education Standards offer a coherent vision of what it means to be scientifically literate, describing what all students regardless of background or circumstance should understand and be able to do at different grade levels in various science categories.

The standards address:

  • The exemplary practice of science teaching that provides students with experiences that enable them to achieve scientific literacy.
  • Criteria for assessing and analyzing students' attainments in science and the learning opportunities that school science programs afford.
  • The nature and design of the school and district science program.
  • The support and resources needed for students to learn science.

These standards reflect the principles that learning science is an inquiry-based process, that science in schools should reflect the intellectual traditions of contemporary science, and that all Americans have a role in improving science education.

This document will be invaluable to education policymakers, school system administrators, teacher educators, individual teachers, and concerned parents.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309053266
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
12/21/1995
Pages:
272
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.50(h) x 0.51(d)

Table of Contents

Call to Action vii
National Science Education Standards: An Overview 1(114)
Organization of the Standards
3(1)
Science Teaching Standards
4(1)
Professional Development Standards
4(1)
Assessment Standards
5(1)
Science Content Standards
6(1)
Science Education Program Standards
7(1)
Science Education System Standards
8(1)
Toward the Future
9(2)
Introduction
11(8)
Why National Science Education Standards?
12(1)
Goals for School Science
13(1)
History of the National Science Education Standards
13(2)
Organization
15(2)
Guidance for Readers
17(1)
References for Further Reading
17(2)
Principles and Definitions
19(8)
Perspectives and Terms in the National Science Education Standards
22(2)
References for Further Reading
24(3)
Science Teaching Standards
27(28)
The Standards
29(23)
Standard A
30(2)
Standard B
32(5)
Standard C
37(6)
Standard D
43(2)
Standard E
45(6)
Standard F
51(1)
Changing Emphases for Teaching
52(1)
References for Further Reading
53(2)
Standards for Professional Development for Teachers of Science
55(20)
The Standards
58(14)
Standard A
59(3)
Standard B
62(6)
Standard C
68(2)
Standard D
70(2)
Changing Emphases for Professional Development
72(1)
References for Further Reading
73(2)
Assessment in Science Education
75(28)
The Standards
78(9)
Standard A
78(1)
Standard B
79(4)
Standard C
83(2)
Standard D
85(1)
Standard E
86(1)
Assessments Conducted by Classroom Teachers
87(2)
Improving Classroom Practice
87(1)
Planning Curricula
87(1)
Developing Self-directed Learners
88(1)
Reporting Student Progress
88(1)
Researching Teaching Practices
89(1)
Assessments Conducted at the District, State, and National Levels
89(2)
Data Analysis
90(1)
Teacher Involvement
90(1)
Sample Size
90(1)
Representative Sample
90(1)
Sample Assessments of Student Science Achievement
91(9)
Assessing Understanding of the Natural World
91(7)
Assessing the Ability to Inquire
98(2)
Changing Emphases for Assessment
100(1)
References for Further Reading
101(2)
Science Content Standards
103(12)
Rationale
104(4)
Unifying Concepts and Processes Standard
104(1)
Science as Inquiry Standards
105(1)
Physical Science, Life Science, and Earth and Space Science Standards
106(1)
Science and Technology Standards
106(1)
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives Standards
107(1)
History and Nature of Science Standards
107(1)
Form of the Content Standards
108(1)
Criteria for the Content Standards
109(2)
Use of the Content Standards
111(2)
Changing Emphases for Contents
113(2)
Content Standard:K-12 115(6)
Content Standards:K-4 121(22)
Science as Inquiry
121(2)
Physical Science
123(4)
Life Science
127(3)
Earth and Space Science
130(5)
Science and Technology
135(3)
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
138(3)
History and Nature of Science
141(2)
Content Standards:5-8 143(30)
Science as Inquiry
143(6)
Physical Science
149(6)
Life Science
155(3)
Earth and Space Science
158(3)
Science and Technology
161(5)
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
166(4)
History and Nature of Science
170(3)
Content Standards:9-12 173(70)
Science as Inquiry
173(3)
Physical Science
176(5)
Life Science
181(6)
Earth and Space Science
187(3)
Science and Technology
190(3)
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
193(7)
History and Nature of Science
200(4)
References for Further Reading
204(5)
Science Education Program Standards
209(18)
The Standards
210(14)
Standard A
210(2)
Standard B
212(2)
Standard C
214(4)
Standard D
218(3)
Standard E
221(1)
Standard F
222(2)
Changing Emphases for Programs
224(1)
References for Further Reading
225(2)
Science Education System Standards
227(16)
The Standards
230(9)
Standard A
230(1)
Standard B
231(1)
Standard C
232(1)
Standard D
232(1)
Standard E
232(1)
Standard F
233(1)
Standard G
233(6)
Changing Emphases for Systems
239(1)
References for Further Reading
240(3)
Epilogue 243(3)
Appendix 246(8)
Index 254(7)
Credits 261

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