The Natural and Societal Challenges of the Northern Sea Route: A Reference Work / Edition 1

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Overview

The Northern Sea Route (NSR) through Russia's ice-infested Arctic waters can potentially halve sailing distances between Europe and Northeast Asia. It also passes by some of the world's largest oil and gas reserves. As we enter the 21st century, technological, political and even climatic developments are again making the NSR an interesting possibility.
Is international, commercial shipping on NSR feasible - economically, technologically and environmentally? This has been the topic of six years of research within the International Northern Sea Route Programme (INSROP), enlisting the expertise of 450 researchers from 14 countries.
Acknowledging the complexity of the problem, the research programme used a uniquely multi-disciplinary approach, with 104 sub-projects mapping and investigating relevant ship technology, the costs and benefits versus other transport routes, potential impacts on the environment and local indigenous peoples, the cargo potential, political and administrative obstacles, the availability of insurance, aspects of security, jurisdiction and environmental law, as well as other aspects.
The results and conclusions of the 104 studies have been integrated and is presented in this book - the first book ever to address the Northern Sea Route in such a comprehensive manner.It is truly a reference work, which should be on the desk of all commercial and political decision-makers concerned with the commercial potential and future development of Northern Sea Route shipping - as well as other stakeholders and interested experts.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792361121
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 11/30/1999
  • Edition description: 2000
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.24 (w) x 9.64 (h) x 1.09 (d)

Table of Contents

Figures
Tables
Notes on Contributors
List of Abbreviations
Foreword
Foreword
'The Insrop Sweat': What was it all about and how was it Handled?
1 The Historical and Geopolitical Context of the Northern Sea Route: Lessons to be Considered 1
1.1 What is the NSR? 2
1.2 The State of NSR Affairs 15
1.3 Formative Factors in the History of the NSR 18
1.4 Lessons to be Considered 44
2 The Natural Environment, Ice Navigation and Ship Technology 47
2.1 Geographical Setting and Ship Routing 48
2.2 The Ice Environment and its Monitoring 55
2.3 Navigational Aspects 78
2.4 NSR Ship Technology 90
2.5 Conclusions 116
3 Environmental Assessments 121
3.1 Introduction 121
3.2 The NSR Bio-physical Environment 132
3.3 NSR Activities: Ships, Navigation and Other Potential Impact Factors 154
3.4 Environmental Safety: Regulatory Framework and Instruments 165
3.5 Environmental Assessments and Analyses 177
3.6 Recommendations 214
4 Economy and Commercial Viability 221
4.1 Achievements to Date 221
4.2 Main Obstacles Ahead 234
4.3 What Remedies can be Found? 261
4.4 Conclusions 278
5 Military, Political, Legal and Human Affairs 281
5.1 Military-Strategic Perceptions of the NSR 281
5.2 Political Management Structure of the NSR - Central and Regional Authorities 303
5.3 The Legal Regime of Navigation in the Russian Arctic 314
5.4 A Zonal Arrangement for the Arctic Seas - a Scheme of Activity Separation 337
5.5 Social and cultural impact on indigenous people of expanded use of the NSR 339
5.6 Overall Conclusions 362
6 The Multiple Realities of the Northern Sea Route: Geographical Hot and Cool Spots of Navigation 365
6.1 Hot and Cool Spots of the Kara Sea 366
6.2 Hot and Cool Spots of the Laptev Sea 386
6.3 Hot and Cool Spots of the East Siberian Sea 393
6.4 Hot and Cool Spots of the Chukchi Sea 400
6.5 The Multiple Realities of the NSR - Academic Exercise or Practical Measure? 405
6.6 Tasks and Challenges of the Future 413
Appendix: Russian EIA Procedures, Practice and Regulations 427
INSROP Bibliography 431
Selected Non-INSROP Bibliography 445
Index 459
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