The Nation's Health / Edition 8

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Overview

Summary:

• Presents a comprehensive overarching framework to portray the determinants of the nation’s health and organize the major components of the Book. Then, under each major component, we present a more detailed framework capturing the essential elements of that particular component of the overarching framework. This would be an important new addition to the Book and will make better sense to the readers when approaching the reading materials.
• The book cross-links to Delivering Healthcare in the US and Essentials of the US Health Care System books so that the readings presented in this Book would also become background and supplemental readings of the two other textbooks.
• In front of each major component, a summary section highlights the major issues and challenges related to that component and provides a summary of the representative articles to follow. This helps readers clearly grasp the essential elements related to that component and understand the main objectives of each of the selected readings for that component.
• The Book will include both classic readings and new readings published within the last five years.
• New features: Introduces articles on healthcare delivery and interventions to address health determinants and improve population health from other countries in the world. Readers will benefit from learning from other countries in both healthcare delivery and health determinants interventions.

Other positive features of the Book include:
• Limited use of tables and figures to allow readers to grasp the essence of the chapter without too much distraction
• The book can be used either stand-alone as a textbook or a secondary reader to a health care related course

Courses will be found in:
Schools of Public Health
Department of Health Administration and Policy
School of Nursing
School of Medicine
Allied Health

Competitive Features:
Timely / current
Concise and easy-to-follow
Well-organized
Focusing on essentials of U.S. health care delivery
Include lessons and experiences from foreign countries
Inexpensive

Qualifying Questions:
a) Do your students have limited knowledge of U.S. health care? – The book includes overviews and collection of articles that provide an introduction to the most essentials components of U.S. health care delivery at layman’s terms.
b) Is current information important in your teaching? – The book provides relevantly current articles on important components of U.S. health care delivery. Its relatively short-length facilitates quick updates from year to year.
c) Is coherence important to you and your students? – The book uses a comprehensive framework to organize the parts and chapters. Its limited use of tables and figures does not cause too much a ‘slow-down’.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Linda Rae Murray, MD, MPH (Cook County Department of Public Health)
Description: This book describes the U.S. health system using a structured presentation of 72 independent papers, some classic and others new contributions to the literature. This update represents important changes from the previous edition published in 2003.
Purpose: According to the authors, the "objectives of this new edition are to highlight the major accomplishments and limitations in health, identify and analyze the major determinants of health, and suggest interventions to positively impact the determinants of health." This collection of articles does a more than reasonable job of covering a wide range of national health issues. The 72 articles are structured into 18 chapters with overview comments, making the material much more accessible to students and providing context for the material.
Audience: With its collection of articles from the public health literature, this book is particularly valuable to undergraduate and master's level students who are not steeped in the literature. Practitioners also will find it useful, since it gathers critical points of view from the literature in a single book and serves as an excellent starting point to explore further. Making it more valuable are the insights and comments of two leading health scholars.
Features: The preface outlines the framework used to structure the chapters of the book. The authors attempt to describe the determinants of health, discussing the social, environmental, and medical determinants. They also describe the medical care system and its determinants, compared to the social determinants of health. A highlight is the introductory discussion in each chapter that places its readings in a historical and national context. One improvement for future editions might be a short annotated reference list of readings not included in the book, but recommended for further reading.
Assessment: This book makes it easy for beginning students to have a collection of readings for the backbone of a survey course, or as a supplement to other overview books. The structured organization to address the determinants of health is a major improvement over previous editions. This new edition will be a useful tool in the classroom.
From The Critics
Reviewer: Linda Rae Murray, MD, MPH(Cook County Department of Public Health)
Description: This book describes the U.S. health system using a structured presentation of 72 independent papers, some classic and others new contributions to the literature. This update represents important changes from the previous edition published in 2003.
Purpose: According to the authors, the "objectives of this new edition are to highlight the major accomplishments and limitations in health, identify and analyze the major determinants of health, and suggest interventions to positively impact the determinants of health." This collection of articles does a more than reasonable job of covering a wide range of national health issues. The 72 articles are structured into 18 chapters with overview comments, making the material much more accessible to students and providing context for the material.
Audience: With its collection of articles from the public health literature, this book is particularly valuable to undergraduate and master's level students who are not steeped in the literature. Practitioners also will find it useful, since it gathers critical points of view from the literature in a single book and serves as an excellent starting point to explore further. Making it more valuable are the insights and comments of two leading health scholars.
Features: The preface outlines the framework used to structure the chapters of the book. The authors attempt to describe the determinants of health, discussing the social, environmental, and medical determinants. They also describe the medical care system and its determinants, compared to the social determinants of health. A highlight is the introductory discussion in each chapter that places its readings in a historical and national context. One improvement for future editions might be a short annotated reference list of readings not included in the book, but recommended for further reading.
Assessment: This book makes it easy for beginning students to have a collection of readings for the backbone of a survey course, or as a supplement to other overview books. The structured organization to address the determinants of health is a major improvement over previous editions. This new edition will be a useful tool in the classroom.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780763784577
  • Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Publication date: 9/15/2010
  • Edition description: 8
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 856
  • Sales rank: 489,252
  • Product dimensions: 8.50 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 2.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

About the Editors

Part I Health of the Nation 1

Chapter 1 Health Outcomes 3

Reading 1 We Can Do Better---Improving the Health of the American People Steven A. Schroeder Schroeder, Steven A. 7

Reading 2 U.S. Disparities in Health: Descriptions, Causes, and Mechanisms David H. Rehkopf Rehkopf, David H. 15

Reading 3 Changing Patterns of Mortality Among American Indians Stephen J. Kunitz Kunitz, Stephen J. 28

Reading 4 Towards a Common Definition of Global Health Michael H. Merson Merson, Michael H. 38

Chapter 2 Conceptual Framwork of Health Determinants 43

Reading 1 Proximal, Distal, and the Politics of Causation: What's Level Got to Do With It? Nancy Krieger Krieger, Nancy 47

Reading 2 A Call to Action for Individuals & Their Communities United Health Foundation 60

Reading 3 Sorting Out the Connections Between the Built Environment and Health: A Conceptual Framework for Navigating Pathways and Planning Healthy Cities Padmini Biswas Biswas, Padmini 97

Reading 4 A Conceptual Framework for Action on the Social Determinants of Health Commission on Social Determinants of Health World Health Organization 107

Part II The Determinants of Health 137

Chapter 3 Social Determinants of Health 139

Reading 1 Social Epidemiology: Social Determinants of Health in the United States: Are We Losing Ground? Lisa F. Berkman Berkman, Lisa F. 143

Reading 2 Income Inequality and Socioeconomic Gradients in Mortality Kate E. Pickett Pickett, Kate E. 155

Reading 3 Social Determinants of Health Inequalities Michael Marmot Marmot, Michael 164

Reading 4 Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health in 22 European Countries Albert-Jan R. Roskam Roskam, Albert-Jan R. 171

Chapter 4 Behavioral Determinants of Health 185

Reading 1 Evaluating the Public Health Impact of Health Promotion Interventions: The RE-AIM Framework Shawn M. Boles Boles, Shawn M. 189

Reading 2 A Framework for Assessing the Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Equity of Behavioral Healthcare David R. Lairson Lairson, David R. 197

Reading 3 The Health and Cost Benefits of Work Site Health-Promotion Programs Ronald J. Ozminkowski Ozminkowski, Ronald J. 217

Reading 4 Healthy Communities Preventing Chronic Disease by Activating Grassroots Change: At a Glance 2009 National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion 233

Chapter 5 Biological Determinants of Health 237

Reading 1 Biological Basis of Determinants of Health Walter M. Bortz Bortz, Walter M. 240

Reading 2 The Health of U.S. Racial and Ethnic Populations David R. Williams Williams, David R. 245

Reading 3 The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan Natalie C. Audage Audage, Natalie C. 259

Reading 4 Behavioral Determinants of Health Aging Revisited: An Update on the Good News for the Baby Boomer Generation Jeanette S. Biermann Biermann, Jeanette S. 267

Part III Medical Health Determinants: Inputs 279

Chapter 6 The Health Workforce 281

Reading 1 The Physician Workforce: Projections and Research into Current Issues Affecting Supply and Demand 286

Reading 2 Forecasting the Global Shortage of Physicians: An Economic- and Needs-Based Approach Yohannes Kinfu Kinfu, Yohannes 309

Reading 3 The Rationale for Diversity in the Health Professions: A Review of the Evidence U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 309

Reading 4 Physician Workforce Crisis? Wrong Diagnosis, Wrong Prescription Elliott S. Fisher Fisher, Elliott S. 337

Chapter 7 Health Care Financing 341

Reading 1 The Uninsured: A Primer Jennifer Tolbert Tolbert, Jennifer 344

Reading 2 Trends in the Health Status of Medicare Risk Contract Enrollees Carlos Zarabozo Zarabozo, Carlos 355

Reading 3 The Value of Medical Spending in the United States, 1960-2000 Sandeep Vijan Vijan, Sandeep 367

Reading 4 High and Rising Health Care Costs: Demystifying U.S. Health Care Spending Paul B. Ginsburg Ginsburg, Paul B. 375

Chapter 8 Medical Technology 389

Reading 1 How Changes in Medical Technology Affect Health Care Costs The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation 392

Reading 2 The Cost of Medical Technologies: Maximizing the Value of Innovation Charles Beever Beever, Charles 398

Reading 3 Pharmaceutical Price Controls in OECD Countries U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration 405

Reading 4 Some Unintended Consequences of Information Technology in Health Care: The Nature of Patient Care Information System-Related Errors Enrico Coiera Coiera, Enrico 409

Part IV Medical Health Determinants: The Continuum of Care 421

Chapter 9 Organization of Health Care 423

Reading 1 Coordinating Care---A Perilous Journey through the Health Care System Thomas Bodenheimer Bodenheimer, Thomas 426

Reading 2 Community Health Centers Tackle Rising Demands and Expectations Johanna Lauer Lauer, Johanna 435

Reading 3 Managed Care and Cancer Outcomes for Medicare Beneficiaries with Disabilities Kristen J. Wells Wells, Kristen J. 440

Reading 4 How Engaged Are Consumers in Their Health and Health Care, and Why Does It Matter? Peter J. Cunningham Cunningham, Peter J. 451

Chapter 10 The Public Health System 459

Reading 1 Declaration of Alma-Ata: International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata, USSR, 6-12 September 1978 World Health Organization 469

Reading 2 Political Will: A Bridge Between Public Health Knowledge and Action Gerald A. Reed Reed, Gerald A. 472

Reading 3 Improving the Effectiveness of Health Care and Public Health: A Multiscale Complex Systems Analysis Yaneer Bar-Yam Bar-Yam, Yaneer 478

Reading 4 Public Health Services and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis G. Ardine deWit deWit, G. Ardine 488

Chapter 11 Primary Care 499

Reading 1 Primary Health Care: Making Alma-Ata a Reality Anne Tinker Tinker, Anne 507

Reading 2 Primary Care: Putting People First World Health Organization 517

Reading 3 Quantifying the Health Benefits of Primary Care Physician Supply in the United States Leiyu Shi Shi, Leiyu 538

Reading 4 America's Health Centers National Association of Community Health Center, Inc. 548

Chapter 12 Inpatient and Tertiary Care 551

Reading 1 Physician-Owned Specialty Hospitals Mark E. Miller Miller, Mark E. 554

Reading 2 General Hospitals, Specialty Hospitals and Financially Vulnerable Patients Johanna Lauer Lauer, Johanna 562

Reading 3 Experiences of Critical Access Hospitals in the Provision of Emergency Medical Services June Eichner Eichner, June 568

Reading 4 Partners in Critical Care Stephen Lapinsky Lapinsky, Stephen 573

Chapter 13 Long-Term and Community Care 581

Reading 1 Introduction to Where Older People Live: The Need for Affordability, Accessibility, and Acceptability Keren Brown Wilson Wilson, Keren Brown 584

Reading 2 Consumer-Preparedness for Long-Term Care Rachel Shiffrin Shiffrin, Rachel 588

Reading 3 Long-Term Care: Understanding Medicaid's Role for the Elderly and Disabled Ellen O'Brien O'Brien, Ellen 593

Reading 4 Changes in the Quality of Nursing Homes in the U.S.: A review and Data Update Stephen Littlehale Littlehale, Stephen 596

Chapter 14 Mental Health Care 613

Reading 1 Trends in Mental Health Care Colleen L. Barry Barry, Colleen L. 617

Reading 2 Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 626

Reading 3 Managed Behavioral Health Care Carve-Outs: Past Performance and Future Prospects Rachel L. Garfield Garfield, Rachel L. 652

Reading 4 Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America New Freedom Commission on Mental Health 666

Part V Interventions to Improve Health 671

Chapter 15 Non-Medical Interventions 673

Reading 1 Approaching Health Dispartities from a Population Perspective: The National Institutes of Health Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities Nancy Breen Breen, Nancy 678

Reading 2 Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health Ruth Bell Bell, Ruth Commission on Social Determinants of Health 690

Reading 3 The Inequality Paradox: The Population Approach and Vulnerable Populations Louise Potvin Potvin, Louise 701

Reading 4 Beyond Health Care: New Directions to a Healthier America 709

Chapter 16 Medical Interventions 715

Reading 1 10 Years, 5 Voices, 1 Challenge Howard Larkin Larkin, Howard 718

Reading 2 Physician Performance Measurement: A Key to Higher Quality and Lower Cost Growth or a Lost Opportunity? Debra A. Draper Draper, Debra A. 722

Reading 3 Hospital Strategies to Engage Physicians in Quality Improvement Genna R. Cohen Cohen, Genna R. 727

Reading 4 Navigating Health Care: Why It's So Hard and What Can Be Done to Make It Easier for the Average Consumer Alison Rein Rein, Alison 732

Chapter 17 Lessons from Abroad 737

Reading 1 Slowing the Growth of Health Care Costs---Learning from International Experience Karen Davis Davis, Karen 742

Reading 2 Comparative Effectiveness in Health Care Reform: Lessons from Abroad Helen Evans Evans, Helen 746

Reading 3 Evaluating the WHO Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems by Comparing Mental Health Policies in Four Countries Besa Bauta Bauta, Besa 754

Reading 4 China's Health System Performance Jing Wu Jing, Wu 762

Part VI Directions for the Future 777

Chapter 18 The Future of Health Care Delivery 779

Reading 1 The Present and Future Organization of Medicine I.S. Falk Falk, I. S. 782

Reading 2 Options for Controlling the Cost and Increasing the Efficiency of Health Care Congressional Budget Office 787

Reading 3 Rising Rates of Chronic Health Conditions: What Can Be Done? Alwyn Cassil Cassil, Alwyn 797

Reading 4 Making Medical Homes Work: Moving from Concept to Practice Ann S. O'Malley O'Malley, Ann S. 801

Index 821

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