Native American Flags

Native American Flags

by Doanld T. Healy, Peter Orenski

Flags of the Native peoples of the United States proudly display symbols of tribal traditions, art, and culture. In Native American Flags, Donald T. Healy and Peter J. Orenski present an encyclopedic look at the flags and histories of 183 Native American tribes throughout the United States.

Listing Indian nations alphabetically, this fully indexed

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Flags of the Native peoples of the United States proudly display symbols of tribal traditions, art, and culture. In Native American Flags, Donald T. Healy and Peter J. Orenski present an encyclopedic look at the flags and histories of 183 Native American tribes throughout the United States.

Listing Indian nations alphabetically, this fully indexed reference includes both federally recognized tribes and other groups, and offers an image of each tribe’s flag and a map of their location within the United States. Each entry includes a brief summary of the tribe’s history, presents information on contemporary Indian peoples, and describes and illustrates in detail the symbolism and imagery of each Native American flag. A gallery of color plates includes full-color representations of 192 historic and contemporary Native flags.

The authors visited more than two dozen reservations and surveyed more than 250 tribal governments, working closely with them to produce this authoritative volume. A portion of their original research on Native American flags was published in Raven, the journal of the North American Vexillological Association, an organization devoted to the scientific study of flags. This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes more than fifty new flags and accompanying tribal listings and full-color representations of each flag. Carl Waldman’s foreword places the flags within the context of Indian history, mythology, and art, and shows how Native American flags have become powerful symbols of Native unity and tribal sovereignty.

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Product Details

University of Oklahoma Press
Publication date:
Edition description:
New Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

Guide to References Cited
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma2
Ak-Chin Indian Community (Tohono O'odham and Pima) - Arizona3
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma4
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma6
Arapahoe Tribe of the Wind River Reservation - Wyoming8
Aroostook Bankd of Micmac Indians of Maine10
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation - Montana12
Bay Mills Indian Community of the Sault Ste. Marie Band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Michigan13
Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians - California14
Blackfeet Tribe - Montana15
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota16
Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians - California18
Caddo Indian tribe of Oklahoma24
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma27
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe - South Dakota29
Chicksaw Nation - Oklahoma31
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma33
Citizen Potawatomi Nation - Oklahoma35
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona37
Coeur d'Alene Tribe - Idaho38
Colorado River Indian Tribes (CRIT) - Arizona and California40
Comanche Indian Tribe - Oklahoma42
Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes of the Flathead Reservation - Montana44
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation - Washington46
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation - Washington48
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon50
Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation - Oregon52
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation - Oregon55
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon58
Coquille Tribe of Louisiana61
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon63
Crow Tribe of Montana66
Delaware Nation (formerly Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma) - Oklahoma68
Delaware Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma70
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina72
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma73
Eastern Shoshone Tribe - Wyoming75
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota77
Forest County Potawatomi Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians - Wisconsin79
Fort Belknap Indian Community (Assiniboine and Gros Ventre) - Montana80
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe - Arizona, California, and Nevada82
Fort Sill Apahce Tribe of Oklahoma83
Gila Ribert Indian Community (Pima and Maricopa) - Arizona85
Hannahville Indian Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians of Michigan87
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Nation of Wisconsin88
Hoopa Valley Tribe - California90
Hopi Tribe of Arizona92
Hualapai Indian Tribe - Arizona95
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma98
Iroquois League - New York100
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington102
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken - Puerto Rico103
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians - Arizona106
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreille) Indian Community - Washington108
Karuk Tribe of California109
Kaw (Kanza) Nation - Oklahoma111
Kialegee Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma112
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma114
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma116
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Wisconsin118
Leech lake Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota120
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe - South Dakota122
Lower Elwha Tribal Community (Klallam) - Washington123
Loyal Shawnee Tribe - Oklahoma125
Lummi Tribe - Washington127
Makah Indian Tribe - Washington128
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut129
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin130
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma131
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida132
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota133
Minnesota Chippewa (Ojibwe) Tribe134
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians135
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma136
Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut138
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe - Washington140
Muscogee (Creek) Nation - Oklahoma141
Navajo Nation - Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah143
Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho146
Northern Cheyenne Tribe - Montana148
Oglala Sioux Tribe - South Dakota149
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska and Iowa150
Oneida Nation of New York152
Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin153
Osage Tribe - Oklahoma154
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma155
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma156
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah158
Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony - California159
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona161
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine164
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma166
Penobscot Tribe of Maine168
Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma169
Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama171
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma173
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska174
Pueblo of Cochiti - New Mexico176
Pueblo of Nambe - New Mexico177
Pueblo of Picuris - New Mexico178
Pueblo of of San Ildefonso - New Mexico179
Pueblo of Santa Clara - New Mexico180
Pueblo of Zia - New Mexico181
Puyallup Tribe - Washington183
Quapaw Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma185
Quileute Tribe - Washington187
Quinault Tribe - Washington189
Red Lake Band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Minnesota190
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony - Nevada191
Rosebud Sioux Tribe - South Dakota193
Sac and Fox Nation - Oklahoma195
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa196
Saginaw Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indian Tribe of Michigan197
St. Croix Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians of Wisconsin199
St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York200
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community - Arizona202
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation - Arizona203
Santee Sioux Tribe - Nebraska205
Sault St. Marie Tribe of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians of Michigan206
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma210
Seminole Tribe of Florida212
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma214
Senece Nation of New York215
Sisseton and Wahpeton Sioux Tribe - North Dakota and South Dakota216
Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah217
Souther Ute Tribe - Colorado218
Spokane Tribe - Washington220
Squaxin Island Tribe - Washington221
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota222
Stockbridge-Munsee Community of Mohican Indians of Wisconsin223
Suquamish Indian Tribe - Washington225
Swinomish Indians - Washington226
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma228
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Forst Berthold Reservation (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) - North Dakota230
Tlingit and Haida Tribes - Alaska232
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona233
Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma235
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona236
Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California238
Tulalip Tribes - Washington240
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana242
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma244
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington245
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation - Utah246
Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California248
White Earth Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota249
White Mountain Apache Tribe - Arizona250
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes - Oklahoma251
Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma253
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota254
Yavapai-Apache Nation - Arizona256
Yavapai-Prescott Tribe - Arizona258
Yavapai Tribe of the Fort McDowell Indian Community - Arizona261
Yosemite Miwoks (Jackson, Shingle Springs, and Tuolumne Rancherias) - California263
Zuni Tribe - New Mexico264
Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington268
Inter-Tribal Council of California (ITCC)269
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada (ITCN)270
Inter-Tribal Council of New England (ICONE)271
United Sioux Tribes (UST) - North Dakota and South Dakota272
United South and Eastern Tribes (USET) - Southern and Eastern United States273
Cherokee Tribe of Georgia276
Chickamauga Cherokee Nation - Arkansas and Missouri277
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Band of New Jersey281
Metis Nation in New England (MNNE)283
Miami Nation of Indiana285
Micmac Nation - Maine287
Oklavueha Band of the Seminole (Yamasee) Tribe - Florida289
Piqua Sept of the Ohio Shawnee Tribe - Ohio and Alabama291
Powhatan Renape Nation - New Jersey293
St. Francis Sokoki Band of Abenakis - Vermont296
Southern Band of the Tuscarora Indian Tribe - North Carolina297
Southern Cherokee Nation - Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Tennessee, Texas, and Other States299
Taino Turabo Aymaco Tribe of Boriken - Puerto Rico302
Texas Cherokee Nation305
Thunder Mountain Lenape Nation - Pennsylvania307
Tolowa Tribe - California309
Wyandot Nation of Kansas310
Thumbnail Sketches312

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