Native American Flags

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Flags of the Native peoples of the United States proudly display symbols of tribal traditions, art, and culture. In Native American Flags, Donald T. Healy and Peter J. Orenski present an encyclopedic look at the flags and histories of 183 Native American tribes throughout the United States.

Listing Indian nations alphabetically, this fully indexed reference includes both federally recognized tribes and other groups, and offers an image of each tribe’s flag and a map of their location within the United States. Each entry includes a brief summary of the tribe’s history, presents information on contemporary Indian peoples, and describes and illustrates in detail the symbolism and imagery of each Native American flag. A gallery of color plates includes full-color representations of 192 historic and contemporary Native flags.

The authors visited over two dozen reservations and surveyed more than 250 tribal governments, working closely with them to produce this authoritative volume. A portion of their original research on Native American flags was published in Raven, the journal of the North American Vexillological Association, an organization devoted to the scientific study of flags. This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes more than fifty new flags and accompanying tribal listings and full-color representations of each flag. Carl Waldman’s foreword places the flags within the context of Indian history, mythology, and art, and shows how Native American flags have become powerful symbols of Native unity and tribal sovereignty.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780806135564
  • Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
  • Publication date: 9/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 400
  • Sales rank: 1,318,105
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Donald T. Healy is past president of the North American Vexillological Association. Healy's flag-related writings have been published in the United States, Canada, Poland, and Australia.

Peter J. Orenski is the author of A Flag for New Milford, a practical guide to creating a successful civic flag, and president of a company that supplies flags and flag products to Indian tribes, U.S. embassies, and corporate customers worldwide.

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Table of Contents

Guide to References Cited
Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 2
Ak-Chin Indian Community (Tohono O'odham and Pima) - Arizona 3
Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma 4
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma 6
Arapahoe Tribe of the Wind River Reservation - Wyoming 8
Aroostook Bankd of Micmac Indians of Maine 10
Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation - Montana 12
Bay Mills Indian Community of the Sault Ste. Marie Band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Michigan 13
Big Pine Band of Owens Valley Paiute Shoshone Indians - California 14
Blackfeet Tribe - Montana 15
Bois Forte Band (Nett Lake) of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota 16
Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians - California 18
Caddo Indian tribe of Oklahoma 24
Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma 27
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe - South Dakota 29
Chicksaw Nation - Oklahoma 31
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 33
Citizen Potawatomi Nation - Oklahoma 35
Cocopah Tribe of Arizona 37
Coeur d'Alene Tribe - Idaho 38
Colorado River Indian Tribes (CRIT) - Arizona and California 40
Comanche Indian Tribe - Oklahoma 42
Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes of the Flathead Reservation - Montana 44
Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Indian Nation - Washington 46
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation - Washington 48
Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon 50
Confederated Tribes of the Siletz Reservation - Oregon 52
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation - Oregon 55
Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon 58
Coquille Tribe of Louisiana 61
Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Indians of Oregon 63
Crow Tribe of Montana 66
Delaware Nation (formerly Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma) - Oklahoma 68
Delaware Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma 70
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians of North Carolina 72
Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma 73
Eastern Shoshone Tribe - Wyoming 75
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota 77
Forest County Potawatomi Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians - Wisconsin 79
Fort Belknap Indian Community (Assiniboine and Gros Ventre) - Montana 80
Fort Mojave Indian Tribe - Arizona, California, and Nevada 82
Fort Sill Apahce Tribe of Oklahoma 83
Gila Ribert Indian Community (Pima and Maricopa) - Arizona 85
Hannahville Indian Community of Wisconsin Potawatomi Indians of Michigan 87
Ho-Chunk (Winnebago) Nation of Wisconsin 88
Hoopa Valley Tribe - California 90
Hopi Tribe of Arizona 92
Hualapai Indian Tribe - Arizona 95
Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma 98
Iroquois League - New York 100
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington 102
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken - Puerto Rico 103
Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians - Arizona 106
Kalispel (Pend d'Oreille) Indian Community - Washington 108
Karuk Tribe of California 109
Kaw (Kanza) Nation - Oklahoma 111
Kialegee Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma 112
Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma 114
Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma 116
Lac du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Wisconsin 118
Leech lake Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota 120
Lower Brule Sioux Tribe - South Dakota 122
Lower Elwha Tribal Community (Klallam) - Washington 123
Loyal Shawnee Tribe - Oklahoma 125
Lummi Tribe - Washington 127
Makah Indian Tribe - Washington 128
Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut 129
Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin 130
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma 131
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida 132
Mille Lacs Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota 133
Minnesota Chippewa (Ojibwe) Tribe 134
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians 135
Modoc Tribe of Oklahoma 136
Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut 138
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe - Washington 140
Muscogee (Creek) Nation - Oklahoma 141
Navajo Nation - Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah 143
Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho 146
Northern Cheyenne Tribe - Montana 148
Oglala Sioux Tribe - South Dakota 149
Omaha Tribe of Nebraska and Iowa 150
Oneida Nation of New York 152
Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin 153
Osage Tribe - Oklahoma 154
Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma 155
Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma 156
Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah 158
Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Bishop Community of the Bishop Colony - California 159
Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona 161
Passamaquoddy Tribe of Maine 164
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma 166
Penobscot Tribe of Maine 168
Peoria Tribe of Oklahoma 169
Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Alabama 171
Ponca Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma 173
Ponca Tribe of Nebraska 174
Pueblo of Cochiti - New Mexico 176
Pueblo of Nambe - New Mexico 177
Pueblo of Picuris - New Mexico 178
Pueblo of of San Ildefonso - New Mexico 179
Pueblo of Santa Clara - New Mexico 180
Pueblo of Zia - New Mexico 181
Puyallup Tribe - Washington 183
Quapaw Tribe of Indians - Oklahoma 185
Quileute Tribe - Washington 187
Quinault Tribe - Washington 189
Red Lake Band of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians - Minnesota 190
Reno-Sparks Indian Colony - Nevada 191
Rosebud Sioux Tribe - South Dakota 193
Sac and Fox Nation - Oklahoma 195
Sac and Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa 196
Saginaw Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indian Tribe of Michigan 197
St. Croix Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians of Wisconsin 199
St. Regis Band of Mohawk Indians of New York 200
Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community - Arizona 202
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation - Arizona 203
Santee Sioux Tribe - Nebraska 205
Sault St. Marie Tribe of Chippewa (Ojibwe) Indians of Michigan 206
Seminole Nation of Oklahoma 210
Seminole Tribe of Florida 212
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma 214
Senece Nation of New York 215
Sisseton and Wahpeton Sioux Tribe - North Dakota and South Dakota 216
Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians of Utah 217
Souther Ute Tribe - Colorado 218
Spokane Tribe - Washington 220
Squaxin Island Tribe - Washington 221
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota 222
Stockbridge-Munsee Community of Mohican Indians of Wisconsin 223
Suquamish Indian Tribe - Washington 225
Swinomish Indians - Washington 226
Thlopthlocco Tribal Town (Creek) - Oklahoma 228
Three Affiliated Tribes of the Forst Berthold Reservation (Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara) - North Dakota 230
Tlingit and Haida Tribes - Alaska 232
Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona 233
Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma 235
Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona 236
Torres-Martinez Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of California 238
Tulalip Tribes - Washington 240
Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana 242
United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma 244
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington 245
Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation - Utah 246
Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California 248
White Earth Band of Chippewas (Ojibwes) - Minnesota 249
White Mountain Apache Tribe - Arizona 250
Wichita and Affiliated Tribes - Oklahoma 251
Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma 253
Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota 254
Yavapai-Apache Nation - Arizona 256
Yavapai-Prescott Tribe - Arizona 258
Yavapai Tribe of the Fort McDowell Indian Community - Arizona 261
Yosemite Miwoks (Jackson, Shingle Springs, and Tuolumne Rancherias) - California 263
Zuni Tribe - New Mexico 264
Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) - Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington 268
Inter-Tribal Council of California (ITCC) 269
Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada (ITCN) 270
Inter-Tribal Council of New England (ICONE) 271
United Sioux Tribes (UST) - North Dakota and South Dakota 272
United South and Eastern Tribes (USET) - Southern and Eastern United States 273
Cherokee Tribe of Georgia 276
Chickamauga Cherokee Nation - Arkansas and Missouri 277
Hawaiians 279
Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Band of New Jersey 281
Metis Nation in New England (MNNE) 283
Miami Nation of Indiana 285
Micmac Nation - Maine 287
Oklavueha Band of the Seminole (Yamasee) Tribe - Florida 289
Piqua Sept of the Ohio Shawnee Tribe - Ohio and Alabama 291
Powhatan Renape Nation - New Jersey 293
St. Francis Sokoki Band of Abenakis - Vermont 296
Southern Band of the Tuscarora Indian Tribe - North Carolina 297
Southern Cherokee Nation - Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Tennessee, Texas, and Other States 299
Taino Turabo Aymaco Tribe of Boriken - Puerto Rico 302
Texas Cherokee Nation 305
Thunder Mountain Lenape Nation - Pennsylvania 307
Tolowa Tribe - California 309
Wyandot Nation of Kansas 310
Thumbnail Sketches 312
Index 315
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